̾߱ (Story)

 

λ ū ð̸, ū ູ 桯̴.

ڵ λ

Love      Ҵ 

 

 

 

ڵ λ

 

ڵ λ .

Ⱓ ڵ Ÿٰ ڵ Բ ߴ ߾ ȸϴ ߻Ѵ. ߿ ̷ ȸ ʱ Ͽ ڽ ڵ ſ ߾ ʿ䵵 ִ.

 

ȸ ȭ ڵ ġǰ(߱, & ý) -> ʼǰ(, ) -> ǰ(̱, κ) ġ ذ. ȭ 밡 ְ ȭ Ϲ ȭⰡ ִ ô ߴٰ õ  κ ȭⰡ ־߸ ô ڵ ϰ ִ ̴. , <  ־ ϸ,  ־> Ѵ.

ʼǰ̶ ô뿡 ޶. 50-60 ߱ ȥ 4 ʼ ʼǰ <(翬 ڵ ƴ) , (ÿ ) ð, Ʋ, >̾. ѱ ʹ. ش 4 ǰ ʼǰ Ÿ ǰ̶ ô ǰ ߿伺 ˰ ȴ. ׳ ϰ ݱ ȥ Ǵ () ð ִ.

 

ڵ δ (1) , (2) , (3) 󰢺, (4) , (5) () 5 ȴ. (5) () µ 5 θ ִ. Ÿ < ( Ǽ), , , ġ, ΰ & Ҽ (ǰ, , ) > ִ.

 

4 . ڵ ġ ǰ . ڵ ڱ׸ġ <25,000 ǰ> ̷ û ϼ 䱸ϴ ǰ̴( ̺ 10 25 ǰ ̷ ִ). ڵ عϿ Ҽ 󿡵 ִٴ ظ Ȯϰ ˰, ּ ǰ ּ ϸ鼭 ÿ Ѵ. ׷ κ õ ۿ Ƿ ٴϴ Ҹ Ͽ 쳪 ʿ Ѱ ± ̴. Ư, Ͽ Ϻ ϰ ü ֱ ʴ´.

 

ڵ ¿ ũ ޴´. ƹ ص ϸ ⸸ 10 ڵ ° ִ ̴.

ڵ 񿡼 10 line Ѵ.

 

1.     line – ʹ ȯ Բ ȯ, 5,000km ȯ, ռ 10,000km ȯ.

1⿡ Ÿ 2,000km ּ 1⸶ ȯؾ Ѵ.

2.     ̼ line – ̼ 80,000km ȯ (ȯ ̶ ߸ ̴). ̵ַ .

40,000km & Ǹ .

ķ ȯ ʿ .

̼ µ ſ ΰϹǷ ߰ ̼ 𷯸 ġϴ ͵ ٶ ִ. ̼ 𷯿 ̼ 갡 Ǿ ִ.

3.     line line line line .

line - ʹ 10,000km аų ȯ (ִ 30,000km ȯ),

Throttle Body (Butterfly Valve): 40,000km û ( û Ŀ ECU н ʱȭؾ ϸ, ڽ Throttle Body û ʿ ص OK)

PCV & ũũ̽ ȣ – 40,000km ü <߿Կ ϴ 찡 >

             ϰ ׶ 극(membrane) İ ó ٶ ö ִ.

             ɺ극 ũũ̽ Ʈ ȣ(crankcase vent hose) ܿ öƽ Ǿ

             ö ũũ̽ Ʈ ȣ(crankcase vent hose) ߰ Ǵ ܿ Ǿ ִ.

IAC (Idel Air Control) & IAC ̵ (seal, gasket) 150,000km ̳ ü <̵ ü >, ڽ Throttle Body IAC ü.

line 100,000km ü.

ΰ Ȳ ִ ( CPF Ǵ DPF ٶ) Ͽ ()˸ ġ ִ.

ָ ˸ſʹ ޸ DPF (Diesel Particule Filter, ̼ ġ) ġ ִ.

ָ ڵ ˸Ŵ ôϿ ϴ ġ ƴϰ ϸ üϿ ϴ Ϳ Ͽ ڵ DPF ġ ֱ ¿ ־ Ѵ.

2 (secondary air pump): 150,000km ü

4.     line 5,000km (븲 μ Ǵ ҽ).

40,000km ü

ָ 80,000km üϳ, Ͱ ü 쿡 120,000km ü.

ָ 150,000km ̳ (injector) ü ( 50,000km û)

GDI ָ ߰ ü (뿡 ִ е)

ָ 150,000km ̳ ijϽ ̵ַ (Canister Solenoid Valve, PCSV-Purge Control Solenoid Valve) ü

< ϴ 찡 ,  ȥ >

          ijϽ ̵ַ = PCSV = ũ ȯ

          ȣ 갡 峪 Ⱑ ߻.

ָ 150,000km Ѿ ijϽ(canister) (쿡 󼭴 20 km Ѿ ִ ܼ ź )

5.     line – ȭ÷ (4 or 8), м, , ѹƮ, ͸ (4 ~ 8).

HIDٴ ڸ Ͽ ٶϴٰ Ѵ.

20km ܰ ε ū ǰ̴.

(generator) Ҹ쳪 Ȯ ǥ ƴϰ, ͳ(alternator) ´. ͳʹ ͸ 뷮 õǾ ؾ Ѵ.

¿ 14.4V ̳, ֺ µ Ѵ. ( 10 ȭ +-0.1V). ߰ſ ¿ 13.4V ~ Ѱܿ 15V ִ.

Ͽ ü ߰ſ 13V ϶ϰ Ǹ ٽ Ͽ ܱ µ 14V ȸ Ǵ δ.

µ ٸ ϴ ƴ϶ ϴ Ϳ ̴. ü µ ö󰥼 Ŀ ⿡ ̴.

( ü µ Ư µ 0 Ǹ, ü ޸ ݵü εü µ ö󰥼 ݴ δ.)

õ 30 ̻ Ŀ 14.4V (13.4V ~ 15V) ̰ 13.4V ϸ ̸ 15V ̸̻ μ ҷμ ü ̴.

( ִ , õ 30 ̻ idle а ѽð idle 翬 ڰ ȴ.)

кٴ ࿡ ϰϿ п 찡 Ϲ̴.

(idle п) 13.4V Ǵ ⸦ ȯϴ ο ξ, ȯ Ÿ̾ ƴ϶ е ϴ ʿϴ.

(alternator) 峪 ε, ( ǰ ) ǰ ü õѴ.

6.     ð line – ӽŸƮ, & Ʈ & ټų ̸ set (80,000 km), µ , ð

ð ü ֱ õ ̴.

7.     ڵ Ŀ line – Ŀ 100,000km ȯ ( ʰų ȯ ϴٰ Ŀ Ŀ ȣ ִ).

޸ Ŀ ȣ û δ. ֿ ȣȯ ǰ ľ ʿ䰡 ִ.

ֱ н ƴ ͽ Ѵ. ׷ ǰδ Ḧ 2~3% ϴ н ƴ϶ 鿡 ٶϴٰ Ѵ.

8.     극ũ line 40,000km ݵ ȯ ABS ( SBC) Ų.

DOT3 ϸ, ⷮ Ǵ ڵ DOT4 Ѵ.

е, ũ, Ÿ̾ (4 ~ 6)

9.     dz line ( line & line) – dz ϸ ü ǰ ġ̴. 10,000km Ǵ 1 ü Ѵ.

ȴ. 

ƿ ۵ -> ǻ ְų ο (blower motor) ִ

۵ ϳ on/off ǰ -> ׿ ִ

۵ ϳ ٶ ϸ -> line ׷ ̰ų, ο (blower motor) ִ .

ٶ ϰ ÿ ʰų ٶ ϸ

<ø >

<øŰ > øž ʴ

< > øž Ǵµ (° ) øž ȳ

<ø(fiip) ø > Ǵ < >

Ǹ ο Ϳ ī  ȸ ִ. 10 km û ִ ͵ .

⸦ ҸŰ ʴ´. 90 ߰ſ ð ̿ϱ ̴. ׷ 꿡 ٶ ʴ´.

ڵ line Ҹ 500 rpm ߰ ҿdz (Ḧ ߰ ), line Ḧ Ҹ ʴ ̴.

ݴ, ڵ ٶ ϹǷ Ҹ û ȴ.

10.  ž (washer water) line – ϸ Ͱ 峭. ÷ ؾ Ѵ.

, ̶ ѹ ѷ־ ϴ ȭ ִ.

׸, Ϻδ ž ִµ, ߼ ִ ž Ͽ ų Ƿ,

Ǿ ִ ߼ Ϲ ž ؾ Ѵ.

 

1 10 ſ ؾ Ѵ.

100 ָ Ҵ ڵ ڵ Ѿ Ǵµ, ڵ ڸ 1 ~ 5 6 & 7 ̷ 6 , 5, 8, 9, 10 line 4 ȴ. Ư 5 line ߿伺 ſ µ, Ǵ ͸ (, ) ٽ ̴.

 

ش ڵ 4ܰ ٸ.

1ܰ. > δ.

2ܰ. > δ. ̰ ü ϴ ƴ϶, ش 縦 ַ ϴ 缳ü Ѵ.

3ܰ. > ϴ. 쿡 󼭴, 4ܰ īͺ ٶϰų ִ.

4ܰ. > ġ ƴ϶ ϴ. ϸ ī.

4ܰ ϴ ڰ ɷ ־ ⸦ ʴ´.

4 , 缳 Ҹ ľϴ  ¥ ش 缳 ü ش ü  .

ڵ ٽ ǰ Ͽ 2ε, ̰ ϴ ü ΰ ۿ .

ϳ (μ , BMW BMW ) ַ ϴ ü ǰ ɷ ƴ϶ ִ Ͽ ͱ ̻ Ǹ, ϴ.

 

ڵ(Internal combustion engine car) ٽ ǰ ϳ 顦 κ (engine) ̴. 翬 Ŵ´. ݴ, ڵ ٽ , ִ. ̿ Ͽ 켱 ð µ , ûҿ , (, , м, ȭ÷)  ̰ڴ.

 

ð ũ λ꿰 (Phosphate) , Ի꿰 (Silicate) , (Organic Acid) 迭 ִ. ڵ λ꿰 迭 ε ַ ϰ, ڵ Ի꿰 迭 ε Ѵ. ̶ ǰڴ. ð ü ֱ 3~4 ˷ , Ե ð Ȯ ľϰ ó ʿ䰡 ִ. ð ִµ, ǥ ð 250,000km Ǵ 15 üֱ Ͽ ǻ ȯ ̴. , 𸣰 ڵ ð 3~4⿡ ȯ Ͽٸ ε 3~4⸶ ȯ ؾ Ѵ. Ϲ ڵ ð(ε) ȯ 뵵 κп ū ִ ϰڴ. , ֱ ð Ѳ  ¸ Ȯ ƾ Ѵ. ߿ ϴ ؾ ϸ, Ǿ ȯ ο ξ Ѵ.

ٸ ð ؼ ū . 2016 Ǫ Ÿ̾ üϷ Ÿ̾ ȯ 湮 ִ. , ܸ ֽ e-Ŭ ϸ Ÿ̾ 󸶳İ 忡 ݰ ϴٰ 桯Ͽµ, Ǹ ô, üũ µ ð ϰ ٰ, ð ¥ ޶ ϴ ȿ TV ־.

Ÿ̾ ȯ ð üϴ Ϳ ؼ, Ǿ ۿ ܸ ð ϴ ۾ Ҵµ, Ķ ε ؾ Կ ڵ ϴ ε ְ ־. ٰ ȵǴµ Ķ εεϰ ӻ̴, ϸ ٽ ð ¦ ߷ ڼ ̴. ̰ 湮ϴ κ ڵ ü̹Ƿ 翬 ʷϻ 迭 Ǵ ̸, Ķ 迭 ε ̴. 鼭 ƹ , ƹ ٴ ׳ ð δ. ܸ Ƹ Ÿ̾ ΰ üϿ, ¥ ð Ͽٰ ڶϸ鼭 ˶ ̶ ڶ ʹ.

ð ǿܷ ϴ. ش εװ 50:50 ȴ. Ȥ Ĵ ǰ ִµ Ű ʾƵ ȴ. , ð ̹Ƿ ڰ ؼ ȵǸ ݵ īͿ ؾ Ѵ. , 극ũ ΰ ̹Ƿ Ǽ ƹ ȵȴ. ð ϴ ̴. (ϼ) Ƿ ̰ ڵ ð ϸ ȴ. , ð ϴ Ǵ ؾ Ѵ.

 

ѱ ð µ ǥѴٱ ٴ δ. ü ð µ 85 ܿ µ ȭ ־ ٴ Ǿ ִ. ݸ ð µ ǥϿ δ. ó ѱ Ÿٰ ð µ ̴ Ϳ Ҿϰ ڲ Ĵٺ Ǿµ, Ÿ µ ǥϴ ð µ Ǿ, ѱ ݰ µ Ҿ Ǿ. ð ƹ (water pump) ӽŸƮ(thermal starter) ð Ǵ ߻ϹǷ ð δ ðδ ִ ƴ϶ ݵ ðµ Բ Ѵ. Ȥ ð µ ְ ð µ  ִ ִ 찡 ִ ˰ ִ. ǰδ ü ϴ ϴٰ ǴѴ. µ ü ִµ, µ 쿡 µ ٴ ̹Ƿ θ , 쿡 ð ǰ θ Ǵ ִ ̴.

ð µ ڵ ٽ ߿ ϳ. ׷ ڵ ÿ 峪 ڸ Ű ð µ ٸ 3 (ӵ, RPM, ) Բ Ÿ. ð µ ϴ ϴ. ڵ Ա (radiator) ִµ ̰ Ͽ ߰ſ ð 鼭 µ ȴ. ׷ ⼭ µ  ʿϴ. ð µ ʹ Ƶ ȵǸ () ʹ Ƶ () ȵȴ. ð µ 85 ( 80 ~ ӿ 90 ). 80 Ϸ ǴܵǾ ȿ , 90 ̻ ö󰡸 μ ̼ ϸ Ѵ. ׸, ð 帣 ڵ ǰ( , ð ȣ, ) ȭŲ.

Ϳ ŸƮ(thermostat) ǰ Ǿ ־, ð ּ µ Ѵ. ſ µ ǥõǾ ִµ ǥ 89 , µ 89 ǹϿ 10 Ʒ 79 Ѵٴ ǹѴ. ϸ ð µ 89 Ͽ 79 ٰ ִ. ſ ġ ޷ ִ (ڽ) Ϲ () µ Ϲ ſ ݸ, ġ ޷ִ 10 . , ޷ ִ ġ µ ع޴µ, . ð¸ ſ ¿ϴ ƴ϶, 쿡 󼭴 Ͽ Ƿ ֵ ϴ . Ѵٰ Ͽ ð ϴ ƴ϶, ڽ ſ ȿ ִ ſ Ķ ð ϴ ƴ϶ ϴ ϸ ȴ. Ϲ ġ ޷ִ ſ µ ڵ ޸ Ǿ ִٰ ȴ. GM ũ ڵ ſ ǥε, 109 ִ. 98 Ͽ 109 ǹѴ. ̷ Ⱑ پ ִ ſ ڵ   پ ð ô޸ ȴ.

, ̷ Ⱑ پִ ſ ϴ ڵ ̼ 𷯸 ý Ͽ ýĿ Żϴ ϸ, ȸ ȴٸ ڽĿ µ 浵 ٶϴ. ׸, ŸƮ ǰ ̵ Ƿ ε ȯ ֱ⿡ ߾ ȯϴ õѴ.

ݴ ð ϴ ðӰ µ . ڵ ð µ ġ ð µ پ ִ Ҵ. ðӵ 2 찡 Ҵ. µ ġ 89 ۵Ǿ ð ȸ ֵ ϸ, µ µ 98 ӵ ۵Ű dz ̰ų, ð ϳ ڵ 쿡 ȸ ӵ ECU Ѵ. 70~80 ڵ ð µ ġ µ ۵ϴ ƴ϶ ѹƮ ¹ ׽ ư Ǿ ־. ̷ ڵ 翬 õ ʿ ð ɸ ߻Ѵ.

ü ð ð Ű, ϰ ̼ 𷯷 ð Ѿ Ѵ.

ڵ ڱ׸ 𷯰 ִµ, ð ǵϴ ǰ̴. ð µ 80 쿡 ȯ ؼ 100 Ѵ. ݸ ð µ 90 Ѿ 110 ̻ ö󰡰 ǹǷ .

ð 簡 ϴ κδ ӽŸƮ ð ǰ ü ð ۾ ʴ 찡 ߻Ѵ. ̴ ڵ ġ Ų. ð µ Ư ̴ 쿡 Ư ִ , ð µ ð µ ִ ۵ ð µ Ǿ Կ ð Ⱑ ÿ µ ¿ ߴ δ. µ ƴ϶ RPM ó 귯 Ҹ 鸰ٸ ð Ⱑ ִٴ ǹ̷μ ð Ⱑ ִٰ ǽϴ ̷ ׽Ʈ Ѵ. ش 缳 Ұ Һ ̷ 񿡼 IJ ϴ ü ִ. ũ ð ĸ(𿡾 ĸ) ִ ڵ ƴϸ 븸 ִ ķ . ð ĸ ִ ڵ ð ĸ 򵥱⸦ Ű õ ɸ ð 帣鼭 ش 򵥱 Ⱑ Ǵµ 򵥱 ð ϸ ȴ. ֱ ڵ ð ĸ 븸 ִ ڵ 쿡 ۵ ߰ Ʈ ġ Ƶθ ð ϸ鼭 ش ⵵ Բ Ǵµ 뿡 ð ϸ ȴ. Ͽ찡 ʾƵ ʺ ð ⸦ Կ ̻ϰ ø ⸦ ϴ 찡 û ⸦ ʰ εϴ ó ϵ . Ѹ ö ذ ̷Ƿ °ܸ ȵǰ Ѻ ʿ䰡 ִ.

 

ݵ ؾϴ ǰ ִٸ? Ÿֺ̹Ʈ (Timing Belt) 迭̴. Ǵ Ϲ Ÿֹ̹Ʈ 80,000km Ѵ. ׷ TG ׷ Ÿֹ̹Ʈ () Ÿֹ̹Ʈμ 120,000 ~ 150,000km ͵ ִ. ׺ Ÿ̹ü (Timing Chain) μ 200,000kmμ δ ݿ ȴ. Ÿֹ̹Ʈ ȯ Ƿ ǰ Ѳ ü ϴ 鿡 ٶϴ.

 

ݸ ̼ 쿡 ڵ ޸ ð Ų. ̼ µ ð µó 85 . ̼ 105 Ѿ ̼ ϸ, 120 Ѿ ó Ͽ ӱ ü ߻Ѵ. ̷ ¿ Ǽ ̼ ߻ϰų ϸ ʴٰ ڱ ϸ鼭 ƨ . ׷, 쿡 ̼ µ 40 . ̼ д ȸ ̴. ݴ, ̼ µ 40 ϰ Ǹ ̼ ߵ Ͽ Ǵ ߻Ѵ. ̰ ̼ (lock)̶ θ. , ܿ ִ ѱ ý ̼ 𷯸 ݵ ̼ 긦 ؾ ִ.

ϼ ý ̼ 𷯷 ð Ű, ڵ ð ý ̼ 𷯸 ϸ, Ϳ θ  ̰ ̼ 帣 Ͽ Ų. ð 85 ܰ ƴ 95 ̻ Ǿ ִ ڵ̸鼭 ̼ ý ڵ ̼ µ Ͽ ̼ ٺ Ż ٶ ִ. ռ ̾߱ѹó ̷ 쿡 ý ̼ 𷯸 ؾ Ѵ.

̼ µ ΰ Ϸ ΰϴ. ̼ µ(80 ) Ϸ ٷ ڵ Ÿ.

 

κ ڵ 150,000km ܿ ̼ Ȧ(overhaul) ϴ . ׷ ݵ ʿ ڵ ϰ ̸ ̼ ٸ ʿ µ ̼ δ ð ִ. 켱 ڽ ڵ ̼ ˾ƾ Ѵ. ̼ Ͱ ٵ ȿ ־ ̼ ʰ ͸ ü ̼ Ͱ ̼ ȿ ִ ΰ . ״ Ϳ ó ̹ ҷμ ̼ ü ֱ ü Ͽ ϴµ ó ̼ ο Ͱ ִ 쿡 ׹翡 ū ̹ ɷ ϸ ̹ ʴ´. ڿ ̼ ϴ ü ̼ ݿ ü ʾƵ ȴٰ ȫ ϴµ ڵ ƴ ٵ ۿ . ״ ݿ ʱ . ̼ ״ ̹ Ÿ Ƿ ڿ ̼Ǻ ̼ ü ֱ⸦ ϴ ٶϸ, ̹ ̼ ٵ ̼Ǻ ۿ . ̼ ٵ𿡴 ̵ַ ε ִµ ̰ ̹ ȴٸ ο 帣 п ۿ . ̼ ðŰ ð µ  Ǿ ִ ԰ ؾ Ѵ. ð µ ũ 88 Ǵ ڵ 98 ð ڵ ִ. ̼ µ ־ ΰ ǰ̶ ȴ! ̼ǹٵ ̹ ΰ 켱 ð 98 ð ̼ µ ڵ ̼ ٵ ο ̼ â ̼ ߻ϰ ȴ. Ǽ͸ Ƶ ư ʰ ִٰ ڱ ġ ߻Ѵ. ̷ ڵ ( Ѵ ) 90 Ϸ ð ߰ų ̼ 𷯸 ð и ̼ 𷯷 ý ٲٸ ذȴ. ̼ ٵ ̹ δٸ 98 ƴ϶ ó õ Ѽ ̴ ðÿ ߰ ߻ϰ Ǵµ, ̹ ̼ ٵ ο ̼ 帧 ǹǷ ̼ 帧 ߻ϴ ̴. ̷ ð ̼Ƕ(lock) ߻ϸ鼭 ְ ϰ ̼ ߻ϸ鼭 ߰ ȴ. ̴ ̷ а ðÿ ϰ µ ö ؾ ϸ ̼ Ȧ ƴ϶ ̼ǿ پ ִ ̼ ٵ üؾ Ѵ. ü ̼ ٵ پ ִ ̵ַ 鵵 Բ üǾ Ѵ. ׷ Ǵµ ݾ ̼ ü Ȧ̶ ް ȴٴ ʿ䰡 ִ. ٵ üϿ ̼ ӿ ִٸ ܰ ̼ Ȧ ϴµ κ ڵ ̼ Ȧ ̸ 켱 15 km ܿ ̼ ٵ üϸ Ǵ ڵ κ̶ ȴ.

 

 ڵ ̼ ȯ̶ ȫ ϴµ, ŷؼ ȵȴ.  ġ Ϸ ȯ Ѵٴ . 4 ƽ ̼DZ 80,000km ̼ ȯϸ Ǵµ (ܼ 4 ̻ 쿡 ü ֱ⸦ ̺ ª ܰ Ѵٴ ) ̰ Ÿֹ̹Ʈ ȯ ֱ 80,000km ٰ ȴ. , Ÿֹ̹Ʈ 2° ȯ (, ι° ̼ ȯ ) ̼ Ȧ(overhaul) ϴ õѴ. ׷ ̼ Ȧ ݾ ҿǹǷ (Ư ) 160,000km ܿ ٸ ̼ Ϳ ϸ üϸ ȴ. , 80,000km ̼ ȯϸ鼭 ̼ 뿡 ü ϴ ǰ ִ. ٷ ٵ in-out 2 ̵ַ 걳ü. ̶ ݵ ǰ ü ϵ ؾ ϸ ̼ Ȧ ʾ Ȯ ö ̴. ׷ ̼ ġ ٸ.

 

(1)    ̼ǿ ٴڿ ־ װ͸ ϰ Բ ȿ ִ ̼ Ϳ ԰ ü ϴ , ̵ .

(2)    ̼ǿ ü ̼ ο ̼ǿͰ ִ 찡 ִ. ̵ . ̼ ͸ üϱ Ͽ ̼ Ȧ ȴ. ̷ ̼ Ǿ ־ ȯ̶ ȫ ϴµ Ͼ ȵǸ, 80,000km 巹 ̼ ȯ ϰ, 160,000km ̼ ̼ǿ ȯ ؾ Ѵ.

 

̼ǿ 2 <> ϰ ȴ.

(1)    Ͱ ٴ ο ־ ȯ ϰ ϴ. شѴ. <40,000km> ȯϸ ȴ.

(2)    Ͱ ũ ü Ǿ ־ ͸ üϱ Ͽ ǵ ϴ ۾ ʿϴ. ָ شѴ. <80,000km> ȯֱ Ǵµ ָ & Ͱ ü̾ ٴ ̴.  ü ͸ ü ͵ ִ. ׷ 20km Ѱܼ Ϲ Ƽ ̵ ȯ ظ ϴ . EŬ 3,000cc 15 Ǵ 25km ȯֱ Ǿ Ȳ ȤȲ̹Ƿ ̸ Ͼ ȵǸ ش Ŵ ϴ Ȳ .

üñ⸦ ġ Ÿ ߻Ѵ.

 

2020 ġ(transmission) ũ 4 еȴ.

-                 ӱ (Mannual Transmission): ڰ Ŭġ д Ͽ ϴ ӱ

-                 ڵӱ (Automatic Transmission): ũ(ü 帧) ̿

-                 DCT (Dual Clutch Transmission): ٰտ DSG θ. 2 Clutch Ȧ ¦  Ͽ Ͽ ݾ ս δ.

ڵӱó ϸ鼭 ӱ⺸ ﰢ ༺ ̴ ڵκ äǰ ִ.

-                 CVT (ܺӱ)

ӱ ڵӱ ε, DCT CVT ȯ 鿡 ž ֱٿ ӱ̴. DCT CVT ȿ پ ׿ Ͽ ӱ̸,  ִ. ܿ Ǫ Ư â (P   ߸ ¿ 극ũ ؾϴ) MCP ӱ⵵ ־µ (ӽ ܷ ) Ͽ 忡 ܸ ˰ ִ. ϴ ӱ ʷ ϰ κ ڵ ü ϰ ִ < 4 ڵӱ>. ڵӱ 4 5, 6, 7, ܼ ȭ õ ϰ 4 ڵ ϴٰ . 鿡 ڸ 4 ٶϴ. ϸ 翬 û ߿伺 Ѵ. ð 带ϡ Ҵ ϸ, ־ û ð غ ڵ ߿伺 ġ ȴ!

 

߻ ġ ġ ӱ ó ܰ踦 ġ ȴ.

-> ũũ (crankshaft, ǽ պ  ȸ  ٲٴ ) -> ö (Flywheel, ũũ ȸ ϰ ) -> ӱ ( Ŭġ (Clutch), ڵ ũ, DCT, CVT)

 

ӱ Ŭġ ȯÿ Ŭġ Disk, Ŭġ з (), (з оִ) Release (bearing) 3 ⺻ ȯ ǰ̸ ü ö ٸ ǰ ̻ ߰ߵǸ ߰ üϸ Ǵµ Ϻ ϰ ö ǰ ݿ ü ʴ ǰ̶ ȴ. ڵ ӱ ü Ŭġ ũ (torque convertor) ġ Ѵ. ׷, ü Ŭġ ũ ο Ŭġ(damper clutch)[Ǵ Ŭġ(lock-up clutch)] ǰ ִµ, Ư ( RPM ̻[ 2,000 RPM ̻], 60km/h ̻, µ 50 ̻) ̼ Ѽ ӱ ó Ŭġ ۵ǰ ǹǷ ũ ȿ 100% ǹǷ ü Ŭġ ȴ. Ͱ ġ ٴ Ÿ Ŭġ( Ŭġ) ִ.

 

ӱ Ͽ ߿ ġδ ִ ӱ⸦ ϴ (Change Lever, Shift Lever)̶ ϰڴ.

(P), (R), ߸(N), (D) Ǿ ִ.

ũ ̺ ӱ(SBC, Shift By Cable) ڽ ӱ(SBW, Shift By Wire) еǾ, ڵ ̺ ӱ ̾µ ڽ ӱ⸦ äϰ ִ.

ڵ ڸ – ڵ ϰ ϰ ϰ ߸ϴ – ڽ ӱ 翬ϴ.

ֵ ڽ ӱ⸦ ä ڸ Ծ. Ծ ӱ⸦ ״̾ (Jog dial) ȸϴ ڽ ӱ⸦ äϿ.

׷ δ ڽĺٴ ̺ ȣѴ. ڵ ׷ ڽ ߻ ġ̴. ѿ P Ҵµ D νϴ Ȳ̶?

 

ڵ RPM 󿡴 μ

(1) ָ ȭ

(2) ̵ ȭ ϰ Բ ⿡

(3) ȭ÷, м, ȭ ȭ ҷ (, Ǹ ϳ ȭ ҷ 쿡 ̶ ٴ Ÿ Ÿ.)

(4) ˸ ȭ ˸ ġ

ſ ε ִٴ ó ڵ ϳ ٴ 켱 ҿ ðܼ ȵǸ ϴ ڵ ǰ Ȳ ˰ ־ Ѵ.

ݴ ӽ ӽÿ RPM ü μ ӱ⿡ Ҹǰ ϴµ װ Ŭġ(clutch) ǰ ִµ Ŭġ ȭ . Ŭġ ȸ ̿Ͽ ӱ Ű ǰ̴. 翬 ϸ ȴ. Ŭġ ſ Ǹ Clutch Slip(Ŭġ ) ߻Ѵ. ް (Ŭġ ) ȸ ϸ鼭 ӱ ޵ Ͽ ӷ ϴ Ѵ. Ŭġ ̴ Ǵ з ߻Ѵ. 쿡 Ŭġ ¸ Ŭġ ̴ ȴ.

(1)   ӱ Ŭġ (Ŭġ , ÷ġ з(), Ŭġ ): 150,000km ܿ ü ؾ ϴµ 100,000km 180,000μ д.

(2)   쿡 󼭴 ũũ Ʈ Ŭġ ߰ ִ ö(flywheel) ȭ: ڵ õ̴. ٺδ ڵ ȯ ǰε ִٸ üؾ Ѵ.

 

ڵ ٽ ǰ Ѵ.

ڵ ٽ  . 켱 Ḧ Ǹ лϴ (MPI, multi-point injection) Ǵ лϴ (GDI, gasoline direct injection) . ˰ ִ ڵ л ̴. GDI MPI ĺ ȿ ٴ , ߻Ѵ. , Ŀ, ο Ⱑ , ȭǸ, ǰ . , ǰ ſ ª ð ɰ Ƿ, ϸ ð 迭 뷮 뷮 ͸ ޴ ¿ ִ.

ָ ķ ϰ, cc ڵ, л(direct injection) л(multi-point injection, MPI) Ѵ. ׸, ƴ  dzĿ . ڵ , ڵ ִ.

ǰ ⼺ Ŀ ȿ , Ⱓ ģ ̿ Ŀٴ & ũ ȿ ڵ ȣѴ. , л(GDI) ĺٴ л(MPI)̸鼭 Ϲ ߵ ִ 10.5:1 ڵ̸鼭 ( ֹ RON ߾ ִ 10.8:1 ū ), ܼ ý ȣϴ. ׸, BSM ڵ 1,600cc MPI , ȿ dz Ű BSM(Balance Shaft Module) ִ ڵ ȣѴ.

Ϻ ڵ 翡 MPI äϰ MPI+̺긮 Ѿ ִ. ƿ GDI+MPI Ͽµ, ״ Ϻδ Ǹ лϸ, Ϻδ MPI ϴ ̴. ƿ δ ȿ ٳ ű Ϻ ڽŵ 迡 ƿ ̿ ִµ ƿ ǰ߿ Ǹ Ѵٸ鼭 δ ׳ MPI Ѵٴ .

ѱ ڵ ƴ϶ ڵ ü鵵 GDI äϴ ִµ, ٺ ⺻ äϴ ݸ ѱ Ϲ ⺻ Ȱ ִ ִ. , ڵ ȭ Ѵ޿ ѹ Ʈ  ¸ ڰ ϰ ϸ ä쳪, ѱ ׷ . , GDI ڵ ϴ ȯ ѱ ȯ濡 ߻ ̰ ִ.

ġ 忡 شϰ, ԵǴ ġ װ ٰ ȴ. 忡 갡 ֵ, 갡 ִ. ü Ȱ ¿ ɹڼ Ӹ ƴ϶, 1ȸ () ̰ , ̰ ߻Ѵ.

BMW ڵ ū ʴ ϳ ýۿ ִ. BMW Ʈδ(Valvetronic)̶ Ī οϿ BMW ϰ , Ư㰡 ־ ٸ . ̷ ̳, BMW ȸ 갡 ȭȴ. ̰ ̵ ̵ üϴ ſ ε巴, ȿ û ̰ . ׷ BMW ܰó ε巴Ͽ Ű (silky engine)̴. , ݵǴ ְ . Ʈδ 强 Ƽ Ͽ ϸ, ÿ ǰ Ӻ ûٴ ִ. , װ ȿ κ κп ٽ ȴ. 2010 ʹݿ ڵ 2.0 CVVL̶ Ī ⵵ Ͽ.

, 16:1 .

 

ѱ 찡 . , Ϸ ð Ѵ޿ ѹ ϴ , δ ڽ ٴ (stick) Ϸ ϴ ڵ ȣѴ.

ڵ ʺڵ Ҹǰ 1 ̴. , dz ռ ٴ ̴. ׷ ռ ٶ ߸ ν ִ. ռ ̳, ̿ ִٸ ڵ ģм ٴ ̴. 帣 Ȯ Ͽ (Swelling ) к . ׷ ռ Ȯ  ȭ . , ռ ϴ ִ ̴. Ҽ ؼȭ Ų ( ص ) VHVI (Severely Hydrogenated Heavy Paraffinic Distillate) 迭̸鼭 Ⱑ ؼ ߻ ̴ Ȳ Ȱ Ѵ. ݰ 鿡 () ְ ǴܵǾ ֺ õ Ѵ. VHVI PAO 迭 ռ ݰ ϸ鼭 ռ پ ϰ ִ, VHVI 迭 Ȱ ÷ ؼ PAO ׸ Ͽ ٰ ˷ , PAO 迭 ռ , 迭 ׷ ٴ ִ. ڵ PAO 迭 ռ Ϲ Ƴ ʰ ϰ , ̻ ڵ ˷ ȭ ߻Ͽ üϴ ʰ ٴ ִ. ó PAO ESP Formula 5W30 Ͽ, 迡 ϴ мϰ Super 3000 5W30 Ѵ.

ִġ ġ ִµ ߰ ϴ. ִġ ̻ ϸ ϰ ɸ Ǹ, Ϸ ϸ ϴٴ ǹѴ. ÿ ð ġ ٸٴ ̴. ÿ ϵ ̰ Ƿ ÿ Max Min ߰ ִ ٶϴ. ðÿ κ 뿡 ̹Ƿ ö󰡰 ǹǷ ð Max ƾ Ѵ. ڵ Է ٸ ȯÿ ԰ 90% ϴ ð Max Ƿ ԰ݴ 100% ƾ Ѵ. E280 ԰ Ϸ 8L̳ 7.5L(1L 7 + ) ϸ, Ǫ 307cc ԰ Ϸ 5L̳ 4.5L(1L 4 + ) ϸ, 1.6 ԰ Ϸ 3.3L̳ 3L(1L 3) ϴ ϸ ԰ݴ ð Max ʰϰ ǹǷ ؾ Ѵ.

׸, Ѵ. ϴ 5W30 W 5 õ ǹϰ, W 30 100 ǹѴ. , õ Ȱ ǹѴٰ ȴ. ð µ 85 ̸, µ 100 ̴. ڵ ð µ ƴ϶ µ赵 ִ 찡 ִ. κ ڵ ð µ ߰ 90 Ǿ ִ ̿ ̸, µ ߰ġ 100 Ǿ ִ ̿ . , 100 ̻ ö󰡸 ڵ ִ ִٴ ο ξ Ѵ.

ѱ κ 5W20, 5W30, 5W40 ̷ 3 κ ȴ. ڽ õ ϴ ߿ϴ. ̰ 5W30 ѱ ϸ, ڵ 忡 5W30 Ǵ 5W40 õ Ǿ ־, 5W40 5W30 Ҵµ, 5W30 õ , Դ. ڽ ڵ ڽ ϸ ȴ. Ϲ ⺻ õ 2W20 , ֹ 5W30 , 5W40 .

ٸ δ ð µ ( µ) ַ ϴ RPM (MPI, GDI, ͺ, ) ȴ. ߿ ð µ ( µ). ð µ( µ) õǾ ִ ڵ̸ (ð µ 85 ( µ 100 )), RPM 2,000 RPM ۵ϴ ڵ̸ MPI ̶ 5W30 ϸ ū . ݸ ð µ õǾ ִ ڵ (95 ) µ 5W40 ϴ ٶϴ.

׸, ߿ Ȱ ۿ̳ Ÿ û ۿ ð ۿ뵵 ִ. ˰ ϴ ü ȭ ƴ ̻ û ۿ뿡 ̴. , ü ϴ ̴. ϰų 帧 ִٸ ü µ ޻¿ Ͽ ļ̳ ϸ ȭ ߻ ߻ Ƿ Ǹ ؾ ϴµ, Ư ҸŰ ſ ڰ Ͽ ؾ Ѵ.

Ÿ Ż ذ ȵǰ Ȳ ϳ Ҹ. ֱ⿡ ߾ ȯ Ҹ 鸦 ϰ Ʈ  ϴ 찡 Ϲ . Ǹ ̼ Ȩ ־ ҸŰ Ǿ ִٰ ̾߱ϴ ְ, ۵ µ ̸ ݼӿâ Ͽ ؼ ׷ٴ ִ. Ǿ, 2,000cc ڵ ִ 0.5l/1,000km, 3,000cc ڵ ִ 0.8l/1,000km ҸŲ. ̻ ҸŰ ִ μ ϰų ü ؾ Ѵ. (Ϻ µ) Ҹ 򰡵 · 򰡵ȴ. Ÿ ̶ Ѵ޿ ѵι Ʈ  ϴ ʼ. ħ ϰ Ÿٰ .

 

< ü (, ܺη 巯 ʴ) ϰ ҸǴ >δ ( ȭ) < ̵ > ļ̰ų <ǽ渵 ջ>̰ų < ũġ>. ũġ 100km Ÿ̰ų ð Ͽ ı ջ̰ų BSM ۵ ִ. ǽ渵 ջ 쿡 û ȴ. ǽ渵 ջ̳ ũġ Ȧ̶ û ߻ϴ μ Ÿ Ϲ ݵ ߻ϴ ƴϳ, ̵ ( ƽ) ߻ϴ Ҵ.  Ǹ ( 10 ) ̵ ȭ Ҹ ߻ , κ δ Ÿֹ̹Ʈ 2 (8 km x 2ȸ = 16 km) ̵ ȯϸ Ǹ ش. ӿ Ҹ , Ƚ ִ ̴. , ̵ ( ) ջ Ҹ ߰ < > ϸ ̿ < > ǰ <˸ >Ű 縦 ҷ´. ˸ 鿡 ġ Ƿ ̵ ( ) ſ ߿ ִ.

̵ ( ƽ) ȭ ª ȭ Ǵ 쵵 ,  Ÿ ûǾ ִ. , ش ̵ ȯ ս ޵ ְ,  Ȧ ޵ ̵ ʴ ִ. Ϳ ̵ ʰ Ȧ Ѵ. ̵ ȯ ϴ 缳 ü ľؼ ؾ ƹ 缳 ҳ ʴ´.

ϳ⿡ ѹ ð ̵ ġ ľ 1,000km ð ȭ Ҹ ľ ڸ ̵ ¸ ľ Ƿ Ѵ. ðúٴ ÿ ġ Ʒ ǹǷ ݵ õ ðø ٶϴ.

翬 ̳̾߱ Ҹ Ͽ¡(oil filter housing) Ŀ Ŀ(rocker arm cover) ܺ ٴ ̾ ǹϴٴ Ͽ ܺ ⸦ ؾ Ѵ.

 

< ΰ ƴ 巯 > < > ϸ ̿ < > <ȭ> ̾ ִ. Ư ڵ ü öƽ Ǿ ִ Ŀ ִ ڵ 쿡 öƽ ü ɼ ſ ⿡ δٸ ȭ ɼ Ŀ. ټ  ȴٸ ϴ ſ ź ݼ Ҹ Ÿ̹ Ʈ Ͽ <߰ > ϸ鼭 < ü ջ> ִ. , ܺη ٴ ʰ ټǺ ų ü öƽ ̴ ڵ ɰ Ȱ ִٰ ȴ.

, ٴ ִ ̳, ص ݾ ҸǴ 翬ϴ. Ư, 쿡 ص ֱ ¸ ڰ ϴ ʼ . ҿ ȯϿ ϴ ִġ Ͽ ִ. ȸ ڵ ȯϿ ð ̸ ִ ߰ ŭ ˰ ִ. ȯϴ 5,000km ȯ Ͽµ Ҹ ¿ ªª 5,000km ȯ Ͽ 𸣰 Ͽ ִ ̴. ׷鼭 Ҹ ٶ ǴϿ ִٴ ̴.

 

2 κп ߻ϹǷ Ʒ 찡 ߻Ѵٸ ߻ϴ 翬 ̹Ƿ ʾƵ ȴ.

ù°, PCV ( ۷ [oil seperator] з Ŀ Ŀ (rocker arm cover gasket,   è(intake valve chamber))

          PCV (crankcase vavle Ǵ oil separator) ü

          Ŀ Ŀ ü

°, ȭ

        ġÿ ϰ ð ȥյǴ ߻ Ƿ ٷ ü ؾ Ѵ. ð ũ ̸ ̹ յ ٴѴ.

          ϸ üص dz, 10 km ̻ Ǿ ߻Ͽٸ Ϳ 𷯿 ü ü õѴ.

          ʾҴµ ߻Ѵٸ PCV ü з 1 ִ.

ΰ ڵ 10 km ̻ ؾ ϹǷ 10 km Ǿ ƹ ڵ PCV ( ۷ 극) ϸ ü Ѵٸ ݵ ̴ĥ ū Ƴ ִ.

 

ڵ ٽ Ҵ?

״ ߿ ġ̹Ƿ ̵ָ ̵ µ ٽ̴.

<1> ð µ 90 Ǿ ϸ( 88 Ͱ ǵ ), <2> Ϸ ־ Ѵ( 1,000cc 2.5L ̻). 1,000cc 2.5L ̻ 踦 ؾ Ҹ ߻ ð Ͽ ǰ ȭ ڵ ȭ縦 ִ. ׷ ð µ 90 Ѱ ȴٸ ȿ Ƿ ְ 伺 Ƿ ̽ ڵ Ϲ ð µ 90 ̻ 踦 Ѵ. ׷ ״ ̽ ڵ̹Ƿ ϴ ƴϹǷ 迡 ð µ 90 Ѱ ȴٴ ð , ȭ, ̼ , ־ ȭ پ Ȱ ȴٰ ִ. , ۿ ̿ܿ ð ۿ ִµ 1,000cc 2.5L ̻ ڵ GDI ó Ҹ µ ȭ ִ. 1,000cc 2.5L ̻ 谡 ȴٸ ڵ ϴٰ Ȥ Ҹ ߻Ѵٰ Ͽ ѵ Ϸ ȴٸ ȵǴ ߻ ִ ̴. Ϸ ڵ ִ. ٷ ð ªٴ ְ ̿ ȴ. ׷ ̸ ڵ ݵ µ 1 ٽ 踦 ؾ Ѵ.

 

ľ ٷδ ð ϴ ̸, ð ⺻ ö GM ǴѴ. ð ý (1) ڽ ٴ ܼ ó ܼ ƾ ϸ, (2) 83 ŸƮ(thermostat) 88 ŸƮ ð Ǿ Ѵٴ ⺻ öп  ƾ Ѵٰ Ǵϴµ, κ ̷ Ǿִ. ̷ ֽ ڵ ΰ öп  ڵ ø ϴµ ׷ Һڵ 뿡 Ѵ. ڵ ð ٵ ȭ簡 ٴ ϴ¡ ڵ κ ΰ öп  ð ý ä 巯. ڵ Ǫ 307cc 쿡 ÿ ȿ ߱ϴٺ (ο: µ Ǵ پǷ ȿ 鿡 ð µ ִ 88 ִ 98 ø ڵ ) ŸƮ µ 83 ƴ 93 Ͽ ŸƮ µ 88 ƴ 93 ŸƮ ϴ ð Ը Ͽ. ƴ ڽ ŸƮ Ͽ 輱 ߻ ð ý stop̶ ġ Ͽ. ̷ ð ߵ ؼ ð ȣ 뿡 ð ȣ , µ , ư ̼ µ ޾ ̼ ó ޺Ͽ ̼ پ ߻ϰ Ǿ Һڵ 뿡 ȴ. EGR ý ä ڵ ð ɷ ȭ ɼ ϰ ȴ. ڵ ߸ 巯 ٸ ڵ ȸ ޸ ǰ ϴ ڼ Ѵ. Ǫ 307cc Ϳ ǰ ü ־µ ڽ ŸƮ ŸƮ̸ 83 88 Ǵ ǰ ü ־ ذϿ. ų 翡 ŸƮ 踦 ⺻ ö ϴ GM̴. i30 ġ ڵ õ ġ ڵ i30 ɰϴ ڵ ִ ľ ־µ GM ũ5 ߰Ͽ. ׷ ġ̰Ե ŸƮ ڽĿٰ µ 83 ~ 88 ƴ 98 ~ 109 ڵ ľϿ ݰ Բ ڵ ִ. ƴϳ ٸ GM ũ5 ڵ ð ̳ ̼ پ ,  Һڵ ŸƮ 帱(drill) Ծ ð Ϻΰ ͷ 帣 Ͽ ð µ ߴ ϴ ľϿ. Ƽ SUV ڵ õ SUV ڵ Ƽ ɰϴ ڵ ִ ľ ־µ GM (̸ ) Ʈ ߰Ͽ. ׷ ̶ ġ̰Ե ŸƮ ⺻ öκ ɰϰ ְǾ ڵ ľ Ǿ. ̰ ° µ Ͽ ڽ ŸƮ Ͽ ȿ Ͽµ μ ϰ ġ θ ڵ ִ. ó ð ŸƮ 踦 ľϿ ڵ Ǵ Ѵٴ  ߴ. ׷ ڵ ( ̼ ٴ Ͽ) ð ý ߿ Ǵϸ ڵó ϰ ϸ 83 & 88 ŸƮ ְ ǴѴ.

 

Ÿٰ Ż ϱ ϳ ؾ Ϲ ؾ ̴. ׷, ͳ̳ ֺ ǰ Ϲ ǰߵ ְ ִٶ ǰߵ ְ ȥ Ѵ. ׷ ǰߺٴ ؾ ̴.

Ϲ ֹ߷ (RON 92 ) ִ Ұ 鿡 ԸǾ ִ. RON 91 Ϲ 10.5 : 1̴. 80 90 ڵ ֹ ڵ 8.x : 1 񿡼 ö ִ. ƹݶ XD 10.0 : 1̸, EF ҳŸ 10.1 : 1̴. ׷ XG 10.3 : 1̸, ׷ TG 10.4 : 1̴. ׷ 2010 ĺ л (GDI) 10.5 : 1 ̻ ̱ Ͽ. л ֹ ƴǷ µ ߸ٴ ߾ ص ֹ߷ ڿȭ ߵ ִٴ ̷ Ѵ. ׷, ũǷ ߻ϳ, ٸ 鿡 (, Ⱑ ̼) ̴.

, 2000 MPI SŬ EŬ 3,000cc ڵ EŬ 11.1 : 1 Ǿ ־ RON 95 ̻ ݵ ؾ ԰ ޸, SŬ 10.5 : 1 Ǿ ִ 찡 ִ. SŬ Ϲ ص 100% . , EŬ ص 3,000cc 11.1:1 谡 Ǿ , 3,500cc EŬ 10.5:1 Ǿ ִ. , 3,500cc EŬ Ϲ ־ 100% ϴ. Ѹ, ǰ Ǵϴ ƴ϶, ڵ Ϲ Ǵϴ ̴. , κ BMW ڵ õǾ ־ ݵ ؾ ϳ, 2000 Ĺ 320i ø 10.5:1 Ǿ ִ. ش BMW 320i µ, Ѵٱ淡 Ȯ ٸ BMW ڵ ޸ Ϲ ־ ϴٰ ϰ RON ̶ S Ϲ Ѵٰ ϴ, Ϲ ־ ŷ Ҹ ڵ Ȯ ڴ ũ ִ. ڵ ߿ ƴ϶ ߿ ̴.

ڵ ͵ Ҵ. ޸ 2000 ʿ õ CLK-240 (2,600cc) 10.5:1̰, CLK320 (3,200cc) 10.0:1̴. , SLK 200K, SLK350Kó K Compressor ǥ ù K ̴. , μ K ؾ Ѵ. ޸ ó CLK, SLK Ŀ ٸ, ޱ ٸǷ ش ش Ȯ (spec) Ȯ ʿ䰡 ִ.

 

ϸ Ʒ .

12.0:1  RON 98  (RON 95 2,000 rpm ʴ ߼ )

11.1:1  RON 95  (RON 93 2,000 rpm ʴ ߼ )

10.8:1  RON 93  (RON 91 2,000 rpm ʴ ߼ )

10.5:1  RON 91  (ִ RPM OK)

 

Ϲ ֹ RON (Research Octane Number, ź) ġ 91~94 Ÿ, 98 ̻ Ÿ Ͽ ڽ ڵ ؾ Ѵ. , ڿ شϸ (ͺ 10.0:1 Ϸ õǾ ) ͺ ƴ϶ ʼ ؾ Ѵ. ֱ GDI Ϲ ϴٴ 鵵 11.1:1 ̴µ ֹ лϿ ð ȿ Ͽ ִٶ , ڵ ŷ ô޸ ִ ǰߵ ִ. GDI MPI ޸ Ǹ ֹ ȿ ī Ǵ ſ ī ŭ 11.1:1 ̻ ŷ ִ Ǽȯ DZ ̴. ƿ(Audi) ̰ Ͽ GDI + MPI ȥ Ͽ.

ź νͶ ǰ ִµ ̰ RON ġ ̴ ÷̴. ź ν͸ ῡ ÷ϸ RON ġ ణ ö󰡳 ð θ νĽų Ƿ ޽ ̿ܿ ϸ ȵ ؾ Ѵ. ǥ ǰ 븲 μźνͰ ִ. Ѻ 300mlμ ⺻ ָ ᷮ ޶µ, ָ 30L 1 Խ ź 2.5~3 Ǹ 2 Խ ź 5~6 Ǹ, ָ 60L 1 Խ ź 1.5~2 Ǹ 2 Խ ź 3~4 ȴ.

 

, ̱, ij, RON ġ AKI (Anti-Knock Index) ġ ϴµ RON 4~5 ġ Ѵٰ ȴ. ̱ ҿ AKI 87 (regular), 89 (plus), 93 (premium) ̷ پ ֹ Ǵ. RON ġ ѱ Ͽ Ϻ äϰ ִ ̸, MON (Motor Octane Numbver, ź) Ͽ RON ġ RPM ϸ ָ鼭 ϴ ִµ Ȳ ´ ̶ ִ.

 

ؾ ϳ ִ. ص ڿ ̶ ̴. Ǹ ԵǴ Ǹ п ڿ  ڿ ̶ Ѵ. ̿ Ͽ , ޱⰡ ġ ⺻ ʹ ϰ Ϲ ƴ϶ ؾ Ѵ.

ũ ͺ (turbo charger) (super charger) .

ͺ Ŀ Ŵ忡 ͺ (turbine) ⸦ Ǹ 鿩 ϸ, ̿ µ ʿ䰡 Ƿ, Ǹ (intercooler) ðⰡ ġȴ. ڿ ԵǴ ӵ Ǵ ӵ Ŭ ̹Ƿ Ǵ ⿡ Ȱϴ ý ظ ϸ .

ũũ Ʈ Ǿ ũ(screw) ͺ ⸦ ϰ ϴ ͺ ĺ ϴٴ ִ.

, < ȿ> ڸ ͺ > > ڿ ̴.

<> ڸ 翬 ڿ > > ͺ ȴ.

 

ó ã ٴ ѽϴٰ ־. , ؼ, ٿų ִ ϱ Ͽµ, ̷δ Ǹ ص带 ų ص ϸ  ־. Ե ̿ ڵ Ʃϴ ü ־, Ѵٴ ߰, ٽ ϰ ߿ ġ ׳ ϱ Ǵ ־. ź νͶ ÷ Ϲ ֹ ź ̴ ǰ ϴ 鵵 ִµ, ֹ ؾ ϴ ƴ϶ ý ȯ濡 ʴٴ ǰߵ ־ ̰ Ͽ. , Ĵ ü ִ. 濡 ϴ Ͽ Ʈũ 뿡 ֹ߷ ġϰ ϸ ̰ ϴ ε, ̰ ķ Ͽ ̶ ȴ.

Ǿ õ ڵ Ѵٸ ࿡ ؾ Ѵ. ƿ ʴ ̴. 2017 7 õ ȭ ⵵ õ ƿ , ó ʴ û . ӵ ްԼҿ ʴ´. ̷ ڵ ٰ ߻Ѵٰ . Դٰ ȸ ̴. ڵ ʴ ݵ ä غ ſſ ߿ϴ. ׸, ϴٸ Ʈũ ͵ ִ.

̰ ٸ ϸϾƼ Ȯ Ⱑ óϴ ϴ ϴ. ( ǹ̿ ź ǰ ϳ) ޿ ǻ ִ.

, 2000 Ĺݿ ڵ ŷ (Knocking Sensor) Ǵ ŷ (Pinking Sensor) ǹȭǾ ־ 11.1 : 1 õǾ ִ EŬ ڵ Ϲ ֹ Ǿ ȭ ߾ Ǿ ִ. ڵ ϴ Ϲ Ͽ Ѵٴ ǹϴ. ׷ ִ. 峭ٸ ڿ Ϲ ߻Ͽ ȴٴ ڸϴ. , ڽ ڵ Ḧ ϴ ٶϴ. , ̱ ڵ ȭ ġ ִ. ޸ ̱ RON ޺ ſ ޱ ܰ ֹ ޸Ͽ Ĵµ, õ ڵ ̱ Ϲ ߻ ʵ ŷ ϴ ȭ ڵ ˷ִ ġ ȴ. ŷ ƴϴ ( ݺǴ ȯ濡 ŷ ΰ ۵Ͽ ӽÿ Ǵ ߻ ִ. ̷ ϴ ͵ ϳ ̸, ̷ ´ Ḧ ϴ ϴ.

 

߿ Ư ͵ 鿡 ߻ϴ ͵ ϸ顦

ǿ ۵ ʴ 찡 ִٸ ڼ 뿡 ִ پ ִ ִ Ϲε üϸ ǹǷ ſ . ׷, ̰ ƴ϶ ü ̹Ƿ 翬 °ġ Ժη üϸ ȵǴ ǰ̸ Ű ؾ ϴ ǰ ð ſ .

ռ Ҹµ Ϳ Ѹ پ ִ ְų Ϳ Ǿ ִ ִ. 翬 Ϳ Բ Ǿ ִ 찡 ü ſ . ָ EŬ 찡 ǥ Ϳ Ѹ Ǿ ִ ε 25km Ǵ 15 ֱ ü Ǿ ־ ѹ ü Ǵ ȯ . ݸ Ϳ Ѹ Ǿ ִ κ ָ ڵ ۰Դ 10 km Դ 15 km ü ؾ ϴµ, ѿ ð õ rpm ణ ߴ ܷŸ ߻ϴ ̶ ȴ. Ϳ Ǿ ִ 쿡 ü ϹǷ 4 km ܸ ͸ üϸ ִ.

 

ִ.

Ÿ ַ ߻Ѵ. MPI ֹ Ͱ ī Ǿ ɼ ſ , ̳ л ָ 쿡 Ǹ ȿ ġϹǷ ſ ͸ ֱ ûҸ ־ Ѵ. ߻ϴµ MPI İ ޸ ̳ л ָ (injector) ǰ ſ . ̷ ڸ MPI ſ ִ. ݴ Ͱ 峭ٸ? ⸧ Ҷ õ ɸ Ÿ Բ <÷ ſ> ߻ϸ鼭 <ֹ >ϰ ȴ. ̷ ׳ ܺο ֹ ٸ ( ũ ȣ ) ȣ ũ(crack) ߻̴. ȯ Ǵ ȴ. , 񺸴 ٸ κп ٸ ü Ѵ.

Һ̴. MPI ֹ߷ ͸ ڸ 100,000km ~ 150,000km ȴ. ̻Ǿ ûҸ ϰ ü ʴ 鵵 ûҸδ ȵǴ ִ. Ϳ (micro filter) ǰ ̽ĵǾ ִµ ͸ Ḧ ɷִ Ѵ. 翬 Ͱ ƹ Ŷ ͸ з ۿ , ƹ ûҸ Ѵٰ ص ü Ƿ Ѱ谡 ִ. ü δ㽺ٸ û ƴ϶ (micro filter) ü ϸ Ǵµ ش ͸ ؾ ϸ ش ͸ ü ִ 縦 ã Ұ ̴. ü ÿϴ.

ó ַ Ÿ鼭 ϳ⿡ 3,000km Ÿ ʴ´ٸ ׺ ξ ª 100,000km ̳ 찡 Ƿ, Ÿ Ÿִ õѴ. MPI ֹ ʹ ſ ϹǷ ° ͸ ȯϴ õϳ, GDI ͳ ſ ̹Ƿ  km ֱ û ش ( seal) ü õѴ! ǰ ָ 150,000km ̹Ƿ ָ ȯ ͸ ȯ ʾҴٸ ȯ Բ ϱ⸦ õѴ. ָ ִٴ õ Ϳ Ǿ ɼ ϱ ̴. ϰѴٸ MPI ʹ Ϲ O(O-ring) 2 ũ (micro filter) ϱ ش ǰ üϰ ûҸ شٸ Ǵµ ־ ģ 缳 Ұ ƴ϶ ִ ٰ ȴ. ̷ ٿ ƿ ؿܿ O 2 ũ ͸ üϰ ûҸ Ϸ (refurbished) ͸ ſ ǸϹǷ ͸ ؼ 缳 ҿ 湮Ѵٸ ޾ֹǷ ݾ ſ ߰ ʹٸ ̷ õѴ. GDI ʹ GDI ʹ 缳 ҿ ֱ û õѴ.

ū ʼ MPI ָ ȯ ϴ ٶϴ.

(1)   10 km (fuel injector) ȯ

(2) 15 km (fuel pump) ȯ

ָ ڵ 15 kmǾ ߻ϴ ; ͸ üϿ. ޸ ó ָ Ͽ, ڼ Ͽ ȸ κ ΰ ָ ֹ ־ 귯 ¿. ʴ ¿ ̴. ϸ ֹ ̼ Ƿ ľ . ̼ ҷ ˸ ߻ ִ. ϰ ˸Ÿ üѴٰ ٺ ذ ƴ ִ!

¿ Ѵٸ ش ᰡ ֺ öƽ ῡ 鼭 ȭ ִ ´. 15 km ü ! ûҸ ָ Ϳ < ̵> ִµ ȭǾ к , <() ͼ> ִµ ̶ к Ƿ ͼŵ ü ؾ Ѵ.

 

ʴ κ ִµ ٷ Line̴. 񽺼Ϳ ߻ϱ κ κ ġѴ. ϴ ̶ ͸ üϴ .

Ⱑ ҵǸ鼭 ߻Ű µ, ڵ Ư ī ǰ Ǿ ִ. ī ϰ Ų. , ҵ Ⱑ ⿡ طο ϴ ˸(ָ ڵ) DPF( ڵ) Ų.

ī ̱ Ͽ 5,000km ̻ ֱ 븲 μ̳ SK ҽ õѴ. Ǵ, ҿ ƿ ð ûϴ ִµ ׸ ʴ.

Ⱓ ⸦ ϴ Ʋ (Throttle valve)[Ǵ Ʋ ٵ (throttle body), Ǵ ö (butterfly valve)] ī ִµ, Ʋ ۵ ߻ , ɰ Ʋ 100% 󿡼 ʴ ϴ ޹ 翬 ϴ.

ڵ Ʋ (̺ ) ٵ𿴴µ, ֱ ڵ ڽ Ʋ ٵ κ ߴ. ETS (Electronic Throttle body System). ڽ Ʋ ٵ ο Ϳ ִµ, Ϳ ,  öƽ Ǿ ִ ǰ ۵ ߻ ʴ´. κ Ʋ ٵ ´ݴ ī ν ߻Ѵ. Ⱓ ī ʴٰ ī ϸ (ī Ǹ鼭 Ǵ 縸ŭ ECU н ϰ Ǵµ ڱ ī Ƿ) ECU 갢 ۵ Ƿ ֱ ī ִ ٶϴ. Ϲ ī ϸ 갢 Ŀ ǹǷ Ϲ ȸ RPM 700 ƴ ̻ ġڴ 찡 ִ. , Ʋ ٵ ī Ͽٸ ECU ʱȭ(н ʱȭ) ϸ . κ ڵ ͸ +ڰ ƴ -ڸ 30 off Űų, ͸ –ڸ ã ڽ ECU Ǫ 30 off ʱȭ Ǹ, Ȥ ̷ ʱȭ ȵǰ α׷ ʱȭ ؾ ϴ ڵ , ǥ Ǫ ڵ ڵ ׷. ̷ 쿡 ͳ ijʸ 缳ü ĵ ʱȭ ؾ߸ ȴ.

, ڽ Ʋ ٵ ô û ͸ ʱȭ Ŀ RPM 700RPM ƴ 1,000 RPM ̻ ϴ ڽ Ʋ ٵ Ͽ ü Ͽ 쿡 ӵ ִ. ð ǹǷ, ݵ ĵ ʱȭ ؾ ϴµ ѹ ȵ ְ õ ؾ ϴ 쵵 ִ.

, ð RPM 䵿 д ۵ ο Ʋ ٵ ƴ 쵵 ִ. ð RMP RPM 700 Ÿ ִٰ д P ۵ ʴ´ٸ Ʋ ٵ ̳, ð д ǵ ʾҴµ RPM ϴ Ÿ ҷ( ޽: 輱 Ͽ¡ CAN ECU ) ޽ ´ٸ Ʋ ٵ ٴ ECU ɿ ð ° ̹Ƿ ECU ûϸ ذǴ 쵵 ִ.

, Ʋ ٵ ī ʹ ī ʹ Ǿ, ECU н , 갢 ð RPM ϰų ȣ 찡 ߻ ִ. , ð RPM ϰų, 濡 ȵȴٸ Ʋ ٵ ī ε, ī μ Ͽ ECU ʱȭ н ؾ Ѵ.

ϸ, ȸ(RPM) ECU ϴµ, ECU پ ȣ Ͽ RPM ϴ ̹Ƿ ECU ȣ ߿ ȣ ִٴ ǹ̴. , ECU ü ̰ų, Ʋ ٵ ȣ 濡 ̰ų, ־ 쿡 Ʋ ٵ ü ̴.

, ֱ ü ƴ϶ ( Ϳʹ ޸ ü ѹ ׳ а ص ȴ.), Ʒ 3 Ű Ѵ.

(1) Ʋ ī ֱΡ ô ûҸ ݵ ؾ ϸ, (30,000km ûҰ ٶϴ)

(2) ī ҿ ô Ǵ ֱ ,

(3) ˸ Ǵ DPF ֱ û.

׷ Ʋ ٵ ûϴ ͺٴ Ÿ ƿ üϴ ٶ ִ. , 40,000km ֱ ûϴ ͺٴ Ÿ ° üϴ ٶ ִٶ ǹ̴. ֳϸ Ʋ ٵ ûϴٰ ų ִ. ǥ ڽ Ʋ ٵ ûҸ 峯 ϴٰ ° ü õѴ.

, ڵ ( ) ٸ ִ.

 

IAC (Idle Air Control Valve) Ǵ ISA (Idle Speed Actuator) ǰ ȸ ⷮ ڽ ϴ ε ǰ ߻ÿ RPM ް ߻ϸ, ī 갡  õ ⵵ Ѵ. IAC ϴ Ʈϸ Tridon ȸ翡 IAC Ư¡(feature) Ͽ Ͽ.

 

The idle air control valve sometimes known as an IAC, is an electrical actuating device designed to electromechanically control engine idle speed.

The idle air control valve is an essential part of the vehicle engine management system,

integrated into a bypass housing or located on or near the throttle body assembly.

The idle air control valve allows a measured amount of air to bypass the throttle plate/butterfly when it is closed,

enabling the ECU to accurately control the idle speed of the vehicles engine.

 

IAC ó (1) н η Ǿ ְų (̺ Ʋٵ, Ʋٵ), (2) Ʋٵ(throttle body Ǵ throttle valve Ǵ butterfly valve) پ ִ (ڽ Ư ٵ) ִ.

ڸ IAC (ISA ) ð ƴ϶ ÿ ⷮ ϹǷ پ ( ) ߻ ִ! (1) IAC RPM ϰ ų RPM 鸱 ϸ ð õ ɸ ʴ ߻ϸ, (2) ϰǴ IAC 쿡 ÿ ̷δ ӽÿ ʿ bypass bypass Ͽ ? IAC ̵ַ ǰμ ִ 150,000km ̳ ü ϴ ٶϴ. IAC 긦 üϸ鼭 ̵ (seal, gasket) ȯؾ Ѵ. ̵ ó Ǹ ȭǾ ̷ Ⱑ ħ մ.

翬 ڽ θٵ 쿡 ISA ü پ Ƿ RPM ȭ 쿡 ڽ Ʋٵ ° ȯؾ Ѵ. , Ʋٵ ֱ ûҸ ϰ ISA üϴ ٶϳ, ڽ Ʋٵ ûҸ ϸ ߻ ִ. ڽ Ʋٵ Ʋ ִ н ϱ ûҸ нġ ǹǷ RPM ȭ ߻ ִ ̴.

 

< > ߻ÿ ʱ ð ᷮ ð л緮 ð õ ҷ ִ. ÿ RPM .

 

θ ٵ Ŵ(intake engine manifold) ϰ ȴ. Ŵ ũ ý۰ ý . µ ⷮ ̴ ǰ  ų ħ ʴ ظϸ ü ϰ dz, ӵ ⷮ ڽ ̵ַ ǰ (lever) ̴ Ǿ ־ ⷮ ڵ ȴ. 翬 ̳̾߱ ڽ ǰ ̴ ǰ ϰ ȴ. ǥ eŬ W211 ڽİ ̴ ǰ ִ Ŵ Ǿ ִµ  (lever) 踦 ߸Ͽ, 10 W211, W212, W221 ڵ 밡 öƽ Ǿ ־ 10 km ܿ η ϰ ִ. ƴ ڴ ҿ ¥ ˷̴ ǰ ü ϳ, 𸣴 10 km ܿ 峯 Ϳ 鸸 ְ Ŵ ü (, assembly) üϴ û ϰ ȴ. ڵ ¸ ľ ʿ䰡 ִ ̴. ڵ Ŵ ý Ǿ ִµ ٸ? Ʒ ߻ϰ ȴ.

 

-      ߻ (Poor idle)

-      (Loss of power)

-      (Check engine light, Benz P2004, P2005, P 2006)

-      ˸Žý ۵ Ҵ (Fail emission system)

 

ٸ ׷ĵ ˸Žý ɼ ؼ Ǿ ִ. ׷ ˸Žý ȿ ְ ( ȥպ)  ۵Ǵµ Ŵ ýۿ ִٸ  ִٴ ִ! ư Ŵ ȭ ˸Žý ҷ ų ִٶ ڸ (1) ý Ϻ (2) 쿡 ̴ κ ſ ߿ ˰ ȴ. δ Ŵ ڵ ȣѴ. Ǫ 307cc eŬʹ ޸ Ǿ ִ.

⼭ Ŵ尡 ̶ ǴϿ Ŵ带 ÿ ƹ ٸ? < Ŵ > ջ ߰ () ִ. Ŵ ȯ ݵ Բ ȯؾ ϸ, Ŵ尡 ٰ Ѵٸ ջ ȮϿ ϸ ȯص ذȴ. ջ Ͽ Ⱑ ϱ Եȴٸ  ʾƼ ڵ ˻ÿ ϻȭź(CO) ذ ͼ ڵ ˻翡 ִ.

, Ŵ ̵ ̵ ü ü ˷̴̵ öƽ̵ < Ŵ ü ü ݿ>̶ Ǹ (ī  ôϿ ϸ ), <10 km ܿ Ŵ ü ֱ> ־ Ѵ. ̰ ƿ ִٰ ϰ Ȧ ϰų, ˸ ýۿ ִٰ ˸Ÿ ٲٰų, ٰ ִ ̴. Ȥ Ŵ尡 Ŀ Ŀ ü Ǿ ִ ִ. Ŀ & Ŵ ü ȯؾ Ѵ.

 

Ŵ ȭ ϰ ˸ ǽɵǴ ˸ ý ۵ Ҵ(Fail Emission System) ´ٴ ڸ, ˸ 켱 ܰ ذϰ Ѵٴ ִ. ֳϸ ˸Ŵ  ݵǴ ǰ̱ ε ֱ ̴.

˸ ߻ ó: -> ü -> ˸ ü

 

δ

-      < ȭ > <> ȭ л ħ԰

-      < Ŵ > ȭ ħ

-      ̹ ׿ ۵ ( ÷ο , , ) ˸ Ҽ ° ( ˸ ߻)

l  µ (air temperature sensor, ): µ ECU ECU л緮 ϰ .

l  ÷ο (air flow sensor): ⷮ ϴ μ, ECU.

- ó Բ ޷ .

- Ϳ Ʋٵ ̿ Ǿ .

- 4 ұ .

- ECU ECU л緮 Ǵ ȴ.

- ÷ο RPM Ҿ ߻ϸ鼭 õ ⵵ .

- ֱ ȯ 1 ÷ο ûҵ .

- ÷ο ߻ϰ ȴ.

- ÷ο ȯ Ǵ ûҸ ϸ ִ.

l  ʼ (manifold absolutie pressure sensor): Ŵ з

- ÷ο ó ⷮ ϳ, Ʋٵ ĺ ũ(surge tank) ̿ ⷮ ̴.

- ÷ο ó ECU л緮 Ǵ ϰ ȴ.

- ÷ο ó ݵ ȯ ʿ ûҸ ص OK.

- 3İ 4 ִµ, 4 µ (air flow sensor) Բ ϴ ̸, 3 Ѵ.

l  ÷ο Ǵ ʼ ȯ Ǵ û Ŀ ECU ʱȭ ݵ ؾ ؾ Ѵ.

-      PCV (Positive Crankcase Ventilation) ȭ ۵ Ǵ PCV ȣ(hose) ȭ

l  ũũ̽ ̴ Ұ ο (Blow-By Gas) · 꼺 Ƽ ȭ & ȭų ִ.

l  ̿ ο PCV 긦 Ͽ Ŵ ȣ(hose) Ǿ ȭ ٽ ҽǷ ԵǾ ҵǰ ȴ.

l  Ŵ Ƶ̰ ȴ.

l  ο 帣 PCV PCV ȣ ð 帧 · ȣ ִ.

l  PCV ȣ Ҹǰμ <ִ 40,000km ̳ ȯ>ؾ ϴ ǰ̸ ʴ.

l  ־ PCV 갡 ũũ ̽ з ȣ ȣ(breather hose) Ͽ ο ߻Ѵ.

l  Ʋٵ ̳ PCV 긦 Ȯ ʿ䰡 ִ.

l  Ҹ ϰ پٸ ˰ Ҿ PCV Ȯ ʿ䰡 ִ.

-      PCSV (Purge Control Solenoid Valve) [ ̵ַ , ijϽ ̵ַ ] ȭ ۵ Ǵ ȣ ȭ

l  ߵ ijϽ(canister) ξٰ PCSV PCSV ȣ Ͽ ٽ ҽŰ ̴.

l  PCSV (ijϽ ̵ַ ) ̵ַ κμ 10km üϴ ٶϴ.

-      IAC (Idel Air Control) ȭ Ǵ IAC (seal) ȭ ħ

l  ð õ ɸ ʰ õ

l  ð RPM throttle body ƴ bypass housing پ ִ ߻

l  ڽ Ʋٵ 쿡 IAC ڽ Ʋ ٵ IAC ҵ Ѵٰ ȴ.

-      2 (Secondary Air Pump, Smog Pump) [Ϲ ָ ڵ]

l  ð ˸Ű ۵ ϴ ð Ͽ Ⱑ Ϲ ⸦ ߰ ϴ ġ

l  2 ȣ(pipe)  ߻ Ⱑ ޽ ߻Ѵ.

-      EGR ȣ [Ϲ ڵ]

l  Ϲ ڵ Ǿ Ⱑ һȭ ̱ ȴ.

l  ָ ߿ һȭ Ǿ ִ.

 

, ⸦ ȭ 쿡 ü Ŀ ˸ ذ ˸ſ پ ִ Ҽ 2 üؾ Ѵ. ׷ ذ ʴ´ٸ 찡 ˸ а ־ ϰⰡ ԵǴ 찡 ִ. ƹư ˸ ġ ̳ ϴ ӽÿϰ ϰ Ȯ ذ Ǿ ְ ȴ.

 

, ˸ Ư ǰ ִµ 2 (secondary air pump) ǰ̴.

κ ð 2 () ߰ Ͽ ˸ ۵ Ȱϰ ϴ ǰμ, ˸ ȯ ż () ߰ Ͽ źȭ ν ý ̴ ó , δ ˸ ȯⰡ Ȱ ִ źȭ Ű ̴. ÿ ˵, ˸ ü ؾ ϴµ, ݴ ʴ´ٸ ࿡ Ƿ ̻ ȴ. Ǹ Ǿ ȸ ȸ ϰ ȴ. ǰ ü ۾ ۾μ Ӻ .

2 ϸ Ʒ ´.

-      ߽

-     

-      ( ߸ ü Կ ) Ǵ

-      Ⱑ Ⱑ

2 ۵ ߷ ڵ(code) ü ƴ ִ. Ǵϴ ش ǰ и ǰ ۵ ׽Ʈ غƼ ۵ϴµ ش ۵ ȵȴٸ ش ǻ(fuse) ų Ǵ ǻ Ȼδ پ ִ ó ̳ ſ ۰ ִ . ǻ üϸ ȴ.

ҽ ī Ǹ 2 ī 2 ִ. ûҿ ҽ ûҸ ֱ ؼ ̿ ̿ մ.

 

׷ ִ  ľұ? 뿡 ͽ Ķ Ҹ õ Ÿ ʴ ̻ ִ ࿡ ƹ ϴ 찡 κ̴. Ⱑ ִ. ִ θ Ȱϳ ǥ ʿ䰡 ִ. Ǫ 307cc < 10.0km / L for ü 24km> ϴ. ⿡  ִٶ ߻Ͽ ǹѴ.

 

߰ ľϹǷ ¿ ¸ ؾ Ѵ!

 

˸ ߻Ѵٸ ؾ Ѵ.

Step 1. ( )

ʼ, ÷ο , û Ǵ ü

Ŵ ȭ , з¼ ó

& & & ü

ũũ̽ (Crankcase Valve) & ũũ̽ 긮 ȣ (Crankcase Breather Pipe) ü

ijϽ ̵ַ ü

EGR & ȣ ü

Step 2. 2 (secondary air pump) ִ ڵ 2

          2

          2

          2 ǻ ü

Step 3. ü ( ü δ ִ. ٸ ߻Ѵ.)

Step 4. ˸ ü (ð ˸ ִ.)

̰ ڸ ˸ ߻Ѵٰ Ͽ ٷ ˸Ÿ üѴٴ ݴ ְ ʿ ū ʷ ִٶ ִµ, ˸ ߻ ٺ ã ֿ ִ. Ÿ ߾ ش ǰ ü ٸ ˸ ߻ ̿ Ӹ ƴ϶ ˸ ߻Ѵٰ ص ǽ ų ִ.

̿ ظ ƴ϶ , пԴ 鿡 ڵٴ ڵ ٶϴٰ Ǵܵȴ. ƴ ӴϷκ ѷ ð踦 áµ, Ȧ(overhaul) ߴĴ 20Ⱓ ѹ ִٶ ڶ ؼ ޾Ҵ. ̶ ѷ ð¡. ð踸 Դ 鿡 ð躸ٴ ð谡 ٶϴٰ Ѵ.

 

ݱ Ѱ ¤ ʿ䰡 ִ ٷ (Poor idle)̴. Ǵٺ ѹ ޾ .

ȭ ϳ ġ 쿡 ߻Ѵ.

-      µ : ECU µ л緮 Timing ϰ ȴ.

ÿ ECU ðµ Ͽ óϹǷ  ϴ.

μ ð 20 ϸ 5 νϰ ð 20 ̸̻ µ 20~25 νϴ ̴.

ū ̻ , Ҽ Feedback  ϰų (˸ ), ÿ ŷ ߻ ִ.

(µ ܼ Ǵ ܶǴ ó) ڵ 谡 ó ߸Ǿ ߻ÿ µ ͵ ϳ ̴.

-     

-      Ŵ ȭ ȭ (ҷ ϴ Ⱑ , ͽĶ Ҹ(Ѱܿ 꿡 ̷ ٶ 鼭 鸮 ).)

-      Ʋ ٵ ҷ

-      ( ) Ŵ忡 ī ħ

-      ˸

-      ˸ ȭ

-      ȭ

-      л

-      : ͸ ȭ, Ʈ ȭ Ʈ

-      ̺ ȭ

-      ȭ ÷ ȭ

 

׸, ʺڵ 򰥷ϴ κ ϳ Ϳ dz ʹ. ٸ ұϰ, ϰ ִ ִ! dz ʹ ϳ Ÿ Ⱓ ü ñ⸦ ִµ, ũ Ÿ 10,000km Ϸ ª 쿡 ϳ⿡ ѹ ϸ, Ÿ 20,000km 쿡 ϳ⿡ ι (, ) ü õѴ.

, ִ ܺ Ǵ ư ٸٴ Ͽ ؾ Ѵ. ΰ ϸ, ͳ̳ ܺ Ⱑ Ե ʵ ϴ ư ְ, ݸ, ܺ Ⱑ ִ dz ⵵ Ǿٰ Ƿ, Ÿ ٽ ȴٸ ⸦ ܺη ϴ ưμ ɻ ̰ ִ.

׷, dz ʹ ַ ϴܿ ġϰ Ͽ, ϴܿ ַ ġϰ ִ.

, ҿ ʰ ܺ ư , ܺ Ⱑ ٷ dz ִµ, ܺ dz dz ɸų ؼ ̳ ͸ ϸ ӿ ɷ ٴٴٴ' Ҹ 쵵 ִ. ݸ, ÿ ܺ Ⱑ ٷ dz ԵǴ ƴ϶ dz ͸ Ⱑ ԵǹǷ ̷ ߻ ʴ´.

, ܺ Ⱑ ܺ ⸦ Ƶ dz ⸦ Ϸ Ÿ â  ȯ⸦ Ѿ ϳ, dz ⸦ Ϸ Ÿ dz ȯ ư dz ⸦ ϹǷ â  ȯ ų ʿ䰡 ̴. ٸ, ܺ dz ⸦ ٷ ȯϰ â ϳ, ư ϳ â ʰ ݻ dz ⸦ ܺ ȯ ϴ ݴ ϴ.

 

ƹ ڵ Ͽ ¿ ȭ ̴ (1) ̼ Ȧ ̿ܿ, (2) ( ˸ ü) Բ (3) Ҹ ( Ȧ).

 

ָ ڵ 쿡 ˸Ŷ ġ ȭ ϸ ڵ 쿡 DPF ġ ȭ Ѵ.

ڵ ϰ εó 2⸶ ˻縦 ޾ƾ Ѵ. ڵ ˻翡 ΰ κ Ⱑ ˻.

Ⱑ ¸ ľϱ ؼ , , ˸, ľ ʿ䰡 ִ.

̴ ܾ ڴ. ʿ ˸ſ ޷ ִ Ҽ ǹǷ, ˸ſ ޷ִ Ҽ 峪 ̷ , ̴ ˸ ۵ ʾƼ Ⱑ ִ.

80% (N2) 20% (O2) Ǿ ִ. ׸, ָ źȭҰ迭(C, H)̴.

ᰡ ߿ Ͽ ع һȭ(NOx), ϻȭź(CO), HC(źȭ) ȭ ȭ ȴ.

(N2) ߿ ſ ̳ Ͽ Ҿ · ϰ ҿ Ͽ һȭ(NOx) ϴ ̴.

, ָ ࿭ 䱸Ǵ ڵ һȭ(NOx) ϴ ̴. ݴ ȿ Ͽ ָ Ḧ ϰ ȴ. CO2 ⷮ ָ ȴ.

ϻȭź(CO) HC(źȭ) ˸ ġ ϸ鼭 ̻ȭź(CO2) (H2O) ȭȴ.

һȭ(NOx) ˸ ġ ϸ鼭 (N2) ̻ȭź(CO2) (H2O) ȯȴ.

ϻȭź(CO) Ǵ źȭ(HC) ٴ : ( ᰡ  ). ȭ÷ ̰ų (Ǵ ܰ ȭ 輱 ), ī μ Ǵ ȭ÷ ü ȿ ִ. Ǵ Ҽ μ Ҽ ü ؾ Ѵ.

һȭ(NOx) ٴ : ˸ ü ̰ų ð . ˸Ÿ üϰ ð Ͽ һȭ ġ ´ٸ ̱ÿ ȴ. ̶ Ѱ ذå ߴ ִ. ߸ µ ̴.

ָ ũ źȭҿ һȭ ġ õǸ, ġ ݺϴ ִ.

ٴ ش κ ŭ ٴ ǹϴ , ̴ һȭ , źȭҿ ϻȭź ǹϱ ̴. ݴ, һȭ ġ źȭ ġ ö󰡴 ̰ ִٸ, Ϲ , ȭ÷, , ˸  ҽ ī Ѽ ⷮ ٴ ǹϹǷ ڵ line ü ū ī ûҸ ϸ ȴٴ ǹѴ.

, Ⱑ ˻縸 Ǹ ȴٴ Ϲ̳, а ʿ䰡 ִ.  ڵ ڵ Ⱑ ڵ dz Ϻγ ݾ Եȴ. , Ⱑ ̸ô ̿ܿ ǰ Ͽ ü ƴ϶ ڵ ˻縦 Ͽ Ⱑ ǥ ˻翡 Ⱑ ġ ߷ ʿϴٰ Ѵ. ڵ Ⱑ ܱ 巯 , ü ɰ ǿ ġ ̸, Ư ڿ Ƴ ̰ ִ Ű Ѵ.

ֽ ָ ڵ ˸Ű 2 ִ . Ŵ ü Ǿ ִ 1 ˸ſ ü (Silencer) ܰ迡 ִ 2 ˸ŷ ȴ. ˸ 15 km ε, ˸ ϸ ˸ ڵ. ˸ ̰ ˸Ÿ ϴ ִµ ˸ ˸ κи Ͽ ˸Ÿ ޾Ƽ ϴ ̴. ̷ ϴ ߸Ǹ ޸ٰ 찡 ߻Ѵ. Ϸθ ޸ ִµ ޸ ִ ڱ Ҹ Բ ϴ ū ݼ ϴ ̴. ٴڿ û Ҳ Ƣ ־. ˰ ˸ κ ÷ ٴ 鼭 Ҳ Ƣ ̴. ش ڵ ̸ Ѱ ϸ鼭 Ͽ.

ָ ˸(catalytic converter) Ư ڿ ش ڵ ˸ Ⱓ ݾ ٰ ȴ. ˸ þ ȴ. ̷ 츸 ܼ ⸧ ̴ ƴ ִ. ϸ ˸ Ӹ ƴ϶, Ÿ̾, ũ, е, Ŀ ȯ ֱ, 鿡 ްų , ڵ ִ. κ ڵ ˸ ECU  ϴµ (Ǫó 10 Ǵ 160,000km ܸ ϴ ϰ) κ 7 Ǵ 12 km Ѵ. ִ ȸ ߿ i30 ִµ 2008μ 20 km Ͽ ˸ ɿ .

ڵ 10 ̻ Ÿ ˸ ޽ µ ̰ <˸ ȿ >̴. < Ĺ > ޶ ״ <Ⱑ ȭ ϴ > ̴. , ˸ ȿ ϴ ſ ȭ ɷ Ÿ μ ࿡ ǿ ڲ ͼ , ڵ ˻ ſ ˻翡 հ ִ. ֱ km ٽ ´ٸ ˸ ؾ Ѵ. 쿡 󼭴 ˸ ü ٴ ˸ 2 ȯص ذǴ 찡 , 쿡 󼭴 ˸ µ ִ.

ü 2 .

 

: ( ȭDZ м ) ͸

Ĺ : ( ȭ м ) ȭ ɷ ͸

 

Ҽ ̷ αٿ /ĸ Ȯ ִ Ϲ(narrow band) Ҽ ȥ Ȯ ִ (wide band) Ҽ EGO(Exhaust Gas Oxygen) Lambda Sensor θ, ڴ UEGO(Universal Exhaust Gas Oxygen) LSU(Lambda Sensor Universal) θ. ڴ Universal̶ ܾ ִ. Ҽ ߰ Ȱȭ µ ̸ ð Ű heating ߰ Ҽ ƴ . 輱 δ 1ĺ 4ı µ ֱ ڵ 4̶ Ǹ, Heated Ҽ 3 Ǵ 4Ŀ شѴ.

 

˸Ű 峪 µ Ƿ ȯ ؼ ü ϴ ٶϴ. 翬 ˸ 忡 Ͽ Ⱑ ˻ ü ҹ ǹǷ ü ؾ ϸ, ˸ ǰ ܿ Ѵٸ ڵ ѵι üϸ Ǵ ̸ ׸ ̵ ƴϴ.

˸ ܺο Էִ <˸ 濭(cover)>̶ ǰ ˸ ΰ ִµ, ˸Ŵ 800 ¿ ۵ϹǷ ˸ 濭 ϴ Ͱ Բ ܺ Ʀ ϱ μ ¿ Ǿ ִµ ˸ ȯϸ鼭 ̰͵ Ǿ ˸Ÿ ִ.

߰ ڸ ε ߰ ִ ְ ִ. ǰ <ο(bellows)> ϴ ǰμ Ÿ ִ ǰ̴. ǰ ִ ˸Ű ǰ ˸ ɰ ϰ ˸Ű ߻ϴ ſ ߿ ǰ̸ ǰ ü ϰ ȴ.

 

, ָ ֹ. ֹ ǹѴ. ſ ֹ Ͽµ ߱ݼμ ȯ ǰ Ӹ ƴ϶ ˸ ġ а ս (˸ ǥ ߻) ˸ ϰ ǹǷ ˸ ϸ ϰ ȴ.  ָ ŷ ҳ Ͽ ϴµ ̷ ŷ Ѵٸ 翬 ˸ ϰ ȴ.

ȭ ʿ Ҹ ϴ 翬 ̴. ׷ ־ ϴµ, 100,000km Ҹ 쿡 Ǹ ü ƴ϶ κ ̵ ( ̵ , ) ȭ ƴ Ǹ Ǵ ̴. ǰ ̹Ƿ 翬 Ⱓ ߰ſ ߵ鼭 ȭǴ ʹ 翬Կ κ ҿ ü պ Ѵٰ ̶ û 䱸ϰ 𸣴 Һڴ Ѿ ϼ. Ǹ Ͽ¡ κ̳ κп κп Ȯ ƴ϶ ̵ ֿ κ ɼ ũ. Ǹ  Ұ Ǹ ⱸ 򿬱Ⱑ Ǿ. ̵ ǥ ڵ Ʈδ BMW̸ ⷮ Ҽ ϴ.

? ڵ ( Ǹ ) Ȧ 50 km ִ ˷ ִ. Ϻ ڵ 50 km DZ Ǹ 鿡 ƴ Ʒ (Ŀ, scuffing) ߻ϱ⵵ ϸ 10 km ε ̷ ݵǴ Ȧ ؾѴ. ̷ ߸ Ե ̴. ϴ ˷ ڵ ε, ڵ Ѵٸ 100 km ݾ Ȧ ִ ȸڵǰ ִ. Ѹ ڵ ̴. ļ 100 km ̻ ڵ Ÿ Ư ̴.

ڵ ϸ鼭 ǿ ߴµ ڰ ߲ϴ κ ̴. ٰ ݵ ɰ 찡 ƴ 찡 κ̸ پ ο Ͽ ߻Ѵ. ǥ E280(W211) ߻Ѵٸ ִµ, ܱ⸦ ٷ ǥõȴ.

-      (Ʈ) ̵ ջ -> ü

-      Ŵ Ǵ Һ÷ -> Ʈ -> (ȥպ ) -> 迭 ƴ̼ǰ ʱȭ

-      ˸ Ҽ

-     

, E280(W211) ڵ Ŵ󿡼 ǥõǾ ִ.

-      / : л ý Ǵ ġ Ǵ ָ ȭ ġ ̻ ֽϴ. Ⱑ ⷮ ̻ ǰ, ۵ ֽϴ.

, ˸Ŵ ޴ܿ ÷(muffler) Բ ݵ ϰ Ǿ ִµ, ݾ ٸٴ ʿ䰡 ִ. ⺻ ٴڿ ˸Ű ְ ⱸ ÷ ִ Ϲ̴. ̷ ˸Ű 峪 ࿡ Ƿ 2⸶ ڵ ˻ Ⱑ ϸ鼭 Ż ִٴ ִ. ˸Ŵ 800 ̻ ¿ ۵ϴµ ̷ µ ϱ ð ҿǸ عⰡ ϰ ȴ. ̷ ȸ ذϱ Ͽ ֽ ڵ ˸Ű 2 ִµ ˸Ŵ 뿡 ٿ ¿ Ͽ Ⱑ ⷮ ̴ ȿ , ˸Ŵ ó ڵ Ϻο ġϴµ ѹ ˸ ԰ ÿ ˸ 忡 عⰡ ϴ ̴. ڸ,

 

: ϴ ˸ 1 + ÷

1: ˸ 1 + ÷ (Ǫ 207ccó ַ )

2: ˸ 1 + ϴ 2 ˸ + ÷ (Ǫ 307ccó ̻ ) < ̻ >

1: ȭ ˸ + ϴ ȯ ˸ + ÷ (˸Ű 2 ִµ 2 ȭ ȯ ϳ ϴ ˸Ű 1 Ѵ. ǥ BMW Ϻ )

2: ˸ 1 + ϴ 2 ˸ & ÷ (ϴ ˸ 2 ÷ ü μ ǥ ڵ K3)

 

Ȯ ˸ ý ̸ ľ ʿ ִ. ˸ Ÿ ǿ (˸Ű) Ƿ ľ ϳ ߰ ϴ ִ. ˸ 1 + ϴ 2 ˸ŷ 2 ˸ ˸ 1 ٸ 2 ˸Ÿ ص Ⱑ Ƿ ˸ & ˸ ȯ Ŭ ˸Ÿ üϰ ˸Ŵ Ծ ⸸ Ͽ ٴ 쵵 ִ. ˸ſ Ⱑ ȭ ϹǷ ˸Ÿ ª ֱ ü ؾ Ѵٴ ο ξ ϸ, 2 ˸ ۾ε ҹ̴. ȯ ؼ . 2 ˸ ۾ ϸ ߰ û ߻Ѵ. ϴ 㸶 Ҹ 鼭 ޸ ڵ. 2 ڸ ˸ ý 1 ܿ 2 ˸ ý 2 찡 ִ. ǥ ޸ EŬ V6 ˸ ý 2. ¿ ˸ ý ⱸ پ ִ .

˸ ڸ (1) Ŵ ˸ ü ۾ ̵ , (2) ÷ ϴ ˸ ü ۾ ̵ ̶ ȴ. ˸ 쿡 <˸ Melting(, ) > ߻ (: ˸Ÿ Ϻΰ Ƽ ). Ŵ ˸ſ ִµ ÷ ϴ ˸ſ ִٸ κ <, , ð Ǿ ߻>ϴ ̹Ƿ ܼ ˸Ÿ ü ƴ϶, < ȯ ̻ ȮϿ > ؾ Ѵ.

, ˸ ٰ ˸Ÿ ȯϷ Ǵϱ ˸ ü ٴ ܰ ( ȥպ) Ƿ, 켱 θ Ǵϴ ޼. 迭δ Ŵ (gasket) ȭ к ҷ ϴ Ⱑ ͼ ⷮ Ŀ ߻ϴ Ϲ̴. <ܿ ͽ Ķ Ҹ> 鸮 ȴ. ݴ 쿡 ȭ ҷ ̵ַ Ǵ  쿡 ߻ϴ Ϲ̴. ̵ַ ÷ 򿬱 ֹ ϰ ȴ.

 

Ⱑ ܿ ߿ δ Ǵ ȴ.

 

(AFR, Air Fuel Ratio) ( Ǵ ȥպ, ָ 14.7:1) ޽

vs. 

 

˸ ( ) ´ٸ ܱ Ǵ ̷ ´. ̶ Ⱑ ٴ ̸ ᰡ ͺ  쿡 شѴ. ݴ Ķ Ⱑ ٴ ̸ ᰡ ͺ  쿡 شѴ.

 

켱 Ĵ

(1) Ͱ ̰ų

(2) PCSV(Purge Control Solenoid Valve) 쿡 ߻ϹǷ ̴.

 

ݸ鿡 ſ ̸,

(1) Ŵ ȭ ħ Ϲ ߻ϴ (-> ü Ƿ ⷮ پ!)

(2) ȭ л緮 ̰ų (-> ü л緮 ö󰡹Ƿ !)

(3) PCV Ͽ Ǹ ο ħ 쿡 ߻ϸ ( Ÿ  ),

(4) 迭 ־ ȭ ߻ 쿡 ߻Ѵ. , м, ȭ÷ ʿϴ.

 

Ϲ ˸ ߻ ڵ ĺٴ ڿ ˸ȿ ߻ϹǷ (1)~(4) ϴµ, ȭ ̶ (1)~(4) ġ ؾ Ѵ.

 

ݱ 캻 ڸ ߻ϴ () Ⱑ Ⱑ, ũũ̽ οн Ⱑ, ũ ߻ϴ ߰ 3 ִ.

ش ڸ Ϲ İ ޸ Ⱑ ʴ.

 

߻ () 3

1.   : 60%

2.   ũũ̽ ο : 25%

3.   ũ ߻ϴ : 15%

2 3 Ǹ ȯ Ų. ̴ ڸ 2 3 (Ư 2 ) з ͰǸ ̴ ˸ ȭ ɷ ߻ϰ ȴ. ˸ ü ˸ſ پ ִ ƹ ڰ п ˸ ȿ ߽ų ִٴ ִ. е鵵 2 3 Ű澲 ϴ 찡 ٹݻ ˸Ÿ ȯ ع ٹݻ ߻Ѵ.

2 ũũ̽ ο PCV ȣ PCV 긦 Ͽ 翬 ġ, 3 ũ ߻ϴ ijϽ(charcoal canister) Ƶξٰ PCSV(Purge Control Solenoid Valve) Ͽ ȯŰ ҽŰ ġ ȴ.

 

PCSV ߻Ѵٸ Ÿ.

PCSV

-      ȸ RPM Ҿ

-      ˸ ߻

-      ϸ õ ɸ (Ư ⸧ õ Ȱɸ Ư ߻)

-      Բ ij 󿡼 ߰ ý ҷ ߻ ڵ尡 Ÿ. PCSV ĸ ʰų ijϽ ϰų ijϽ 쿡 ߻.

PCSV (Ǵ ijϽ Ȱź )

-      Ա ֹ 캸 .

-      Ա Ҹ ũ

-      õ̳ ࿡ ׻ ǹǷ ϶ ȯ .

PCSV ڽ ̵ַ ̹Ƿ ִ 100,000km ̳ ü ؾ ϸ, PCSV ÿ < õ , , ҷ, , ȯ > ߻Ѵ.

 

ڵ̵ ڵ < Line> ߿ ׸ ȴ.

ڵ̵ ̺긮 ڵ̵ ͸ ⺻ ֱ ü ؾ Ѵ. ͸ 4 ܷ ȴ. , ªԴ 3 Դ 5 ȴ. Ÿ̾ ü Ϲ ڵ Ұ ƴ϶ Ÿ̾ ü ϴ ̳ ٶ ó, ͸ ü Ư ƴ ̻ ͸ ϴ 鿡 ſ ȴ. ¥ġ ͸ ش ڵ õ ǰ ִµ ҿ ü ϴ Ͱ ͸ ü ϴ ̰ û ̴. ͸ 쿡 ü ϸ鼭 ִ ִ. ͸ Ϲ ´ Ͻ 12.5V ̸, Ͻ (õ ) 13.4~14.4V ̴. ͸ Ͻ 12.5V Ÿ , ϰ Ÿ ϱ⵵ Ѵ. Ű õ Һ ȭ ũų ȭ ũٸ ͸ ϰ ũٴ ǹϸ, ͸ ü ʿ ˰ ̴.

 

â ڵ ͸ (alternator) ⺻ Ͽ, Ŀ ȯ 鿡 ͸ ȭϰ ִ.

(1)   [ ] â ڵ (alternator) ̾. ׻ 15V ϴ ͸ Ǿ ־.

(2)   [۾ ] (alternator) (͸ ¿ʹ ) ۾( ҿ䷮ ) ͸ ϴ (alternator) ִ. Ǫ New 307cc ǥε ȸ ¿ dz Ѹ 1V Ȯ ö ߻Ѵ. ̷ dz̳ ¿ 13V ʹ ٰ dz Ѹ 14V Ȯ ö󰣴. ̷ ۾ 13V ~ 14.5V ȭ ̶ ȴ.

(3)   [ ] 2010 õ ڵ IBS ġ ( ͸ , Intelligent Battery Sensor) ִ ִ. IBS ġ ISG ġ(ȸ ġ, Idle Stop & Go) Ͽ ʿ Ҹ ϱ ̴. IBS ִ ͸ (12V~12.6V) Ⱑ ߰ ͸ δ. ݴ ͸ Ҹ ٽ Ⱑ ۵ Ͽ ͸ ŰǷ ö󰡰 ȴ. ϸ (͸ ϸ ͸ ۵ϰ ͸ ϸ ۵ϴ) ֽ ̺긮 ڵ . IBS ġ ִ ͸ 뿡 12V ~ 14.5V ũ ϰ Ǹ ̶ ȴ.

 

͸ (alternator) ࿡ ġ ߻Ѵ.

ǥ ڵ ECU (12V ~ 14V) ECU ԷµǴ Ҿ ۽ а(negative surge) ۽ Ի(positive surge) ߻ ɰ ߻ ִ. ǰ ۽ а(negative surge) 쿡 ʱȭ (reset, rebooting) ߻ ִµ ڵ ECU ǰμ ʱȭ(reset) ߻ ִ ̴. (2) (3) ý ڵ ͸ () ٺ ذǾ, ͸ ȭ ҷ  ۽ аϿ ECU ʱȭ Ŀ ۿ . ECU ʱȭ Ǹ 翬 ȣ Ҿų ϸ Ʋ갡 ڴ ۵Ͽ ޹ ϴ. ECU Ҿ ü µ, ڵ Ҿ ڵ õ Ŀ ׺̼̳ ڽ ٰ ڱ ų ȭ ߴ ִ. ̷ 찡 ٷ Ҿ ̸ ַ Ͽ ߻Ѵٰ ȴ. ECU ׺̼̳ ڽ ġ ε 10 ڵ 10 ȭ ECU ġ ִٰ ȴ.

dz ͸() а踦 ǥϴ ġ ޾ θ ڵ Ȯ ְ ȭ ִ. õϴ ð± ε ڵ 輱 ǵ ʰ Ȯ ִ.

 

<( ) õ ̰ų >

15V ̻:

14.4V ~ 14.8V: Good

13.4V ~ 14.4V: Best (*)

13.2V ~ 13.4V: Not Bed

12.8V ~ 13.2V: Check

12.8V :

 

<õ >

13V ̻:

11.9V ~ 12.8V: Good (*)

11.6V ~ 11.9V: Check

11.6V :

 

̿ ۽ аϿ ۽ л ϱ ǰ Ѵ. о(ȭġ) ǰμ Ѹ ͸ ȴ. 2007 õ EŬ Ʈ ִ (õ)͸ Ʈũ ִ Ϲ ͸ ִ. ͸ ϳ dual ͸ ý ٲپ ȭ Ųٰ ȴ. δ ߸ ߵ ƴ ̻ о ʿ䰡 ٰ ǰ, 10 ̻ ȭ ġ ܵ(capacitor) ȸDZ ܺ ұյ ó ϰ ǹǷ õ ܺ ϰ ִ ý ۵ ִٰ Ѵ. ó · ϴ ó ͸ ߰ ߸ Ͽ ߵ ִ µ  ȭ絵 Ƿ ؾ Ѵ. ׷ ǰ ⺻ ״ ִµ ׷ μ ̴ ״ μ , ̿ Ⱑ ȿ Ÿ ִٴ ǰ ̴. ̷ ǰ ǰ о⡯ ȫϴ ⡯ Ǵ Ⱑġ ȫϴ ǰ ִµ ̰ ְ ߸ ȫ Ѵ. ġ ڵ ϸ ̿ μ 󡯰 Ⱑ ȿ ִµ ̷ ǰ Ǵ Ⱑ ȫѴٸ ְ ߸ ȫ Ͱ ̷ ǰ ȫ ؾ ϴ ´ Ͱ .

׷ ⿡ ̷ ȴ. 忡 ȫ ϸ ȵǴ ġϰ ɾϳ о ȫϸ ̰ ִ. ݴ Ϲ о ȫϸ ʿ ǰ ġϰ ɾϳ Ǵ ſ ȫϸ ̰ ִ. ڵ ڵ 99% κ ƴ Ϲ ؾ ǸŰ ũ Ǵ Ȳ ȴٴ . Ǵܿ ε ̶ 켱 о ȫϰ ̿ ȭ μ ſ ȿ ϴ ´ٰ . ̿ о ġ ٽ ʰ뷮 ܵ(ultracapacitor, Ʈ Ŀн, supercapacitor, Ŀн) ǰ õǸ鼭 . ؿܿ Maxwell 翡 ʰ뷮 ܵ ϰ , ѱ LS Ʈ(Mtron) ȸ翡 ϰ ִ. ̷ ʰ뷮 ܵ μ ۵ µ ׸ ʴٴ ̴. Ŀн͸ Ȱ о⸦ ϴ ڵ ȸ簡 ִµ ٷ Ǫ-Ʈο ׷ ڵ. ϴ ش ǰ 鸸 Ǹϰ ִ.

 

͸ µ Ǵ ٰ ǴܵǸ, پ ִ. ȭ(ָ ڵ Ͱ üȭǾ ִµ ȯ̶ ߸ϴ 찡 ִ. 15km ѹ ȯؾ Ѵ. Ⱑ Ǹ Ǵ ߻Ѵ.) ΰ Ǹ  (ڵ ҽ ֱ ϸ ū ), (DPF ⸦ ֱ ¿, ָ ڵ ˸ check), ȭ÷ ȭ ſ Ƿ ڵ θ ۼ ʿ ߻ ɼ ϴ. ĵ ڵ Ǹ ̵(guide seal) ȭ з ϴ 찡 ִ. ̵ ҷ Ͽ ˸ Ǵ ߰ ߻Ѵ. ( ҿ ) 򿬱Ⱑ ´.

 

ڵ 귯 ͸ ҸŲ. ̸ (parasitic current) ϸ 0.02~0.05AH ˷ ִ. 0.05AH 1ð 0.05A Һȴٴ Ϸ (24ð) ÿ 1.1A Һ ǹѴ. ڵ ͸ 55AH¥ 50 ߵٴ ǹ̷ ȴ. (δ µ Ÿ ҷ ª.) ϴ Ǿٸ 񽺸 θ 켱 ؿ ͸ Ͽ õϿ õ ɸٸ · µ µ õ <ּ 30 ~ 40 ̻ õ on > ξ ؾ Ѵ. ͸ ε õ ɸ ʴ´ٸ ͸ · ͸ üؾ Ѵ.

Ϲ ѹ и ޾ Ǵµ, ũ ִ. Ϲ ߰ ġ ڵ 2 ȴ. ٶ 1 ڵ ָ ѹ Ƽ ͸ ƾ Ѵ. ׷ (ͳ, ͸) ٰ ģ ȴ. ڽ, нܸ, ġ ߰ ġϰ Ǵµ, ߿ ϸ鼭 ¼Һ Ǵµ ڽ ̴ֹ. ߰ ġ 幮 Ҹ ǰ ̷ 鿡 ٶϴ. , Ҹ ڵ ͸ δ ̱ ̶ ٶϴ.

, ڽ ÿ ƴϴ. ܺ 쿡 ֺ CCTV ó Ǵµ, 쿡 ڰ ڷ а ִ ͵ ְų Ҵϸ ϰų ϴ ġ ִ. , ܺ ϴ ƴ϶ ڽ ÿ ɱ onѼ ڵ ͸ ߱ų ʿ ٰ . Ϻ ü ڽ ͸ AS å ʴ´.

 

ڽ ϰ Ѵٸ ϴ ƴ϶, ڵ on ¿ ۵ϰ ϴ ٶϸ, < ڽ ü ε ۵ Ǵ ڽ ڵ on ¿ >ϴ . ڵ off ڵ ͸ Ҹ ڽ ͸ 뷮 ŭ ڽ ϰ ڽ ͸ Ǹ ڽ ȭ ߰ ȴ. ٽ ڵ on ڽ ʰ ÿ Ǵ μ ڵ ͸ Ҹ ִ.

Ǿ ڵ ͸ ؼ <ڽ ͸ ƴ on ¿ Ű ؾ >ؾ Ѵ.

 

ڵ Line ¿ ϴ ȭ ÷״. ̰ ָ ڵ شϸ ڵ ش . ָ ڵ ڵ ̴ ٷ ȭ÷ ִ. ָ Ḧ ¿ ǰ, ᰡ ϴ ϸ ȴ.

ȭ÷״ ش ڵ 忡 ϴ ؾ ũ ٰ ĥ ִ. Ұ ޸ Ǿ ִµ ٸ ٰ ƿ ִ ̴. ִ ٸ ü ڵ ȣȯǴ ȭ ÷װ ִٴ ̴. ǥ Ǫ 307cc ڵ ׷ Zڵ SM3 ȭ÷׿ ȣȯȴ.

ȭ÷״ ſ ϰ ִ. Ǹ ϴ ٿ 帧̴. 츮 ȯڽǿ ֍֍ Ҹ Բ ׸ ͸ ִ. ECG(Ǵ Ͼ EKG) ε, 忡 帣 ̴. , ֱ 帧 ̷ Ǵµ, ȭ÷װ ̶ ȴ.

 

ڵ 3 ٽ ⺻?

, , (break).

3 ΰ ϰ ̰ ܻ̰ ڵ ٽ̶ ȴ.

 

1995⸸ ϴ ڵ Ŀ ڵ ƿ . Ŀ ڵ ư ִٴ ־ 尩 µ ó DZ  ź ̴. Ͼ ư ð ʰ Ǿ. Ͽ 3 迡 Ͽ.

ڵ (ڵ, handle) Ŀ ڵ̶ Ͽ Ͱ ¿ Ͽ ε ڵ ִ ٲ ɼǿ ⺻ ɼ Ǿ. ״ ȣ ̼ ϰ ϴ ִµ, Ǹ Ŀ ִ. ׷ ߰ſ ǥ Ŀ Ͽ Ʈ Ⱑ ǿ Ǹ ְְ Ҹ Բ Ҵɿ .

2010 ĺʹ ǰ Ŀ ڵ ƴ϶ ͽ ڵ ȭǴ ߼. , ȣ, Ŀ ǰ ͸ ¿ ȸ ȴٰ ȴ. Ʈ ޺κ ʰ ִµ, κ ͽ ڵ Ǿ ־ ش ̶ ȴ. ׷ ͽ ٴ ڽŵ н Ѵ.

н Ƴα ̶ ǰ, ͽ ϸ . ȸ н ״ ϳ, ͽĿ ̷ ߻ ־ ӵ ȸ ִ. , н ش ȯϸ dz, ͽ 峪 ü ǰ Ѳ ü ؾ ϴµ ϴ. нĵ ܼ Ŀ ȣ ƴ϶ ڵ ġ ͱ ߻Ͽ ڵ ġ ° üѴٸ ͽİ ſ .

, Ŀ Ա Ʈ ϰ ̼ , ׸ 극ũװ ޸ ãⰡ 찡 . ǥ Ǫ 307 쿡 Ʈ ð Ʒ ִ.

ϳ, ޸ ذ ǰ ʹ . 2016 缳 ҿ 湮 ־µ, 踦 ǿ鼭 ɰ ǥ ް ִ ̴. , SŬµ, Ŀ ȣ µ Ϳ 鸸 ҷ, ̰ , ó ݰ̶ ص 鸸 . Դٰ Ѵ ۿ ȵȴٳ  ǰ̶ Ͽٰ ظ , Ϸ Ϳ ϰų, Ѵ޷ ª ϰ ݰ ̰ ο ־.

ƹ ̰ ص ׷ Ŀ ȣ ϳ 鸸̶ϡ.

׳ ؿ ͳ ̸̺ ˻Ͽ 鸸 ƴ϶ ʸ ־. ǰ Ͽ Ӹ ް ϸ ִ. ׸, Ŀ ϵ ֱ ȯ Ͽ顦. н ̼ ȯ ֱ ϰ Ŀ ȯ ڲϸ ִ. ҿ Ŀ ڵ ȯμ DZ ȯ ǰ , ߸ ǰ Ѵ. , ڵ 쿡 Ŀ ȯϸ鼭 Ŀ ͵ ȯ ؾ ߴ. ׸, BMW ڵ Ŀ Ӹ ƴ϶ ߰ ͱ ߰ پ ־ Ŀ µ ðŰ ִ. 2000 EŬ ð տ ִ ̻ 𷯰 ٷ Ŀ 𷯴.

׸, Ŀ 찡 Ŀ ȣ ȣ üϸ Ǵµ, (Steering Gear, , ) 峪ų ̰  üؾ ϴµ ʸ̳ û ļͿ 鸸 ũԴ õ θ. 쿡 ǰ üϸ ũ ִ. ƹ ؿ ص Ͷ ص õ ϰ Ѵٴ . () κ Ŀ Կ Ѵ. , ó ֱ Ŀ ȯ ϸ ֱ Ŀ Ͽ ִ 縦 ִ ̹Ƿ Ŀ ȣ شȭ ִ ̴! ɷ, ڽ Ŀ ڵ ش .

ü, ġ 3 еȴ.

1.     н (Hydraulic Power Steering System): Ʈ ϸ, 3% ս . (steering) ( Ǵ ̰) ȵ. < Ƴα>

2.     н (EHPS, Electro hydraulic Power Steering System): н̳, Ŀ Ʈ ƴ Ͱ . ս , . . <Ƴα & Ż>

3.     ͱ (MDPS, Motor Driven Power Steering System): ս ʰ, . ڿ , . < Ż>

, н нİ ͱ ߰ ·μ ڵ ȴ. ͱ ٺ İ Ƽ Ⱘ 鿡 峭 Ѱ谡 , شȭϿ ó ӿ ʰ ϹǷ Ⱘٴ ڵ ϴ ڿԴ ٶϴ.

 

׸, ڵ ſ

н 쿡

1.     Ŀ -> ĿƼ κ Ȯ .

2.     Ʈ

3.     (, Ƽ ) : ġ μ . ڵ ڵ ΰ ƴ ڵ ۿ ƽƽ Ҹ .

н 쿡

1.     ȣ -> ĿƼ κ Ȯ .

2.     ĿƼ ǻ ܼ -> ϰ ߻ ϴ.

3.     ECUκ 輱 ܼ -> .

4.     ü -> . ش ߰ Ǵ ǰ ȯ.

5.     ȸ -> ûϸ ذdz ɼ ʰ, ǰ Ǵ ش ȸǸ ° ü ؾ .

6.     ̳ ϳ ȸ ܼ & Ÿ -> ȸ ϸ Ǵ ش ȸǸ ° ü. (߰ǰ 缭 ش ȸǸ üϴ )

7.     (, Ƽ ) : ġ μ . ڵ ڵ ΰ ƴ ڵ ۿ ƽƽ Ҹ .

ͱ 쿡

1.     ĿƼ ǻ ܼ ->

2.     輱 ܼ

3.     ÷ Ŀø Ǵ ũ ü -> ü .

4.     MDPS μ κ ° ü ؾϴµ 5⿡ ѹ ° ü ؾ Ѵ.

5.     (, Ƽ ) : ġ μ . ڵ ڵ ΰ ƴ ڵ ۿ ƽƽ Ҹ .

(, Ƽž) ¿ (ڵ, handle) õõ ϸ鼭 븦 ٶϴ. Ư, ٴ ĥ ū  Ʈ ݿǹǷ ° ƴ õõ ϸ鼭 븦 õõ ε巴 . ̰͵ ǹ̿ (echo)̺ ִ.

 

ڵ ߸ Ǵ ϳ 극ũ (oil)̴. Ȯ 극ũ (fluid) ´. ƴ Ϲ ü ̴. 극ũ 40,000km ü ؾ ϴµ ׷ 극ũ ÿ и Ǹ ȯ ABS (ڵ 극ũ ý) ȴ. 극ũ 극ũ д 극ũ ν(brake booster) Ǵ ̵ (hydro master) ǰ ġ Ŵ ̳ Ǿ ۵Ǵ ̴. Ѹ < ġ Ǿ ִ 극ũ> dz ִ.

ڵ Ʈ ʿ 󱼸ϰ ŭϴ پ ִ ִµ ̰ ٷ 극ũ νͶ ġ. ڵ Ʃϴ ū 극ũ νͷ 缳 üϿ 극ũ ü ø ִ.

 

ڵ Ǵ ǰ ϳ ϸ ٷ Ÿ̾.

Ÿ̾ Ϲ ܿ Ÿ̾(snow tire) Ǵ 4 ̳ķ Ѵ. ϱ κ ٷ ⼺̴. Ÿ̾ ׶ , ʿ ǹ̳ ֳİ 𸣴 ִ. ư Ÿ̾ ̴ ٿ ⼺ ִ. κ ⼺ , ڵ ⼺ ִٸ Ѽ Żϴ 縦 Ѻ ʿ䰡 ִ. Ÿ̾ & ü µ, ° ġ ش 絵 ׷ ¿ ϰ Ͽ ٰ ִ. 2015 Ÿ̾ ִ 6 ǰ, Ȯ ϴ. Ͽ ϴ ̵ ˷ , ׷ʿ , Ÿ̾ Ȩ հ ٺ Ƣ ִ κ ִµ, Ÿ̾ 100% Ǵ ̴.

, Ÿ Ÿ̾ ص Ÿ̾ ũ⿡ 翬 ̰ ִ. ʿ䰡 ִ. Ÿ δٰ . ũⰡ ( ġ) Ÿ̾ ȸ ʿ԰ ޸ ū Ÿ̾(ū ġ) Ÿ̾ ȸ  ϴ. ū Ÿ̾ ڵ Ÿ̾ ڵ Ͽ ص ȴٴ ǹѴ. , Ϲ ū Ÿ̾ Ÿ̾ ݵ . Ʈ Ģ Ǹ ̴.

׸, ϴ ϳ ¿ յ ϴٰ ϴ ִ. ڵ յ ũⰡ κ ٰ ȴ. ׷, ķ ڵ ̻̰ų ڵ ޹ ٴ ũ Ǿ ִ. , յ Ÿ̾ ٸ!

Ÿ̾ Ͽ µ Ȯ 𸣴 ٷ ٹ뷱(wheel balance) پθƮ(wheel alignment). ٹ뷱 ڵʹ ȸ ˻ؼ յ Է ȸϵ ߸ ޾ִ ̸, پθƮ ߴ ̴. ٹ뷱 ִٸ Ÿ̾ ȸÿ , پθƮ ִٸ 򸮰ų Ÿ̾ ߻Ѵ. , پθƮ ġ (toe) 쿡 εεε Ҹ Բ ߻Ѵ. پθƮ ֱ Ÿ̾ ü ֱ ٰ ȴ. Ÿ̾ üϸ ٹ뷱 񽺸 ָ, پθƮ 2018 4 ׸ 5 ȴ. Ϳ 3 δ. , Ÿ̾ ü 񽺷 ٹ뷱 ߾ ޶ 䱸ϰ, ⸶ Ÿ̾ ü پθƮ ִ Ϲ õ̸, ߿ ʰ 򸮴 찡 ߻Ѵٸ پθƮ ޾ƾ Ѵ. Ư Ϻδ پθƮ ġ ķ(camber), (toe), ij(caster) ķ(camber) 麸 ϰ (minus, ̳ʽ) Ǿ ִٴ ̴. Ǫ ̽ ȸ ڳʸ ſ ִ. Ǫ 캸 ÿ ణ ٴ κ ٱ ˰ ̸ ڵ Ʋ װ Ȯ ִ. ̷ ȿ ڳʸ ڳʸ ִ ȿ Ѵ. Ǫ ڵ ̻ϰ Ÿ̾ ѵ . ⿡ ϴ ̱ Ǫ ڵ ϸ鼭 ٸ Ÿ̾ Ͽ پθƮ ʿ䰡 . , ī Ϲ κ ¿ ķ ijʹ Ұϰ 䰪 õǰ ִ. , ũ(link) Ͽ ³Ʈ ũ ̸ ؼ ϹǷ ũ Ǿ , 쿡 Ưϰ Ʈ Ʈ 鼭 ̼ϰ ϰ ȴ. ұĢ ̳ ̸ 鼭 Ʋ ǹǷ Ÿ̾ Ŀų ߻Ѵٸ Ÿ̾ ü ֱ ٹ뷱 پθƮ ؾ Ѵ. پθƮ ȣũ̶ ǰ Ǵµ õ شϴ μ (Car Repair Shop) ʰ Ÿ̾ ü Ǿ ֱ , ҿ ñ Ÿ̾ ü Ƿڸ ϰ ǹǷ Ÿ̾ ü ٶϴ.

׷ Ǻ(ǹ) 쿡 پθƮ ǻ Ұϰų ǹϴٰ ȴ(û Ͽ ° ü ٶ). , Ǻ Ǿ ִ ڵ پθƮ ϰ Ʋ پθƮ ذ ȵȴٰų Ÿ̾ ϰ ӵȴٸ ¿ . , 񿡵 ұϰ Ǻ ° ü ؾ Ѵ. , Ǻ ִ 쿡 پθƮ ū ʴ´ٸ 鿩 Ǻ ü ʰ ׳ Ÿ ϴ ҵ ִ. Ǻ ü ϴٸ Ǻ ִ <Ǻ ν ȯ>ε θƮ ִµ 䱸ȴ. ҿ ִ Ǻ ° üϴ ִٰ ̾߱ϴ ̴. κ  Ǻ ü ٴ 糡 ν ̹Ƿ Ǻ ν ؿܿ Ͽ ް óϿ ִ ϸ ո̴.

⼭ ׷ Ƽũ Ǻ ʿ䰡 ִ. Ƽũ θƮ Ǻ ϴ. ̸ Ͽ Ʈũ ۾Ƿ ̻ ٶϸ, θƮ ̿ . ݴ Ǻ Ƽũ ſ ܼϿ ߰ Ǹ Ƿ Ʈũ ũ ִ. ޿ ¿ ʴ 1 Ǵ 2 Ǻ ū ϶ ϴ. , Ǻ ü Ʋ ° ȯ ؾϹǷ ſ ִ.

׸, Ǻ θƮ ǻ Ұϴٰ ϳ, ϰ ϳ ʿ䰡 ִ ϳ ִ. װ Ǻ ǰ ϴ ν̶ (Ǵ 췹ź) ǰ ϳ ִµ, ڵ ν̷ó 10 ܸ ü ؾ Ѵ. ġ شϴ ǰ̶ ǰڴ. Ǻ µ ν ǰ Ͽ θƮ ڵ 쵵 ִ ̸, 10 ܰ Ǹ Ǻ ν ü ־ Ѵ. Ȥ ǰ ݼ ü ϴ Ұ ִ. ݼ ν üÿ 鸲 д ȿ Ƿ ͽ ڵ ݼӼ ν Ѵ. ׷ Ϲ ڵ ̷ ǰ ϰ Ǹ ϴ ġϰ ν ǰ Ͽ Ƿ ڵ ü Ƶ̰ ǹǷ ڵ ü ȭ ɼ Ѵ. ε鵵 ̵ ȭǾ ϸ ( ñ ) ܰ ݼӼ ΰ ü ü Ѵ. 翬 ٸ Ǵ ĵǴ ȿ Ŀ ۿ . ϳ () Ͽ ǰ ſ Ŀٴ ִ.

׸, Ÿ̾ ڵ Ƣ Ҹ ̿ܿ پθƮ ȿ ִ. , پθƮ Ÿ̾ ° ƴ ¿ ִ ʿϴ. Ϲ ¿ (ð ) 35 PSI ܷ ϸ ϴ. ÿ Ÿ̾ ޾Ƽ Ⱑ âϰ PSI ö󰡰 ȴ. Ϲ 40 PSI ̻ ϸ Ƣ鼭 ° Ҹ ȴ. Ư, ö 40 PSI ϸ µ Ͽ Ⱑ ſ âϿ δ 45~46 PSI ġ ִ. ׷   Ÿ̾ ٸ. ֽ ڵ Ÿ̾ 溸ġ(TPMS, Tire Pressure Monitoring Systme)̶ ־ Ÿ̾ ƴ 쿡 ˶ ְ Ǿ ִµ, ش Ÿ̾ 쿡 ߻ϴ ߻Ѵ. Ÿ̾ 쿡 ִ. Ÿ̾ 鿡 ִ Ÿ̾ ʹ ̰ų Ⱑ Ȥ ʹ ٱ Ƣ ִ ϸ ȴ.

ָ ǥ̳ Ǵܹ <鿡 پ ִ Ÿ̾ ణ Ƣ ?> Ư, θƮ ʴ (Ǵ ޹ Ǻ μ θƮ Ұ) ϼ Ÿ̾ ߸ ȴ.

 

Ÿ̾ ݵ ؾϴ δ ۸ ִ.

. 㿡 ϴµ 㿡 , µ .

ڵ ҷΰյ Ͽ, 2010 ʹݱ HID ( ). Ŀ ޵δ LED Ͽ. Ϲ ҷΰ 10 δٰ ȴ. Ǫ307cc Ϲ 5,000 ̸, 1 Ͽ. Ϲ Ǫ 缳ҿ 񽺷ε üϿ . HID ƺ̰ ̻ ִ ڵ HID Ͽ, Ϲ 鿡 ٶϴ. ü Ǽ ϴ Ǽ . ն κп ޾Ƽ ִ. ݵ 尩 ϴ Ѵ. Ư, HID ʼ . ڵ 翡 ´ . Ʈ(W) ǰ  , ڵ κп ش. ҷΰ ̴. ⿡ Ķ ϸ ҷΰ HIDó Ͼ µ, ۾Ƿ ̴. ׸, HID( ) ٰ Ǵ ƴ϶, Ƽ ڿ ǿ ġǷ ҹ̴. Ȱ  ϴ. < > Ǵ ׳ < ҷΰ > ٶϴٰ ǴѴ.

ڵ Ư¡ ¿ϴ ǥ Ҹ Ʈ(head light). 2000 ߹ eŬ , λ ޾ λ ʾҴ. ڵ Ʈ ¿ 2ε Ͽ, ¿ 2 پ ִ ̾. װ͵ ׶ Ÿ Ǿ ־µ, ѱ մ̡ Ǵ 紫̡ Īϴ ˷. 紫 ڵ e-Ŭ ƴϴ. Ʋ ̳ 紫 ϰ ִ. ѱ 2000 ߹ݿ ڵ Ƿ 紫̴. ׷ 紫̴ 4 ̸鼭 Ư ִ. ڵ 2000 Ĺݿ 紫 ö ׸ ṫ̷ ȭǾ 4 ö Ͽ.

ڵ Ʈ ٴѴ. ׷ ʷ Ʈ Ϻθ Ѱ ٴϰ ϴ ý ߻ ȸ簡 ִµ ȸ簡 ٷ BMW. ¿ 2 Ʈ Ȯ еǴ Ʈ 踦 ٴ , ޸ ׳ ׶. , ֵ ̵ ũⰡ ϴ. BMW Ʈ 踦 Ͽ ݴ ڵ Ǹ ִ ȿ ƴ϶, ָ Ȯ BMW ڵ ϰ ϴ ȿ Ѵ. BMW ̿ Ʈ Ư Ͽ ٿµ ٷ õ (Angel Eye)̴. ķ ο Ϻθ ġ ڵ ݿϿ Ϻθ Ѱ õϰ Ǿ, ڵ鵵 Ϻΰ ϴ äϰ ִ.

 

ڵ Wifer ȯ 1 ų Ҹ 鸮ų â ȯ Ѵ. ׷ ҷ Ⱓ ִ (tip) ִ. õ ɰ ʾƵ ó ѹ ž ѹ лϴ ̴. ׷ ų ־, Ӹ ƴ϶ ȯ Ű ִ.

, Wifer ž Ǵ ƴϴ. űϰԵ  Wifer ý۰ ž ý ִ ڵ ִµ, Wifer ý ִ ǥ ڵ ̸,  ž ִ ڵ eŬ. ߿ ̶  Ƿ Ϻ  ۰ ־ ִ ý ִ. ݸ Ϻ ڵ  ̹  Ƿ ̸ ϱ Ʒ ž лý ޷ ִ ִ. ߿ eŬ ž лϿ 迩 ָӴϰ ű ϴ â ̴ θ θϴ ̴. ʹ ܼ ž л ְ.

ž ϰų Ű ̶ ϰ ؾ ϴ κ̴. ž ѵ ž ư , ž ʹ 쿡 ž ΰ ִ. ž а Ѱܿ£ ϵ ź Ǵ Ż ȥվ̸ ⿡ ž ݼ κ ν Ϲ ž ҷ ̷ ü. ϱ ź Ǵ ź 25% ~ 30% ȥյǾ ϴµ ź źú ι ̻ ιǷ Ǹ طӴٴ ϰ 츮 ź 迭 ž ʳⰣ Ǿ ذ . 2018 1 ѱ ź ž Ǿ ݵ ź ž ȭ Ǿ ź 迭 ž ǸŽ óȴ. ѱ ź ž ǹȭ 2018 2014 ź ž Ͽ ϰ ִ. ʴ. ź ϰ ݼӷ ν ణ ణ ȴ. ߿ Ĵ ź 迭 ž׺ ſ ź 迭 ž Ͽ ϰ , Ʈ ȰϹǷ ȯ ߻ ϰ ִ.

 

񿡴 Ҹ ̴. û ð Ǿ Ÿų, ߻Ͽ ϴµ ɰ Ұ ƴ϶ ϱ ʻ̳ ڽ ڵ  ҷ Ǿ ִ ˾Ƶξ Ѵ.

 

ڵ ī޷α׿ ִ ߿ (, spec) ϳ ٷ (suspension)̴. չ ޹ ʿѵ, ٸ ִ.

 

(rigid axle suspension): Ǿ ִ . ַ θ ٴϴ SUV .

Ǻ [ǹ] (torsion beam [torsion bar] suspension): ǰ ߰ Ư <Ǫ 307cc ޹>

۽ Ʈ (MacPherson strut): ϳ ξϰ Ʈ ̷ <Ǫ 307cc չ>

ú (double wishbone suspension): ΰ ܴ V ̷ <׷XG չ> <EFŸ չ>

Ƽũ (Multi-Link suspension): ũ ̷ < E280> <׷XG ޹> <EFŸ ޹>

 

¿ 󼭴 <, , , ڼ> , κ ڵ ̴. ֻ  ̴µ, 鿡 ߴ. °ġ,  . ٿ ° 鿡 ٶϴ. ȸ ڵ ص ٸ ִ. ǥ EŬ W211 3,000cc E280 Ϲε, 3,500cc E350 ̴. ,  翬 پ ԰ ÿ  δ ȴٸ ϴ Ѵ. 鿡 ݼ κ ƴ϶ ݼӰ ݼ ̾ κп (ν, bushing) ٽ̴. 10 µ ̰͸ üϸ ȴ. ݼ üϸ ̴. ڼ GM Ư ȴ.

 

ڵ ǰ 10 Ǹ Ű ǰ ϳ ͵̴.

ð ڿ ȭǰų ǰų ų Ѵ. ٸ شѴ. 10 Ǹ ⺻ պκп Ҹ Ѵ.

Ʒ ͵ 10 Ǹ Ǵ ǰ ü ü ־ Ѵ.

 

1.   – Ǵ ̼ Ʈ(mounting) ν ȭ. 10 km ü ٶ. < ̹ & ̼ ̹> θ.

2.   ӽ – Ȱ ũ (stabilizer link) ν̡ ȭ κ̴. ð 帣 ν̡ ȭ ȴ.

Ȱ ũ & ν ̼ ȯó ֱ ָ û. Ȱ ũ & ν ڵ ϹǷ ν̸ ü ʰ üϴ õѴ.

չ Upper Arm Ǵ Lower Arm ν̶  Ѵ.

޹ Ҹ Ƿ ޹ ν Ҹ 10 km ü õѴ. (Ǻ 쿡 Ǻ ν)

3.   ӽ – ν() ٴ ٸ ɼ ũ. Ư, â frame (open frame) ִ ڵ dz ƹ ڵ ¿ .

4.   ȸ – ν̷ ü ʿϴ. ַ (Shock Absorber) ν ȭ ϸ, Ϲ ٸƮ(Shock Absorber Mounting) ü ذȴ.

ٸƮ üϱ WD40 ذ ɼ ִ.

Ȥ Upper Arm Ǵ Lower Arm ν̷ ü ʿ.

5.   ȸ (handle, ڵ) ƽƽƽ

ڵ , öƽ ļ ݾ ,

ڵ ܺ Ƽ , () ļ ݾ û. ü پθƮ ޾ƾ .

6.   ִ ȸ – Ʈ ߻ε, Ƿθ ޾Ƽ 鼭 ׸ ܺ ħ ߻ϴ ̴.

Ҹ 鸮 ʴµ ļ ߰Ͽٸ ȯϸ ǹǷ ſ Ҹ 鸱 ǰ ߻ ´.

7.   dz  Ǵ ڿ – ش ö WD40 Ѹ ذȴ.

8.   ϴܿ & Ҹ – ڵ Ͽ콺 Ŀ (wheel house cover) ļյ ̷  ߻

ڵ Ͽ콺 ũ Ŀ öƽ ǰ ƴϰ ӵ ۾̴.

¦ ų 쿡 Ǹ ϴ õѴ.

9.   Ѳ õ ȴ – ϵž Ҹ 鸰.

Ҹ ƾ ϴµ, ظ ѹ ̻ ö WD40 Ѹ, Ǹ ̸ Ѹ .

10. 뿡 㳢 ͶѶ Ҹ – ε ࿡ ū .

11. 뿡 ͽ Ҹ (ݼ Ҹ, ݼ Ҹ) –  ( ټ  Ǵ []  Ǵ )

ִ ڵ 쿡 ټǺ Ǹ ̷ Ҹ ټ  ü ־ Ѵ.

ټǺ Ÿֺ̹Ʈ ϴ ǰ̸, Ž Ҹ ܿ ջ ߻Ѵ.

ջ Ϸ ̾ ĩ ջ Ƿ ټ  ü Ҿ ٺ ؾ Ѵ.

, []  Ҹ . , Ҹ  Ҹ.

150,000km μ Ÿ̹ Ʈ ȯ Բ ȯϴ õѴ.

12. 뿡 ݼ Ҹ (ݼ Ҹ) – ޽ ö (fly wheel) ҷ (̱ ޽ öٿ Ͽ ϳ ε巯 )

ö ִ ֱ ñ . (κ Ǫ ڵ ö ٰ )

߰ öٿ Ҹ ٸ õ ĺ Ҹ Ѵ.

ö õ Ͱ õ õ Ŀ ¿ Ͽ ȸ ̼ǿ ϴ Ѵ.

, ѹ õ Ŀ ׳ ̶ ȴ.

̼ Żؾϴ ۾μ .

, ߻ ʴ ڵ ñ ߻ϴ ִ.

Ϲ ߻ϴ ߻ϹǷ DCT ̼ ̼ǿ Ͽ ö ſ ۿ .

δ DCT ̼ǿ ö ؾ ö ϴ ü ִٰ .

13. (ܿö ) ͽ Ķ Ҹ 1 – Ŵ ȭ , Ǵ ȭ

Ŵ 10 km ü ϴ Ѵ.

׷ ϰ ˸ ߻ ִ.

14. (ܿö ) ͽ Ķ Ҹ 2 PCV ο з Ͽ ο

PCV 40,000km üؾ ϸ, PCV ȣ ü ־ Ѵ.

PCV ۵ п ö پִ 극(membrane) ̴ ̹Ƿ

Ŵ ȭ Է PCV ۵ ް ؾ Ѵ.

PCV ԵǴ з ġ õ ڵ Ǹ, з ˸ ִ.

ο ִµ PCV ٸ.

PCV PCV ȣ Ⱑ ǰμ ִ 40,000km ü ־ ϸ ſ ǰμ ûҷ ذ ʴ´.

PCV ȣ(pipe, hose) ̵ ̵ Ʒ ɰ ߱ Ƿ 40,000km ݵ ü õѴ.

          <PCV >

                          (ȥպ) ߻

                          ȸ Ҿ Ǵ ȭ ߻

                          õ ȵǴ ߻

                          Ҹ ÷ 򿬱 ߻

          <PCV >

                          з ϹǷ ݵǴ 찡 ߻

                          з ϹǷ Ͼ, ջ ߻

                          ο PCV 긦 ϴ ƴ Ǹ ͽ Ķ Ҹ ߻

PCV ġ ȸ縶 ڵ ġ ° ٸ ؾ ϸ ũ 3 .

ǰ ȣ ȣ(breather hose, pipe) ߰ 긦 Ͽ Ǿ ִ (ش ǰ ¿ Ҹ 鸲)

ȣ ȯؾ Ѵ.

Ǹ ص Ŀ (Ŀ Ŀ) ü Ǿ ִ

Ŀ Ŀ ȣ Ǿ Ƿ Ŀ Ŀ ° ü.

Ŀ Ŀ 극 (membrane) ǰ پ ų

Ǵ ũũ̽ ȣ ߰ 극 (membrane) ־ 翡 и (oil separator) θ.

ũũ̽ ȣ ȣ(Crankcase Breather pipe) ü Ǿ ִ :

ٶ μ PCV PCV ȣ ũũ ȣ ȣ 3 ü ü.

15. 뿡 ӵ ٴٴ ݼ ϸ Ҹ ߻

100,000km ߻ ִ. ٸ 200,000km ̻󿡼 쵵 ְ ƿ ִ.

Ϲ ʱ õ(ð) ٴٴ Ҹ 鸮 ÿ .

2,000cc ʰ ⷮ , 2,000cc ʰ ͺ ָ Ǵ 2,000cc ʰ ߻ϸ, ϴ ߻ .

ٰ ҿ ° ü ؾ Ѵٰ ٴϸ ȵȴ. ䷹ ȯ ũ ȴ!

 ䷹ Ȼδ ϳ ü ؾ Ѵ.

ġÿ ䷹ ļսñ ٸ Ÿֹ̹Ʈ 簡 Ͽ üؾ Ѵ.

16. 뿡 ӵ ٴٴ ݼ Ҹ PCSV

ڽ ̵ַ ̹Ƿ ִ 100,000km ̳ ü ؾ Ѵ.

17. ڼ – õ ƴϰ on ¿ 鸰ٸ ̴. ° üؾ Ѵ.

ణ ̱ ־ üĿ Ҹ 鸮 ο üؾ Ѵ.

̾ Ҹ ׳ Ÿ ࿡ ƹ ڰ Ű ̴.

18. ڼ ״ Ҹ – ش ڼ ν(bushing) ȭ (ex. Ǻ Ǻ ν)

 

(vibration) ƴ϶ ġ Ҵ. 1 ٿ ϴµ, ٺ ̶ . ϴ! ⷮϼ, , Ŭ, Ҽ (ϼ, RPMϼ) Ŀ. , Ϲ MPI ָ Ͽ, GDI ũ. ġδ Ҹ ִµ, δ BSM(balance shaft module)̶ ǰ , ܺδ ̷̹ Ҹ Ʈ(engine mount)̶ ǰ ִ. Ʈ  ݵ Ǿ ְ, Ʈ ȿ ʹ 翬ϴ. ݴ BSM̶ ǰ ִ ܼ ̺й ִ. ǰ ο 翬 ȿ ְ, Ǹ, ̿ ڵ ڸѵ, ݴ δ ö󰡸 , ũ , ̰Ե Ǵ ӿ BSM ִ.

׷ 2010 ڵ Ŀ 翬 ־ ϴ ߴµ, ʷ(?) BSM Ŀ ڵ ˷ ִ. ó BSM Ϳ ؼ , ݵ ׷ ʴٴ ϰ Ǿ. , BSM ְ ڵ ϴµ, ڵ ǰ , 2,000cc ̻ MPI BSM Ҹ Ҹ ִ. ̰ , 2,400cc ̻ MPI ʼ BSM ־ ϸ, 1,600cc MPI ֱ ̹ ȯ Ű澲 check ȯ ֱ Ű澲 ū ٴ , 1,600cc ̻ GDI 2,000cc ̻ MPI Ƿ ſ Ű Ѵ١ ִ.

 

BSM ſ ߿ϴ. Ұ پ , ״ 10 km ܿ ݵ ߻ ִ. ǥ ޸ 2007 V6 ִ BSM Ͽ ߻Ͽ ڵ ۾ û ߻ ؾ ϴ Ȳ ߻Ͽ, Ŀ ȭ ǰ Ǿ. 2013 Ÿ ķ 2.5 ״µ ڵ Ͽ ش ǰ Ϸ  ߻ ˷ ִ.

ڵ ̴ κ ο ݵ ؾ Ѵٴ ö ƾ Ѵ! EŬ 2007 V6 Ŵ ⷮ ϴ ÷ 븦 öƽ Ͽ ش ڵ 10 km ̻󿡼 κ ļյǴ 巯 翡 ش ǰ öƽ ˷̴ ü ִ.

ڵε ش 뷱 Ʈ ǰ Ǵ ü ǰ ľ ʿϴٸ ǥ ø ȣ Ȯ ȴ.

Benz M272 No. 2729.. 30 468993 -> ȣ 468993 Ĵ ǰ.

Benz M273 No. 2739.. 30 088611 -> ȣ 088611 Ĵ ǰ.

׷, ø ȣ ? ȣ Ͽ ľ ϴ. ͳ ̷ ִ ִ.

ǥ http://mbepc.net/en  ȣ Էϸ (Search by vin, Free VIN Check) ޿ ߴµ Chassis Engine no ش ľ ִ.

Benz eŬ 272943 30 662629 Ǿ ִ. M272ε 468993 ǰμ ش ǰ ʿ䰡 ٴ ǹ̴.

 

׷ ⼭ ȣ ǹϴ ٴ?

ȣ 17 ڿ ĺ Ǿ ִ QRڵ峪 ڵ ٰ ȴ.

󿡼  簡  Ͽ ش.

1° ڸ: (ѱ K, Ϻ J, W, )

2° ڸ: ڵ 귣μ ø (޸ D, ٰհ V, ƿ A, )

3° ڸ: ڵ

4° ڸ ~ 9ڸ: ڵ Ư (Vehicle Attributes) – ÷, , ӱ , Body , ɼ , ǥ eŬ U̳ W210 J ǥ ű Ѵ.

10° ڸ: ź. 1980 A ǥϸ, ߰ ڿ ȥǴ I, O, Q, U, Z ϰ 2000 Y ǥõǸ, 2001ʹ 1 Ѵ. 7 Ǿ ִٴ 2007⵵ ǹ.

11° ڸ: ۰ ( U, ƻ A, ٶ踶 H, )

12 ~ 17° 6ڸ: ڵ ȣ

 

ָ ϸ? ó ӽ Ŵ´. , ƹ ֽ SŬ ϴ Ҹ 鸰.

ָ Ҹ ̴ Ѵ. , ָ Ҹ MPI ̳ GDI ̳ Turbo ̳ ̰ ƴ϶ Ѵ.

, ƹ MPI ̴ָ (11.1:1 ̻) ƴ Ҹ Ű ó ӽÿ 鸰.

, ֽ ָ GDI (л) ̰ų Turbo (ͺ) ָ  Ҹ 鸮  Ҹ 鸮 ʴ ٸ ̴.

 

ѱ ڵ ( ͸ ϰ) ſ Ѵ. ؿܿ Ӻ õ̴. ڵ ƴ϶ 񽺷ᰡ ǰ񺸴 δ. ǥ Ƿ. ̱ ġư ĵ ġ ϰ ٰ ѱ ͼ ġѴٴ . 츮 ŷ ̰ 񽺷 ֽ~ ̵ Ѵ. Ǿ ¥ ֽ~ ǹ̷ ؼdz, Ӻ, ΰǺ  شϴ ð Ѵ.

 

ڵ ȭǾ ʹ ޸ ޽ µǸ 忡 ҿ ˷ִ ۿ , ߸ϴٰ ٰ ź ް ȴ.

-                õ ɸ ü 迭 ڱϸ ణ ̸ – <ӵ (speed sensor)> ü  (vs. ̼ ü 鸸)

-                ̵̷ Ǿ ȵǾϴ – (vs. ͸ )

-                ABS & ESP <극ũ ġ (break switch)> Ǵ < ǵ (wheel speed sensor)> ü ڵ  (vs. ABS ü 鸸)

-                ABS & ESP & ASR <ESP ǰ> ȯ ʿ Ǵ < ǵ > ü Ǵ <ESP & ASR > ü

-                P N ȣ Ҹ: ſ پ ɼ Ѵ.

Neutral Switch (Inhibitor Switch) : 1 ̰ Ȯ ʿ䰡 ִ. P N ϱ ̴.

ñ (Gear Lever Selector) ν ü

ñ Cable

ñ ġ

Shift Lock Actuator Ǵ ҷ

Break Switch

ٵ ñ Cable : õÿ P Ǵµ D P ȯ P ȣ

 

Ͽ ִٸ? ٷ ڵ (manual, Ŵ)̴.

̰ ְ û ִ. ݵ ؾ ϸ, нϿٸ Ͽ ġ ʿ䰡 ִ.

 

ڵ ſ <ġ > ǰ ִµ ǰ ҷ ָ ߻Ѵ. ̷ ǰ ֱ ֱ ü ִ ٶϴ.

Break Switch: (ҷ) ABS & ESP ߻. 15 km .

Window Switch: (ҷ) â ۵.

Inhibitor Switch (Neutral Switch): ̼ǿ PDNR ӷ ġ ȣ TCU ϴ . ڱ Ư PDNR ȣ ν ̼ AS Ŀ ߻ϴ . ġ ȭ Ǹ, ߸ . ġ Ȯ Ȯ Ȳ Ͽ õ ȵǴ ߻ϰų Parking ӿ Parking ƴ ġ ְ Ǿ ̳ ڷ ̵ϴ ߻ϴ ġ ߻ϰ ȴ. , ӷ ġ TCU ߸ ˷ְ ǹǷ ġ ȴ.

ð ġ: (ҷ) ð µ , 2000 ߹ݱ 2 ϳ ð ϰ ϳ ϰ Ǿ ִ. ð ð ġ ϰ dz, (fan) ū ϳ ð¼  Ѵ.

ð : (ҷ)

AFS (air flow sensor, ): (ҷ) rpm Ҿ鼭 .

() ӵ (vehicle speed sensor): ״ ڵ ӵ ϱ μ ߻Ѵ.

          õɸ 迭 ڰŸ ణ ̸

          ݴ Pȣ .

ӵ (wheel speed sensor): ӵ μ ABS & ESP

Ʋ ġ (throttle position sensor, TPS): Ʋ ġ ˷ִ

          RPM 鸮ٵ ڵ ʴ´ٸ TPS ִµ TPS еǸ 켱 ûҸ ϰ ûҸ Ͽ ذ ȵǸ ü

          TPS üϿµ ȸ RPM Ÿ ȸ ӵ ġ (ISA (idle speed acduator), ISC (idle speed controller)) Ϳ ִ μ ο ī ̹ ִ 찡 . ISA ûҸ ϸ dz ڽ ISA ô ûҽ 峯 , ڵ ISA ī ̹ ׿ ECU н ϱ ̻ ״ ϴ ٶ.

( ): ˸ Ŀ 2 پ ִµ, (ҷ) ϰ ߻Ѵ.

() : µ .

(̼) : ̼ µ . (ҷ) ECU û ECU ðÿ ε ȣ ƴ϶ ʰ ȴ.

 

ڵ ý۵ پ ִ.

ABS (Anti-Lock Brake System): ڵ ϱ 극ũ ý

TCS (Traction Control System): ̲ų, ¿ ȸ ̰ ְų, Ÿ̾ ũ ۵. ߰ų 극ũ ڵ ɾ Ѵ. ۿϴ 4 ۿϴ ý ִ. λȲ ο ɷ , 帮Ʈ ǵ ̲ ϹǷ ࿡ ٶϴ.

ESP (Electronic Stability Program, ü ڼ ġ, ý): μ ABS TCS ϸ鼭 ΰ ϴ ̿ܿ ̾ Ȳ ŽϿ ȭ Ű μ ϴ ġ. Ŀ곪 濡 Ȳ Ͽ ǵ ڼ Ͽ ǵ ϰ ϴ ý. μ 븦 1ʴ 25ȸ Ͽ ¸ ľϴµ ESP ڵ break з ϰų ũ ߸ų ڵӱ⸦ ϰ ȴ. , ABS TCSܿ ߰ Ⱒ (Steering Angle Sensor), ȸ ӵ (Yaw Rate Sensor), Ⱦӵ (Lateral G-Sensor), з¼(Pressure Sensor) ϰ ȴ. 1994 ʷ ǥϿ 1995 SŬ (C140) ó ȭϿ. & ̳ Ư 縶 ̸ ٸ θ ִ. [VDC (Vehicle Dynamic Control, ʱ), VSM (Vehicle Stability Management, ), ESC (Electronic Stability Control, ٰ, ), DSC (Dynamic Stability Control, BMW), PSM (Porsche Stability Management, ), VDIM (Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management, Ÿ), DSTC (Dynamic Stability and Traction Control, ), S-ESC (Sensitive-Electronic Stability Control, ѱGM), ֿڵ ̼ ޾Ƽ 簡 ־ ׷ ESP  ״ ]

ASR (Acceleration Skid Control, Anti-Wheel Skate System, ̲ ý): ó ٴڰ ̲ ϴ ý. ȭѼ ߽ó ÿ ش.

EBA (Emergency Brake Assist, ġ): ִġ ÷ Ÿ Ű, Ȳÿ ֵ Ѵ.

 

ڵ <(valve)> ִµ ݵ ֱ ü ؾ Ѵ.

ð ŸƮ(thermostat): ׸ ɰ ŰǷ ð ü Բ ü ϴ ٶϴ.

̼ : ̼ǿ ð Ͽ ð Ű ϹǷ δ ̷ äϳ, Ǵ Ʃ ̼ 𷯸 ϰ Ǵµ ѿ ܿ£ ǹǷ ̼ 𷯿 75 ̼ 긦 ϰ ȴ. 갡 峪 ̼ǿ ɰ ŰǷ 30,000km Ǵ ̼ ȯø ݵ üϴ ٶϴ. , ̼ 𷯿 ̼ 긦 ϴ ڵ 쿡 ̼ 긦 ̼ ϴ ָ ȸ ʾƵ ǹǷ ̼ ŭ ̼ ߰ ȴ. Ư ܿ£ ū ȴ. ¿ ̼ 긦 ̼ ʿ ϰ ȴٸ ̼ 𷯷 ȣٰ 硱 Ǵ ָ ̼ ȣ ϰ κп ˷̴ δ ܿö ū ȴ. ׷ ̼ ȣ ü Ͽ ̼ Ͽ ǹǷ ſ ʰ ̼ Ǵ Ÿ, Ư ܿö ϰ ִٸ ϴ.

̵ַ (solenoid valve): ̼ ܼ ̼ Ϻο ִ ̼ ٵ(valve body) Ͽ ̼ ϴ ε, ̼ ٵ ̵ַ 갡 ִ. ο ִ ܼ ̵ַ in-out ̵ַ 갡 ִ(Main pressure regulation valve & Converter pressure valve). ̵ַ 꿡 ߻ϴ δ ڵ ÿ , ðÿ ޸ ߿ (4 ̼ ) 3 ̰ Ǹ鼭 Gearbox Locking Activated ޽ ߰ ȴ. (Gearbox Fault ٸ. Gearbox Fault ״ ̵ַ ӿ ִ μ Ϲ ̵ַ 길 üϸ dz, Gearbox Locking Activated ̵ַ ü  ̹ ΰ ϰ Ǿ ̼ 帧 Ŀ ̼ ȣϱ Ͽ ϰ ִ 3 Ű . ׷ ΰ ̼ ٵ Ǹ, ̵ַ길 üÿ ѽ ذ Ƿ ٵ ü û & ̵ַ ü Ǵ ٵ ü ü õ). ȹδ 80,000km ̼ ü ̵ַ in-out  2(Main pressure regulation valve & Converter pressure valve) üϰ 150,000km ܿ ٵ ü ȯ Ǵ ٵ û ̵ַ ü ־ Ѵ. ⼭ ٵ𿡴 ̼ ִµ 100,000km ܺ ߻ Ƿ ٵ Բ üѴٸ Ұ ŵǴ ̴. ڵ ű׳ʽó ̼ Ͱ ο ִ ZF4 ̼ 쿡 ̼ ü ֱ⸦ ª Ѵ. ̷ ̼ ʹ Ͷ ٴ ׳ ´.

 

׸ ڵ <(pump)> ִµ 쿡 Ÿ üϸ ȴ.

: ָ ؾ Ͱ ʹ ޸ ü̶ ̴. ָ ü ʿ䰡 ٰ ϴ 150,000km ܿ ڵ Ÿ ִٸ üϸ ڵ û ° ԰ ذ ̴. ٸ ٴ Ͽ.

: ߻ϸ üؾ Ѵ.

̼ : ߻ϸ üؾ Ѵ. ̼ ڵ ޸ٰ ߰ ȴ ¿ .

Ŀ : ״ н ڵ ε ״ ۵ Ҵɿ ش (ȣ, ġ, ) Ǵ üϸ ȴ.

 

ڵ . ڵ ذ ٸ. ڵ δ ּ 10 ̻ , Ÿδ ּ 20 ̻ . 10 Ͽ ̸ 10 , ̻ ߴٰ ִ. Ÿ Ǿ鼭 ĵ Ȱ ϸ鼭 ڵ ٶ ִ. ù EF Ÿ. ߰ Ͽµ 2 Ÿ ׷XG ٲپ. 7 ߰µ 6 Ÿ ü Ͽ. ̷ ġ 13 ̾. ʹ Ͱ 忡 ϴ Բ ź ¿ ſ Ҵ.

 

ÿ شѴ. ڽ κ ϴ , ־ ϴ , Ʈ(lift) ִ ϴ , ϴ ƴϳ õ ִ ִ , ϴ ƴϳ ü ִ پϴ. ڵ 쿡 ־ κ̳ ƹ . κ ״ ׳ , ׷ ʰ ޺ پ. Ư, ̳ ܿ£ ߸ٰ ȴ. ׷ Ϸ. ε鵵 Ʈ , , , 󰡿 , ÿ ؿ ° پ ֵ ؿ ۿ . ̱ó о ڵ â ѱ 忡 ǹ ̸鼭 1 2 δ. Ϸ Ⱑ ö󰡹Ƿ ʴ. , 忡 ڵ Ⱑ 鿡 Ϸ ʴ. ִٴ °ġ, Ͽ Ⱑ ʰ ״ ӹ ǹǷ ʴ. 10 ׷ XG ǹ 忡 ƹ , ȸ Ҿ Ʈ Ȱ ־ ξµ νĵǰ Ǯ Ǿ.

鿡 ִ. ֻմ ̸鵵  ִ ̰ ϴ 찡 ִµ, ܼ °ġ, ش ǹ ȭ簡 ߻ϸ ҹ ɰ 糭 ߻ϰ ȴ. ݵ Ͽ ̰ ϴ ڼ ʿϴ.

Ͽ ( ߸ ) ϹŰ ڵ  N õ Ǿ, ƮŰ ڵ  N õ ʴ ߻ϸ鼭  P ٴ ޼ ´. ̷ ϴ ư ٹ濡 ִ Ʈ (Shift Lock Release) ư̴. P õ Ʈ (Shift Lock Release) ư N ̵ ϰ ȴ.

 

ڵ ʼǰ Ѿ ǰ ȭϴ ȸ ϴ , .

ʰ ߴ. 30 ٷ â Ͽ ѹ̿ Ⱓ ذߴ. ߱ε , , Ϸ 3 ٴ ͵ ƹ ʰ ߴ.

34 ȸ翡 ʿϿ 9ν ƮXG , ȸ Ͽ. ߴ Ѵٰ ٷ ӵθ ̴. ٵ ǥ ƴϾ. ׷ װ ֿ ϴ ̴ Ѱ谡 ־.

36 ߼ ߰ ŸEF, ְ Ǿ. ϰڴ ϰ Ⱑ ־µ, 36 ʿ ߿ 񸮸 ݵ ̴. ؼ ༭ ۼϰ ǰ϶ Ͽ ش , ̻ϰԽø ǰ ǰ ٲ ̴. ȲϿ ã ϸ ش ϰ ߻ϰ,. ľǵ ٷδ ش ٸ δ ڽ μ ٷϴ . , ȸ ڽ ȸ ̸, ȸ ̾. Ȳ ٷϴ ġ ä Ͽ, ΰ ٻϿ ȸ 鳢 ΰ踦 ̴ ̾. ߴ ش ɰ ľǵǾ ޿ ϰ ´. Ѵ ȸ ֱ Ͽ, ش ū Ҹ ġ鼭 ޿ û ̶ ū Ҹ , ޵ 縦 غ 񸮸 ľǵǾ, Ͽ. ش ľϿ ̶ ݵ 𸣰 ̸, ٸ 鵵 ˰ ִ ̴. ټ ߵϿ 36 ߼ ٷ ϰ Ⱑ ̴. ȰϿ ö ڼ ̴. ƴϾٸ Ƹ ڵ ſſ ʾ ѹ̿ ߱ Ⱓ Ͽ ȸȴ. ش 6 ٹ ȸǴµ, Ͽ Ƿ Ǿ. ȸ翡 Իϱ ȸ翡 ٹ ڿµ, ȭ ϴ Ȳ ٹϿ ȸ ι̳ ϴ ι̶󳪡. óϰ . ù Ȱ ſ ߿ϴ.

ó Ѵ޿ 𼭸 3̳ δļ ΰ ϰ ִ. , ȸ ö󰡴ٰ ִ. ϴ . ȥڼ ȵǰڴ ;, . Ʈ ̹(best driver) ںϴ 7 Ͽ ϸ Ѹ ư鼭 ޾Ҵ. Ư ̾. ̵κ Ͽ츦 Ŀ ڽŵ ڽ پ. ķ ȸ ϴ ָ ȸ ش.

ϴ ߸ ħ ִ. ʺڵ鿡 ڽ ϶. ϴ ִ. ߸ ̴. ʺڿ ڽ ϶ ϸ 100% . ڽ õõ ϶. ̴. ڿ ƹ ŷ ؾ Ѵ. ʺ ڷμ õõ Ͽ ġ ͺ 翬 ٶϴ. , ʺ ˸ ȳ ̸ Ÿ ʰ ׳ ư. õϴ ʺڿ δ ʺ! 3ð°!. õõ ϴ ڽ ɷ¿ ݾ ߾ ӵ ö󰡰 ȴ. ʺڿ ڽŰ ϶ ϴ ο شѴ. ٵ ̸ ζ ȥ Ȳ Ǹ õõ ̴.

 

, κ ϰ ؾ Ѵٴ ٵ ˰ ִ. ׷ ߸ ˰ ִ ִ. Ͽ Ǵٽ ð ٽ ʿ ٷ ϸ ȴ. ׷ ׶ ϴ ִ. ϴ. ڵ ڸ RPM谡 ִ. ð õ ɸ RPM 1,000 Ű 鸰. ð Ǹ RPM Ͽ ð ϴٺ 700 RPM Ų. ص غ ǹѴ. Ͽ ٽ õ ɾ RPM 1,000 ϴ ƴ϶ 700 RPM Ű ִٸ ٷ ü ص ̴. ħ Ư ܿ£ õ 700 RPM ٸ ʿ . ſ ð ҿDZ ̴. 1,000 RPM ִġ ٴ ġ ġ ̱ Ŀ õõ ̱ ϸ ȴ. Ͽ ٽ õ ɾ 1,000 RPM ƴ϶ ġ ϰ ִٸ ٷ õõ ̱ ϸ ȴ.

Ư ָ ޸ ڵ µ ¿ ڰȭ ȭ Ͼ ̿ϴ ̹Ƿ ħ ʱ ʱ õ ȵ ִ. ذϱ Ͽ ָ ޸ ڵ ÷װ ִ. ڵ ÷װ 峭ٸ <õ ɸ õ ʰ ɸ > ߻Ѵ. õ ʰ ɸ ִٸ ÷׸ üؾ Ѵ.

ġ ȭ ƴ϶ Ⱑ ȯ 鿡 ߿ϴ. ˸ µ ̸ Ѵٸ عⰡ عⰡ ȯŰ ˸ Ѵ. ȯ 鿡 õ ٷ ϴ ٶ ϴ. Ϻ ˸ Ͽ ˸ Ⱑ ޷ֱ⵵ ϴ. 2007⿡ Ǫ 307cc Ͽ ȯ Ͽ ̷ ġ ΰǾ ִ.

 

ʳ ڵ ȭ ̳, װ ش ̴. ϰ ִµ ū ̴.

̶ ǰϸ ھ Ѵ. ΰ κ ƴ ̻ ϸ Ƿΰ ãƿ ʹ 翬ϴ. 쿡 Ͽ찡 ܼ ѹα ġ Ͽ λ̵ ̵ ٳ ͵ ƹ ʴ. ѽð ϰ ݵ ްԼ ڼ ʿϴ. , Ÿ ִ ѽð 븦 ؾ Ѵ. ȸ ѽð ϸ ݵ 븦 Ͽ ð Ѵ.

ݴ, ѵ, ڿ 󵵸 Ƿ ۿ . ڿ 󵵰 0.05% ̻ʹ ܼӿ ɸµ, ڿ 󵵴 ð 0.015% Ѵ. ü߿ ڿ 󵵴 ٸ. 1,000cc 56kg 0.092% Ǵµ, 60kg 0.086% ȴ. , Ϲ ڴ 2 (ַδ 1) 2ð Ŀ ū ġ ´. ׷ ̻ Ƿ ġ̸, Ȯ ϸ, ٶ 븮 ϴ ڼ̴.

 

ݱ ڵ ִ. ѱ Ŵ λ ڵ δ 2000 ڵ ׷ TG ̴.

 Ĵ ģ ׷ ߽ϴ!

Ҵµ ļ ׷ ûҳ ͼ  ׷ źΰ .

޸ ѱ ڵ ź ġ ǥϴ ſſ ϴ. ڵ Ʈ() -> ƹݶ -> Ÿ -> ׷ -> ׽ý () ġ ǥѴٰ ұ. ߸ ȸ ̳ θ θ ó ̶ ϰڴ. ó ƹݶ ϰ Ͽµ, Ǹ ּ Ÿ ž ʰڽϱ? ݹ Ͽ ־.

 

ڵ λ (⵵ ⵵ ޸ ޸ ) Ǫ 205 30 ٷȴٴ Ǫ 208GTi (New Peugeot 208 GTi 30th) ƿ Ʈ Ű 븦 ö󰡴 Ŵ´. ϰ ִ. Ǫ ġ顱 ̰, ƿ 4 ܡμ 濡 ̴.

 

ؿ ڵ ī λ ij Ŵ´. ϸ鼭 .

ij ̱ Ǵ ̱ 뺯ϰ ˸ ˰ ִ ְ Ÿ ڵ 귣.

׷,

We dont just make luxury cars. We make Cadillacs.

ڸ,

츮 Ÿ ڵ( ڵ) ʽϴ. 츮 ij ϴ.

 

ڵ ׷, Ǫ 208GTi, ƿ Ʈ پ ϰ <ڵ ð ȭ ū > ޴ ǰ̴.

ڵ ȭ ǥ ü ޸ E-Ŭε ȭ ⿬Ͽ.

1997 , 2006 Ÿڵ, 2008 ⿬ Ƽ, 2009 ̿ , 2014 Ȳ Ͽ, 2015 ڵ, .

øȭ 007 ø ī ⿬ϳ, 007 ȭ ȿ شȭ ڵ ƴ϶ ð.

ӽ ʱ ð ѷ 긶 ް ͷ ӽ ð谡 Ǿ. 007 ӽ ðϸ ް ͸ ø, ȭ ϳ ް ã ε ȴ. , â 긶ʿ Ĺݱ ̿ 007 ӽ ð ڻ ð谡 , (007 ȭ ð踦 ߰ڴٰ ) 簨 ٽǴ.

007 ȭ ø ( ϰ) ڵ 迡 ϴ ǥϴ ǰ 2 ڵ ð谡 PPL ϴ ʹ.

Ư 007 ȭ ⿬ϴ ð <ѷ 긶, ް , , ع ޻ PSR ( ð)> 4 ü ⿬Ͽ. ÿ ð踦 ڸ ѷ ް.

 

̹ ¡Ѵ. ϴ ٰ ϴ ڵ ƽ̴. ƽ ϸ鼭 ϴ 𵨷 Ͽ, ƽϸ ̽  ϴٰ Ͽ ̽ ׷ ̹ ø. , ƽ Ű ڶ ִٰ Ѵ. ڵ ó δٴ ϰ ڰ Ѵ. ׷, ݱ õ ڵ Ծ ϰ ̸ ڵ κ Ͽ. ڵ ƴ ϸ ̹ ڵ ƽ ƴ϶ ʳⰣ ̹ Ͽ Ǫ ڵ ũ. Ǫ ڵϸ Ÿ ϴ 2 μ, ѱ ƴ϶ ٰó ̹ ִ. , ̹ ƴ϶ Ǫ Ͽ ̹ ˰ 𸣰 Ǿ ִ. ƽ . ͳ ƽƽϴٶ Ҵ. ƽƽϴ. 귣ó ƽƽϴ. αⰡ ƽƽϴ١.

ڵ 귣? ̵塯 ֿ üǡ̴. ǰ ΰ α ǰ ش о ǥ ڿ. ׷ 귣 źͰ ʳ ִ 귣忴. ̵尡 1997 ڵ ü ƹ  ̾, ִٴ ü û ̾. űٰ ʷ ǿ뼺 ̵ μ ڵ ϰ ϴ ̵ α û ӵǾ. ׸, κ ڵ ڴ 翬 ̾. ǰ ̵(pride) 츮 ɡ̶ ε , ̵ ڵ Ѵٴ ״ ־ ٵ η ߴ. ׷ ʳ پϰ ִ ڵ Ǵ ׸ 뺯Ѵٴ Ϳ 귣̴.

ü ƴ. 1997⿡ ƴ Ƿ Ե ƴ ȸ̳ Ÿ ڵ, ѱ ǥϴ ̾. , ڵ ʷ ̰Ա ô ǰ̴. , 1999 4 ں 2 ѹα 湮Ͽ õDZ⵵ Ͽ. ǰ ü(chairman) 츮 ȸԡ̶ ε ʳ پϰ ִ ڵ Ǵ ȸ ѱ ʴ´ٴ Ϳ Ѱ谡 ִ 귣̴.

ؿܿ ǰ ִ. ٰջ ư ڵε ٰ ǰ̴. ϴٽ ٰ ƴ ǥϴ 귣 ȸε, ٰտ ƯȭϿ ϰ ̰ ư α ٽǴ. ư ü ٰ ȸ 귣 ũ. ư ϸ κ 𸣴´. ׷ ư ڵ ũ ̴ٰ. ƹ ū ε ϰڴ°? ݴ Ϻ ǥü Ÿ ó ڵ 귣 иϿ (Lexus) ״. Ÿ Ͽ ϸ ΰ ڵ εǾ , Ÿϸ ׳ εǾ ִ. Ÿ ״ Ȱ ٷ ڵ ׽ý и ̰ ̴.

ȸ, ǰ ϸ, ð(̵) (ü) ʴ ǰ ȴٴ ִ.

 

귣 ð迡 ȴ. ĵ Ÿ ð踦 а ϶ 귣 ü ġ ϶ ʾҴ. ݸ ð踦 Ļ ־ 𸣳 ð ð ȥ Ͽ 귣 ü ϶ Դ. ̰Ե ĵ ֿ ڴ ð ƴ϶ ſ پ ð赵 ǸѴ. ̰Ե 5 ð ſ Ǹ ðӿ ð躸ٵ ð ϸ, Ϲ ð Ȧ ݺٵ Ǹŵǰ 忡 (׷ ڸ ) ð ׸ Ѵ. ϸ 𸣳 ð ǰ̶ غ ڴ ̹ ߸ ִ ̴. ڿ ð踦 5 ׷ ڰ ƴ϶ 귣 ð ȸ лϿ Ͽٸ 귣 ġ κ Ǿ ð 翡 ϴ Ϻ 귣尡 Ǿ ʾ . Ÿ ó.

ð迡 귣 ϴ ѷ Ŵ´. ѷ ǰ ʸ, Ǿ η , ѷ 귣 ϰ Ȯϰ ִ 鸲 Ѵ. κ ð ȸ ο ð迡 õ , ѷ ű ö ʴ´. Ϻ ϸ <Ȯ > . ׷ ѷ ð Generation to Generation̴. ü ū ȭ  ߰ ð谡 ݺ ð ̰ ִ. 귣 ߱ ε, ̰Ե  Ĵ ǰ ġ ϰ ִ.

ںǿ ¼ ü Թٶ ȯӿ ϼ Ȯ ð踦 Ͽµ װ ٷ ں ð ¡ ѷ ð迴ٴ ̷ϴ. ü Թٶ ѷ áٰ Ͽ ü Թٶ ǰ ŴϾư ƴұ ظ ؼ ȵȴ. ü Թٶ ô뿡 ִ ߰ ð迩 ȯ濡 ð迴. , ѷ ź ö ʱ ѷ < ϰ ص Ȯ > ȫ ǥ Ͽ ʱ⿡ ð ƴϾ. , ĵ ð ħ ӿ ʴ < Ȯ> <ŷڼ > ׾ư ⿡ Ͽ ȯ Ͽ ġ Ѵ. Ÿ ƽ Խ ð ¿ õdz, ѷ θ Ǯ ϴ ð η ɼ δٰ ǴϿ 󵵸 ּȭϱ ƽ ڵ ε ý ʷ Ϳ ٸ. ũ ġ ̽ ̽ ѷ ε ܺ ̹ ּȭ ϱ ̾. , ѷ ð ö ð 귣 īÿ ð ִ.

ѷ ǰ Ͽ (copy) ð 1 ϰ , ȭ ǰ ǰε Ѵ. ѱ ȭ <ż> ߱ ѷ ǰ ٴϰ ѷ ǰ ִ 鵵 , ѱ ȭ <δŷ> ȸ ð ѷ µ û ī޶ ¥ ѷ ٲġϴ 鵵 ´. , ȸԵ ѷ ִ.

ѷ ϰ ִ ǰ ð̳, μ ذ ȵǴ ǰ ð ü ѷ. ѷ ǥϴ ðδ ̹ð 긶ʸ ϴ Ʈ(DayJust). 츮 ˰ ִ ð ¥â ʷ ü ѷ̸, Ư ¥â Ŭӽâ̶ Ͽ 2.5 Ȯ ְ ϴ ѷ ̴. ð μ ѷ ġʴ¡ ϴٺ â Ͽ ū ũⰡ 36mmμ ð źϴٰ ֱٿ Ʈ2 Ͽ 41mm ũ ð赵 Ͽ Ͽ. , ѷ ¡ϴ ð ð Ǹ ٰ þ ú ̰ Ǵ ߰Ѵ. ǰ̶ ܾ ڸ ȵǴ ðٷ ϴ ̴. ߱ ð ð (ݼ ü ) ѷ Ⱓ ϸ (ݼ  )̶ ˰ԵǸ ̰ ǰ ð谡 ´° ǹ Բ ̴. Ȳ 1988⿡ ̸ â ũ â() ̾ Ͽ ٽ ̴. ݵ ǰ ִ Ƽ ѷ Ʈ ˴ ũ μ Ǹ ѿ δ. ̿ ٸ (, , ̾ ) ͱݼ ǰ ð谡 ´ ѹ DZ ǰ ϴ. ᱹ Ͽ ʷμ ٸ  ð躸 ϴٴ ε ̰Ե ٸ  ¥ ð踦 ó ̰ ȴ. ð ۻ پ ð õԿ ѷ ʳⰣ ð(bracelet) 3 .

ܴ ̽ (Oyster) (̹ ) Ǵ ð迡 ַ

(Jubilee) – ð

Ʈ (President) – ߳ ð迡 ַ

̳ ű ð 3 ִٶ ѷ ź ġ Ѵ.

 ð ο ڸ ʴ ƴұ 𸣳, ̰Ե ѷ Generation to Generation ϴ ̴. ʳ ѷ ð踦 ߴ Һڵ ѷ ð踦 ߴ ̵ ġ ʴ ѷ ϴ ̴.

DateJust 1601 (36mm) vs. 1501 (34mm): ~ 1977. cal. 1570,

DateJust 1603 (36mm) vs. 1503 (34mm): 1977~1978. cal. 1575,

DateJust 16200 (36mm) vs. 15200 (34mm): û ߰ & ̾ . 36mm ѷ DateJust ϼ 16200 δ.

DateJust 116200 (36mm): ׷ 𵨿 ǰ ʹ Ƽ ǰ ǥ ȭ ȴ. Cal. 3135 (ݹ & ڼ), ̽͹ ε ൹ ٴ 򰡰 ︲.

DateJust2 116300 (41mm): 41mm Ͽµ ε ʹ ũ.

DateJust2 126300 (41mm): ε ϰ ٿ. Cal. 3235. Power Reserve 70h.

ѷ(Rolex) Ī ռ. Roll (ȸϴ) + Extremely (ش, ) = Rolex ( ȸѴ). ð Ī ѷ ð öа ϸƻϰ , ð 귣 ۸ ȴ. 100 귣 ð 귣δ ѷ ϴ!

ð ð ۻ ѷ ʾҳ Ѵ. ѷ ð Generation to Generation (븦 Ѿ ). ѷ ߱ϴ ٿ ѷ ð踦 ٸ ð ٸ ġִ ªϰ ϰ ǥϿ. Elagance is an Attitude. ( µ Ե˴ϴ.) ʸ ( ʸ ƴմϴ. 븦 þƵΰ Դϴ.) ̷ η ϰ dz ׿ Ͽ ȣҷ ũ ʴ.

ѷ Generation to Generation Ű Ͽ 30 ̻ AS ϱ Ͽ õ ǰ 35Ⱓ ش ǰ ϴ å ϰ ִ. ڵ . , ϴ ̷(skeleton) ð踦 ǵ (see-through) ǰ , ȲϰԵ ѷ ð ̴! , ¶ ǸŸ ʰ, 2,000 븮 ؼ Ǹϴµ ѱ Ǹ 븮 1% 20 .

, ð ȭ ȣҷ ְ ȭ ϳ ϶ Ѵٸ, ܿ <(1953) ѷ 긶 ȭ> Ѵ. 긶 ð踦 ִµ ٶ հ Ʒ ش ѷ 󸮳 ϰ ִ ȭ. ̹ ð õ ȭ µ ѷ 긶 ð(dress watch) ȭ ȣԿ λ ִ.

ѷ ƹ ǰ̶ ص 缳 ü ǰ ǰ ǰ ޵ Ͽ Ϳ AS źѴ. ̸ Ϳ AS ϴ õѴ. Ƽ ( 30 ) ѷ ¿ 缳 ϰ. ѷ ð ü ̳ ǰ ð entry ð ȴ. ġ ڵó. ѷ ʸ, Ǿ ð谡 ѷ 귣带 øѴ. ڵ . ڵ ̳ ڵ entry ڵ ȴ. ѽ̽, Ʋ, Ƽ ڵ 귣带 øѴ. ѷ ϴ ְ 귣 ġ ϰ ִ ̴. AS 뿡 źΰ پ. 2018 ̹ġ ˷̴ ̵ Ʈ ˷̴ ־ ü ʿϸ ġڸ Ϳ 8 üȴ ( 2018 Ÿ ̹ðó ϰ 40% åϿ.). ˷̴ ׸ ǰ 8̳ 𸣳, ѷ 긶 ˷̴ ü 0 ϳ ٴ´ٴ ˰ Ǹ û ϴٴ ˰ ȴ. ѷ 80 ü δ (?0̴ϳİ ѷ ð ڵ ׷ ʴ´. ⼭ ÿ 귣 ̴. ѷ ð ڵ ܼ ˷̴ ƴ ѷ ˷̴ ̶ ̿ 귣 ġ 10迡 ϴ 뿡 źΰ Ⲩ .

ѷ ְ ǰ ð 귣 ʸ̳ Ǿ Ͽ콺(in-house) Ʈ(ü Ʈ) , ϴµ װ ʸ Ǿ Ʈ ð ϳϳ ۾ ϳ, ѷ ǰ ðӿ ü Ʈ ˰ ȴٸ ѷ ȣ ̴. ⼭ ؼ ȵǴ ϳ ִ. ѷ ʸ̳ Ǿ ü Ʈӿ ̵ ޸ ETA Ʈó ü ϴ Ȯϰ ϰִ¡ Ʈ ϱ ù° 켱 ƴ϶ ̴. , ѷ <Ȯϰ ְ 븦 Ѿ ϴ ð ö> ϱ < öа 귣 > ġ ȴ. öп Ǵ ۾ ѷ ö źѴ. ̿ ǰ ð ޸ ý(see-through)̰ų ̽ Ƹ ȸ ǰ Ұ ǥõ ѷ ƿ ̴. ¥ α ð鵵 ǿ ְ ǰ ð ѷ ڽŵ öп ൹ ö źϱ ̴. , ʸ, Ǿ, , 극 ְ ǰ ð Ʈ ǰ ɹ̼ decoration ۾ Ͽ Ʈ Ƹٿ ϳ, ѷ <Ȯϰ ְ 븦 Ѿ ϴ ð ö> ̹Ƿ ⿡ ڸ Ӵ ִٰ Ǵϴ 켱 ƴ϶ ̴.

ٸ ð ۻ ð踦 40mm ̻ Ű ѷ Ⱓ ð ̾ ũ⸦ 36mm Ͽµ ׷ м Ͽ ־. ѷ ʳ ó 36mm ̾ ũ ð踦 ص ݰ ݴ ÿ ٸ ð ۻ ޸ ū ð . ʳ ũ ո ð谡 ̼ ð谡  ̾. ׷ 귯 ũ⺸ٴ ū ũ ̾ αⰡ ѷ dress watch ϰڴٴ ־ ̴.

 

̳ ð ϳ ϶顦 ϴ ѷ 긶ʸ Ѵ. ð踦 𸣴 ο ѷ 긶ʸ شٸ ١ ǰ 찡 ־ Ȥ ̴. ѷ 긶 ִ ް 쿡 ð踦 𸣴 ٸ ̵ 峭 ١ ǰ 찡 ־ Ȥ ̴.

 

Ǵ ð ȸ ƴ ð ǰ ٰ Ǵϴ ް (Seamaster) ع °(Jazzmaster). <̹ ð> < ð> ǹϴµ ǹ ť ޵ȴ. Ī <> <°> Ҹ. پ ð ǰ ǥϴ ÷(master collection) üŸ ÷(DolceVita Collection)̴. ð (master) 귣 ִ. ް ǵ帶(Speedmaster) ִµ Ϳ ߸ ʾҳ ǴѴ. °ó Ī . ѷ ϴ ǰ 䳪(Daytona) ִµ 䳪 ̱ ÷θ 䳪 ġ μ ̰ 䳪 ͳų ǵ̶ ڵ ִ. ̰͸ŭ ѷ 䳪 ǹ ϰ Ϳ ʾҳ ǴѴ. (Automaster) ۸߾ ǹ ޵Ǿ ǴѴ.

 

Ѵ. Ͽ ణ 귣尡 ִ. ڵ Ÿ ҳŸ õǾ. ڵ ҳ Ÿ ڵ Ÿ ߿ ٲپٴ ̾߱⵵ ִ. Ÿ ѹα ǥϴ Ͽ. ߵ ش. ƹݶ ƹ̷ ̵ θ. īϴ ϴ.

׽ý õǾ ϳ . ׽ý ļ ڵ ? ý ̹Ƿ ׺.

߿ ڵ 귣? Peugeot. ״ Ѵٸ Ǵ ε.  ̵ äϱⰡ ʹ ϹǷ ѱ ȮǾ.

 

ڵ [ɹ (symbol), (emblem), Ǵ ΰ(logo)] Ѵ.

׶ ȣѴ. (ϴð ٴٿ ְ ǰڴٴ ǹ), ƿ 4 ִ (4 ȸ簡 պϿ ź ǹ), BMW װ ȭ .

Żƴ Ǵ ݼ ȣѴ. 󸮴 , ϴ Ȳ, Ƽ â.

ȣѴ. ѽ̽, Ʋ, ϸƾ

翡 ȸ ̸ Ǵ ϱ ̻ ȭ ȣѴ. ڵ H KIA, Ϻ ȥ ڵ H, Ÿ ̻ ũ.

̱ ٹ پ ɹ ȣȴ. GM, , ũ̽

 

ð ڵó ΰ ȣ ִµ, ٴ ణ Ұ ũ ʳ .

ѷ ް ¥ ΰܿ ׸ ΰ ־ ׸ ΰ 켱 ϳ, Ǿ 쿡 ΰ Ѵ. , Ұ м ð м ΰ ״ ϹǷ ΰ ִ. м < ׸ ΰ ִ ð ڵκ ޴ ǰ≯, < ΰθ ϴ ð ڵκ > ޴´. ηκ ũ 귣ó ׸ ۾ α׸ Բ ǥϴ ̴. ڴ ð, ڿ û ΰϴٴ ִ.

 

ǥڰ ִ.

ġϸ Ǫ ڵ(Ǫ ڵ κ ġ̴.) ٰ .

BMW 320 ø ().

eŬ ().

ϸ 3 (, BMW, ƿ).

SŬ.

ϸ ޸-AMG() BMW-M (). ڵ ܳϿ -N .

3 Ÿ ѽ̽ (), Ʋ (), ̹ ().

3 ī (Ż), (Ż), (). 500 ̰ ִ ũ 50 kg.m ڵ ǹϸ ⺻ . Ϻ 𵨿 鵵 ִµ, ƿ R8 (), Ʋ , Ծ ó ̸ ڵ 𵨵 شѴ. ̿ܿ ƶ, ֽ ƾ ī 鵵 ִ.

ī(Super Car) İ(Ż), (). Ѹ ī. 1,000 ¿ ϰ ִ ũ 100 kg.m ϴ û ǹѴٰ ȴ. Ϲ ī ڵ 𵨵鵵 ī شѴ. ī ι ⺻ 3 ̸, ְ ӵ ü 350km ܴ.

ī(Hyper Car, Ǵ ްī, Mega Car) ΰƼ(), ڴм(), ׽ (̱), (ũ). Ѹ ذ ī. 1,000 ̻̰ ִ ũ 100 kg.m ̻ û ǹϸ ⺻ ʾ̴. ι 2 븦 ϸ, ְӵ ü 400km Ѵ´. Ѹ KTX ȴ.

̺긮ϸ Ÿ (Ϻ).

SUV 3 üϸ ̱ (Jeep), ι (Land Rover), ѱ ֿڵ. SUV 2 Ƶ Ʋ ÿ ź Gٰհ 82̴. ̰Ϳ ڰ ޾ ź ̱ ̾ ι ȴ. SUV , ι (Ÿ, Luxury) SUV ȴ. SUV ڵ ٽ հ 3. ׷ ϳ ѱ ü ǿ 츮 ںν  ȴ. 3 SUV ü ƴ ǥ θ SUV Gٰաε Ͽ ظ ٸ 𵨰 . ڵ θ ڵϸ 1 Gٰ ŷеȴ. SUV ü ƴ Ϲ ڵ Ͽ SUV Ͽ ӵ ̰ų SUV Ͽ ϰ  ȭ ϴµ SUV ⺻ ö 𸥴ٰ ȴ. ƹ SUV Ǵ Ͽ Ϲ ߼ ܺ . ֳϸ SUV ߽ Ǿ ֱ ̴. ߽ ε ʴ ü ʰ ִ ̴. SUV ٽ Ϲ ܰ Ͽ ų Ͽ Ÿ ƴϴ. SUV ų ƴϸ, SUV ٽ <( ӵ ߿ ) ε忡 ɷ> ٽ̴. SUV ʼ. ٸ ɿ ַ ϴ е̶ SUVε ϰų ٶ ִ. ڼ ڸ 3 SUV ü SUV ö ϳ ٸ ü SUV ϰ SUV ϰų ϰ ִ ִ.

ŸԵ ֿ 濵 ٲ ϸ ҽ ̡

׷ SUV뿡 Ͽ ŴϾ ε ̴! ׷ 2021 濵 ִ ε ε ٽ öѴٴ ҽ ֿ 濵 ɰ ִٶ Բ  濵 Ҵ.

2021 5 5 ̳ ȣ ĿǼٿ ֿ CEO Ѵٸ ϰ ϰ غҴµ ö Ƽ ȯ ʿϴٰ ߴ. ij ڵ Ź ׸ ͳų ġŷ 濵 Żٲϴ ϳ ع ƴұ? ̹ ֿ Ͽ ó ֿ ٽ μ ȸ ڵ ׸ ͳųó ڵ Ź ҽŰ ̴. ֿ Ź ش ݵ ִ ϰ پ ͸ Ƽ پ ڵ Źϴ ÿ ͸ ü پ κ ġ Ͽ ֿ 50 濵ǰ ϰ Ͽ پ ó ŷóκ Ÿ ְ 븸 ó ڵ Ź ü Ѵٸ SUV ߸ ڵ Ź 2 ڻ غҴ. 2021-05-05.

 

ѱ ϸ 2017 2013⿡ õ ڵ ׽ý GP 500 (5,000cc)μ ִ 430̸, ִ ũ 52 kg.mμ, 2017⿡ õ EQ900 5,000cc 425 & 53 kg.m ټϰ ռ.

׸, з ϱ ׷ ڽīϸ ֻ ť (Ϻ) ȿ (ѱ).

ѱ ڽī ȿ Ϻ ֻ ť긦 鿩 Ÿ ٳ༭ ڽī ״. ȿ ο ڱ(?) ڵ ڵ Ͽ. ǥ ̿ ̴. ȿ ȹ! ȳ . Ѷ ֵ ȫ ֵ Ȱ Ͽ, ֵ ڽ ߿ <ȿ > ־ٴ ̾߱Ⱑ

! 忡 ٴ ѹα ǥϴ Ѹ ȿ ֵ ǥ ѹ ٷ տ ȿ ִٴ ǡ!

ѹ ֿ Ƽ õDZ ȿ ڵ Ͽ ̴, ֿ 뵿 ޶ 䱸 Ͽ ̾߱Ⱑ ڽ ְ ִ ̴. , ֿڵ Ͽ! ǴϿµ Ǿ ȿ ʾҴ. ε ڽī ٵ ƶ Ͻø, ڽī ʴ´. ״ ó ࡱ ȭǾ ִ. ӵθ ޸ ڽī ߽ εǾ ־ .

 

, AMG ׽ô ڵ ٴ ڵ Ʃ ü . AMG ڵ ڵ ϴ üε, ߳ ƿ ޸- μ ̸, ׽ô ̱ ڵ Ʃ׻ε, ij, , , Ϻ ֻ ڵ ڵ ϴ ü ȴ.

ѱ ڵ ٺ 㰡 ʰ ҹ ޵DZ ڵ Ʃ ϰ ִ ̴. , PC 쵵 ش 𵨺 ޾ƾ Ѵٰ Ǹ Ų ־ ġϱ Ѿ ִ ̻ . PC ǰ Ͽ PC ϸ ʰ ߼ұ PC  Ĵ Ѵٴ ε, Ź ̶ ǴѴ.

׷, δ ڵ Ʃ ü ɼ ϴ. ֳϸ ڵ 쿡 ̰ Ʃ , ڵ Ѿ Ʃ ִ κ ̴.

, ߵ οԸ شϴ ƴ϶ ڵԵ ȴ. ڵ Ʃ(tuning) ׳ ظ ϰڴµ, ܺ ׸ Ʃװ Ҹ Ʃ ϴ μ ذ ʴ´. ׺е ٰ , δ ڵ ·ΰ ̶ ǴѴ. ε鵵 ϸ鼭 ڽ Ǿ ұϰ Ƹٰ ϴ Ȳ ߵ̶ Īϴ ó, ڵ 3ڰ Ϸ 鿩鼭 ڵ ú Ʃ ߵ شϴ ̴.

׷ ϱ⿡ Ʃ ʿ κ ִµ װ ̵̷(side mirror) . ֽ ڵ ̵̷ ̷ Ǿ 쿡 ڵ . ׷ ̵ ̷ մ ̷ ٿ 簢븦 ذϷ ڵ ſ ϴ. ̷ ̱ ó Ȯ Ȯ ϴ ٶϴ. ǥ EŬ W212 ı ʹ ̷ Ǿ , Ӹ ƴ϶ ̷ ۾Ƽ ڿԵ ſ ɰϰ 簢밡 û ſ ڵ. ̶ ұ. ̷ 鿡 ϰ ̵̷ Ʃ ǰ 忡 ִµ ǥ ҽ ̵̷ ǰ̴. ̷ 鿡Դ ʼ Ʃ ǰ̶ ϰڴ.

 

ϸ ٵ ø eŬ Ϲ ڸ, 2 ִ ǰ ִ. ͸ 2. ϳ õ() ͸̰, ϳ Ϲ ͸̴. Ϲ ͸ Ǹ, õ ɸ , (õ) ͸ Ͽ õ ɸ ʴ õ ִ. ׸, Ͱ 2. 1 (̼ ) ִ ܿ, ؿ (ϸ, í) ־ ױ ۿ Ѵ. (̼ ) ִ Ͱ ̶ ϰڴ. 2000 Ĺݿ ߿ ̿(ionizer) ڽ ȭ ġ ִ. ڸ ȭ ȭ ǰ ̷ ִ.

 

󺰷 Ư ִ.

ϸ Ϻ.

ϸ .

ǿ뼺 ϸ .

ϸ Ż.

ġū ϸ ̱.

dzϸ ѱ.

ϸ Ϻ.

ϸ ̱.

 

Ư, Ϻ ̽ IS ׷ ƶ ϴ ˷ ִ. 縷 ܰ  ȴٳ. Ϻ Ͽ ׸ ʴ. Ϻ ǰ ٵ ׷. ð踸 ð 谡 ϴ ð 귣ӿ ð ڸ ǰ ð Ͱ ϸ ɰϰ ϴ.

 

, 󸶴 ϴ ڵ ִ.

̱ ū ȣ. ׷ ڵ â ׽ý( G80) EŬ ƴٴ ̾߱⵵ п 񱳵 ־. ׷ ׽ý SŬ ϴ մϴ. EŬ ϸ, ׽ý . , ̱ Һ 忡 SŬ ʹ ɿ ׽ý ϴ Ͽٰ мѴ. Ǿ dz ڵ ̱ dz 鿡 ִ иϴ.

߱ ձ۵ձ ū ȣ. ׷ ڵ Ƿ ڵ ߱ ѱ ڵ α ڵ ˷ , ߱ Ƿ ڵ Ѵٰ ȴ. ߱ 3 , BMW, ƿ ߱ 1 Ϲ ޸ BMW ƴ ΰ ü ձ ̹ ִ ƿ!

ǿ뼺 ִ ȣ. dz ׸ Ű ʴ .

ѱ ä 迭(, ȸ, , ) ȣϸ, ½̴ ũ 迭 ġ ƶ Ѵ. ¡ Z

Ϻ ȣ. Ϻ ֹ GDI ƴ MPI ̸, ̺긮 . ٽǴ.

Ϻ ġ ȣ

ѱ ġ ̶ 򰡵Ǿ 2010 ̴. ÿ ۰ ִ ȣ .

 

ٵ Ұ ٸ.

̱ ޸ ΰ Ƽ Ǽ (compact) ȣѴ. , ⸧ ǿ뼺 ߽ϹǷ ƶ Ѵ.

̱ ΰ , ܰ Ƽ ũ ʴ´. Դٰ 鵵 ű Ƽ ū ȣѴ. ׷ dz дٰ ˷ ѱ ̱ 忡 Ѵ. ݸ鿡 ǥ Ǫ ϰ ؿ ٷ ̱ Ϻ̴. ̱ Ǫ ʹ ۾Ƽ ܸ ̸, Ϻ ȣ ʱ ̴. , ̱ ⸧ ̰ ٴ ÿ Ƽ ߿ ʴ.

¿ ̼ ڵ ڵ ̼ ڵ ݹ ˷ , ѱ ¿ 99% ڵ ̼ ڵ. Ϲ ̼ ڵ ̼Ǻ Ƿ ǿ뼺 ߿ ϴ ⸦ ݿϿٰ ִ. ѱ ߿ ϳ, ̼ ڵ ص ȾѴ. ڵ 20 ̻ డ Ѹ ־. ׷ ᱹ ڵ ̼ ڵ Ͽ. ̵ ƹ ̼ ڵ ص Ǵ ̸Ʈ Ҳ 濡 ϴٰ յ ſ Ǿ 기ٴ ̴.

 

׸, ̹ ִ.

ϸ ưư. ̱ ưư ϴٴ и .

Ǫϸ ǿ뼺(, , ġ)(޸, ߱, ȸϱ)

Ƽϸ

ڵ, Ϻڵ, ̱ ڵ ij GM, ũ̽, ڵ, ڵ Ŀ ٰհ, ڵ Ŀ Ǫ 귣 ȴ. Ŀ ǥڱ Ÿ ϴ ϳ ó ̴ٰ. ̷ϰԵ ٰ Ͼ ǹѴ. 絹 Ʋ ̾ ڵ ߵ Ż ִ Ͽ ̴ٰ.

ֿڵϸ ưư԰ SUV, ü (ü Ѷ ѱ ǥϴ ְ Ÿ 귣忴.).

 

ڵ Ѳ ڵ Ѳ ȿ ڵε ִ. , ѱ ī(open car) ܾ 縦 Ͽ ټ ϳ, ̴ ǥ ۸μ ܱ ʴ . δ ͺ(Convertible) ´. ׷ س â ܾ Ѳ. ϵ Ѳ Ѳ ϴ ޾Ƽ ׷ ٵ Ѳ Ѵ. ΰ ȸ .

̽ ϵž ͺ ȸ Ǫ̸ 츮 1934⿡ Ŭ(Eclipse) ڵ. , 4ν ̽ ϵž ͺ ȸ Ǫμ 2003 307cc ڵ. cc & ͺ(coupe & convertible) ǹѴ.

Ѳ(convertible) C70 ִµ, ͺ 2,500cc̸ ؾ ϴ , ȯ濡 ´ , 4ν̶ ִ. ׷ Ÿ īó ƴ϶ ᰡ δ.

Ѳ Ͽ (Sun Roof) ڵ ڸ? ϴð ̴. Ѳ ʴ´ٸ ̵ ̵ Ѳ ޸ Healing ȿ  Ϲ ͵ 񱳰 ʴ´. ׷ Ѳó õ Ϻκ ٴ ־ ϳ ״ ϴð ̴. ޕ ִ Ѳ ޸ ÿϳ ޸ . ݰ ޷ Ѵ. 㿡 Ѳ ϴ ü ̴ . ϱ⿡ ڵ Ѳ ࿡ ڶ ִ. ࿡ 罺Ÿŷ ڸ ο ڷ ٸ Ͽ ִ ϴ÷ ϰ ٸ ִ ڵ Ȯ ƿ ̴. ٸ ̶ ƴ ŭ . ڵ ִٸ õ ߾ ̴. ϴ ִ. 罺Ÿ ٸ â ̵ ̷ ļ ִ. ʿ ϴ ڵ 鼭 ̴. ٸ ̶ ƴ ŭ . ̷ õ ο ڱ ־ ̾Ʈ Ϸ ҷų ̴.

 

, ڵ縶 ִ.

Gravity Driving ( ). ٸ ǥ ź (Airplane Driving).

BMW Sheer Driving (īο ). BMW < ſ>̶ <Sheer Driving Pleasure> µ, ټ ߻̸, üδ īӴ.

ƿ Spider Driving (޶ٴ ). Ÿ ڽ ϳ, Ʈ(Quattro) ȣĪǴ ڽİ ޸ ũ ﰢ ϰ, ȯ̵ (Ư, ȸ ) ٴڿ Źó پ ̴ Ѵ.

Ǫ Fun Driving (ִ )

Soundless Diving ( )

ѽ̽ ι Silent Driving ( ). ѽ̽ ι ܺ ȯ ȭ ȭ ϴ Ѵ. ι SUV ι 縷 ѽ̽.

Sailing Driving (Ÿ ). ɰ ý ڵ ڵ鿡 ְ . е, ڵ, ý ڵ, ڵ ϳ, Ÿ ࿡ ִ.

 

ϴ Ͽ ߳ eŬ ƹ氡 ̾Ҵµ, Ÿ ٰ ڸ ΰ ƹ ϰ Ǵ ɻ , ڸ ̵ ö  쵵 ִٰ ϸ, ڽ ⿡ Ͽ ̸ ϰ ظ ϰڴٴ ۵ û. ٲپٰ κ ų, ̿ ̾  ϸ ȭ ۵ ͳݿ ƴٴѴ. װ ٸ 縶 ֱ ̴. ұ Ƽ Sailing Drive ̸ֹ ŰǷ ̶ Ǵϸ Ͽ ұ ְ ϱ ̴. ݴ ѱ ұ ټϰ ƽƮ û ϰ ö Ѹ ʴ. ̷ 濡 Sailing Drive Best. ̷ 濡 ְ eŬ ƹݶ ϴ ʹ 翬ϴ.

, ѱ ϼ ٶ ǴϿ ̷ е ȴٶ Ѵ. ѿ eŬ ũ 𵨰 ƹ氡 𵨷 ̸, ƹ氡 ̸, eŬ ƹ氡 (sports pack) ̴. ׷ ɱ ࿡ Soft Ͽ ٶϴ. ƹ氡 𵨺 1cm ϰ Ǿ ־ ī . ࿡ ٶ ̴. , ƹ氡 ׷ 谡 , ϰ Ǿ ƴϴ. , ѱ ɿ ƹ氡 𵨺 ٶϴ.

 

ִ , 2007 Ÿ ϸ鼭 4WS (4-Wheel Steer: չ Ӹ ƴ϶ ޹ ȸ ϴ ) 3WS(޹ ٱ Ȳ ߾ ȸŴ) ķý(Active Geometry Conrol suspension, AGCS, ý) Ų ִ. չ ϳ ¿ ķ ణ 찪 (ִ 3) ڵ Ͽ ȸ δٴ ̴. ѹ DZ ̴. ޹ ƴ϶ ޹ ȸ δٸ ȸ ݰ浵  . Ÿ N20 Premier Super 87 ð ɼ̾, 2,400cc޿ F24 Elegance Special Premier , F24S Premier ⺻ õǾ. ׷, ̿ ߾ ſ ٰ (?) ǴܵǾ ˰Ը𸣰 ʷ ȴ. δ ɼ Ͽ ް ȸ ϴ 幰ٴ AGCS AGCS ߻ ࿡ ߻ ( ޹ ƴ · ǰų 峭 · ) Һڷκ ܸ Ǿ. , ̿ 80⿡ Ϻ ߽ Ǿ ־ Ͽ 忡 ܸ ʰ ־.

, ڵ ⺻ ƴ ڶ DZ⵵ κ ܸ ̶ ȴ. ޹ ȴٸ ϰ ؼ ȵȴٴ ̰ڰŴ ִµ, Ÿ ̷ ־ٴ .

 

ڵ Ӹ ƴ϶ ð迡 ǥ ִ.

̹ϸ ѷ 긶

ϸ ް

ްϸ ڿþ Ʈ

¸ϸ

ع װ

װð(Ϸð)ϸ IWC, Ʋ(Breitling), Ͻ(Zenith), ع(Hamilton), Glycine(۶̽, ۸)

ϸ ̳콺

̱ Ư ̺ϸ ̳콺

(25Ⱓ ü ߱ ߱) ƮƬ ðϸ ̳콺, T100, ġ

л īÿ ڽð

 

ڵ ϳ ?

̴.

ڵ ޺귣 ׽ý ܺ ׸ ÷  ڸδ ڵ ġ ö . ׷ ͵ ڵ ΰ ̴. ׽ý ϸ? ΰ ̴.

 

û ׿ִ Ͽ찡 ־? ٵ ϱ 쳪, м ش ִ.

Ǫ ڵ ⺻ ̿ܿ Ű ʴ ڵε, Ǫ 𵨿 ġ ְ ڵ Ǵ н ޷ ִ. нİ ڽ ְ . (̶ ״ ش ǰ ߻Ͽ ̻ ҿȴٴ .) űٰ . , н Ư & ܴ ش.

Ǫ äϰ ִ н ġٰ ߰ 2 Ư ̵ȴ. ϳ н ġ п ð տ ſ ū (cooler) , µ ſ . ȿ µ ٸ 麸 翬 ̰ ȴ. Ŀ ū 𷯸 ϰ ִ ڵ . ٸ ϳ ķ ⺻ε ڵ ۿ .

BMW ѵ 𷯰 ۰ų . Ǫ ߰ īο ̰ ȴ.

ڵ ׷ Ͽ κ ڵ н Ǵ ġ. ( ܿ н äѴ.) űٰ Ʈϰ Ǿ ְ ڵ κ̴. ɸ鼭 ϴ Ѵ.

Ͽ Ϻ ϴ ʹ ϴ. ⺻ ƴ϶ Ϻ ڵ GDI ƴ϶ MPI Ǵ MPI ̺긮̸, Ʈ Ҹ ߻ ° Ű .

 

׽ý ϰ ִ ڵ Ͽ شٸ顦 ( ׽ý Ÿ ʾҰ ڵ ŸҴ.)

Ѵ.

ƹ ڵ Ÿ ֹ̳ ̶ ϴ 𸣳 ɿ ٶ ϴ ٷ ڵ. ࿡ ϴٰ ȴ. ̰ źٸ ״ ĵǾ ³ ظ ϰ Ǹ ý ٶ Ǵ ̴. , ڵ ȶ 츮鼭 ϰ ؾ ϴµ

¿ Ÿ鼭 ֹ̳ 谡 ƴ϶ ȸ ϴ ǥ ϴ ͵ ϳ ʹ!

ǥ Ʈ? ̸ Ͽ Ʈ ȭŰ °ġ Ʈ ȸ ϰ Ʈ ̹ øŰ ͵ ʿϴ. ǥ ѷ ð ߿ Ʈ Ͷ ǰ ִ ó ѷ Ʈ Ϳ Ͽ ǰ ϴ ͵ ϳ ̸ Ʈ ȭ ڵ Ͽ ߿ Ʈ = ڵ (׽ý) ̷ ̹ ͵ ʿϴ. ߿ ٸ ( ƴϳ ϴ ȴٸ) 븸 Ʈ & & ȸ Ѵ. ̰ ڵ ȸ Ͽ Ѵٱ ٴ ٺ  <Ʈ Ÿ> ʹ.

 

ڵ 濡 3 ִ.

Ϲ ο ڵ, 񵵷ο ڵ, ڵ.

 ڵ Ϲ ο뿡 . ׷ ࿡ ķ ڵ ƴϸ ġ , ִ. 濡 ڵ Ÿ Ѵ (Ǵ ). ׸, 񵵷ο ( ε, off road) 4 ڵ Ÿ ϸ (Ǵ ), ε忡 Ұϴٰ ȴ. ڵ Ƽ 񵵷ο ڵ ü ȴ. 񵵷ο SUV 迭 ڵ ؾ Ѵ.

 

׷ SUV ġ Ȯ ʴ ڵ ´. SUV Ͽ CUV ο 帣 ִµ

⺻ ġ SUV Ѹ鿡 ̴ ȴ. ¿ ߽ɰ ٴ ߰ ġϳ, SUV ߽ɿ ſ . Ʈ . SUV Ʈ ̸ Ƿ 嵵 ࿡ ջ ϴ. ִµ ϴ ο μ CUV ڵ. Crossover Utility Vehicle ܰ SUV ߴٰ ϴµ, CUV ܰ SUV ߰ ȴ. ǥ CUV ֿڵ Ƽ GLA 45 AMG.

ϸ,

(չ ߽ ): SUV – 賭 ε OK ( SUV )

߰ (ܰ SUV ߰ ): CUV – 賭 ʴ ε OK (Ƽ, GLA 45, )

( չ ߽ ߰): (sedan), ġ – ࿡

ſ ( ): ī (sports car), ī (super car), ī (hyper car)

翬 Ϲ ο ߽ Ʒ Ǿ Ƿ . GLA 45 AMG CUVӿ ü CUV SUV ϰ Ǿ ־ ظ ̳ ġ麸 ϰ Ѵ. ( Ϲ GLA ٵ ణ .)

, ſ , , 䰡Ƽ ī, ī, ī鿡 شϴµ ̿ 𸣳 ǹ Ա ϸ ʰ ް 簡 ̷ Ұ ׳ ƽƮ ̶ ȴ.

 

Ư 忡 Ϲ ܺ SUV ȣ ۿ .

忡 þ߰ ̴ SUV ܺ ̸, 㸮 忡 Ÿ ׸ ڼ ̸ ǰų ׸ Ʈũ ưų 㸮 θ ʾƵ Ǵ SUV ϱ ̴. űⰡ ۴ٸ . ̷ Ų ѹα ڵ ٷ ֿڵ Ƽ.

׷ SUV ź ڵ ƴ϶ ״ (off-road, ε) ź ڵ. ƹ SUV ص ٺ ܺ ڵ ߽ ۿ   ܺٵ ۿ .

 

̸ غϰ Ͽ ź ǥ ڵ ޸- GLA 45 AMG Ŵ´. ܺ ׷ٰ SUVٴ . SUV Ͽ Ȯ . SUV ٴ ġ鿡 Ǹ  ϱⰡ ڵ. űٰ 4ӿ ұϰ ִ 381hp̸ ִ ũ 48.4kg̸ Ӽ(zero 100, ι) 4.4ʴ! ɸ ٸ ī ϴ ̴! Ѹ Ѳ ʴ´ٴ 屸( , SUV , ü, , SUV, RON 95μ Ϲ ߰, ) Ű ¯. ? <ż Ϲ ũͰ ƴ϶ DCT>̶ <ڼ (ڼ ź ſ )>̴. ٺ ࿡ Ǿ ü ſ ϴ. 1 ڿ ſ 2 밨 ε 2 ɰ ȴٸ ڰ ̷ ϸ ȵǰ 2 ִ ε巯 ϸ 󸶵 غ ִ. ޸- GLA 45 AMG 翬 ǰ μ Ϲ ϱ⿡ δ㽺 ε, 븮 귣尡 ִ. ٷ 2020 XM3 ڵ. XM3 ڵ ڸ Ϲ ̰ ȴ. XM3 ÿ Ҿ ū dz Ų ڵ trend 屸 ã ſ ߿ ִ. ִ GLA 45 AMG ϰ ٸ Z XM3 ϸ ȴ.

δ ִ ġ( ɼ ġ) ´ٸ û dz ų ʳ . up/down ư ־ up ´ٸ SUV · Ÿ ٴϴٰ ʿ downϿ న , ݴ down ´ٸ · Ÿ ٴϴٰ ε ȯ濡 upѴٸ ġ SUV ϰ ǹǷ ֱ 䱸ϴ õ ڵ ̱ ̴. ⺻ ƴ϶ ġ ڵ Ǹϸ鼭 ɼ(option) ǸѴٸ Ǹ ũ δ ̴. ߿ ǰ ־ Ʃ ϴ ִµ ڵ ˻ ؾ Ѵ. ǰ ڵ ̹ option ִ ڵ ִٶ ˰ Ǿ. ĭ, GLE 53 , 2 GLA 45 AMG, .

 

ڵ ϸ鼭 κ ѹ ٵ Ͽ ̴.

7080 õ ܿ£ ڵ ݼ ü ٳ. ָ û λ ִ.

90 ʹ ܿ ܿ ʾƼ ݼ ü ٴϴ ߴ.

ܿ£ ִ å?

⺻ ˰ ִ ó ܿ Ÿ̾ (winter tire, Ÿ̾) ϴ ε, ܿ£ , 3 ϰ ϴ ۾ 鿡 ſ . ׷ ܿ Ÿ̾ 濡 Ű DZ濡 ϹŸ̾ Ѱ. DZ濡 ȭŲ ϴµ ũ Ÿ̾(spike tire)μ ƴ϶ DZ濡 ش. ʹ Ͽ Ϲ θ ıų Ƿ ǸŰ Ǿ , Ϻ ܿö ũ Ÿ̾ ҹ Ǿ ִ.

Ÿ Ǵ ߰ 濡 ִ Ÿ̾ ̶ Ͽ ̸ Ÿ̾ 鿡 Ѹ ǰ , Ÿ̾ 鿡 带 Ű ǰ , ũ (snow cruiser) Ͽ Ϲ Ÿ̾ Ʈ Ÿ̾ ٱ Ƽ ſ Ÿ̾ Ѽ Ű ǰ ִ. Ÿ ڵ ٿ ٴϴ ǰ̶ ȴ. ׷ ݴ밡 , ģٴ ִ.

ڵ ü ڵ 쿡 չٱͿ ϰ, ķ ڵ ϸ, ڵ 4 ؾ Ѵ. ü 40 km ߼ Ϸ ؾ Ѵ. ؾ ش ũ⿡ ü 쵵 ִٴ ؾ Ѵ. (Ϲ ش ϴٰ ū ũ Ͽ 쿡 ؼ ȵǴ 찡 ִ.) Ϲص оߵ ִ. ε ü 峭 ƴϳ, ֱٿ ź 췹ź ü ǰ ִ. ҽŰ ڵ ο ġ ʴ ǰ̸ ʰ ִ.

Ÿ̾ ϴ õѴ.

׸, ķ ڵ ƹ ϴٰ п ٸ ڸ ¿ ϴ ɵ ʿ䰡 ִ.

, ķ ڵ ܿö ̸ Ʈũ ſ Ϻη Ⱦ ͵ ϳ ִ.

׶ ķ ڵ ƴ϶ DZ浵 űϰ ϴ ˰ , ؿ BMW ׷ ִ.

 

2017 7 1 ߿ ̿ SUV ϴ м ִ 簡 ־ [߾ӽûŰ]. ҵ ٰ ݵ ̿ SUV Ѵٰ ٸ鼭, ̱ ɸ ޽ο 屸 5ܰ  ״. ҵ Ÿ ޶, ȭ Ÿ ᱹ ڵ ٲ۴ٴ ̸, 屸 ٸ ܰ躰 ȭ ϴٴ ǹ̷ ؼϰ ִ 翴.

 

1ܰ> ԰ ذǸ

2ܰ> 屸 ھƿ.

3ܰ> پ ȸ 屸 Ʋ,

4ܰ> ް ܺη 巯.

5ܰ> ɷ شȭϷ ھƽ 屸 ȴ.

 

1ܰ> ϴ ԰ ذ ñ ſ ϰ,

2ܰ> žư.

3ܰ> ̾ ȥ ϰ, ƿ Ȱ SUV ϰ

4ܰ> ˳ 50 İ Ǹ ǰ ִ ̾ ´.

5ܰ> , ȸ ھƽ ٽ ̾ SUV ü .

 

5ܰ ̾ SUV ƴ϶ ġ ڵ ٰ .

ī, , Ѳ, , ī, ī, , Ÿ ü, ȯ  ߴ ڵ

 

ݴ, ν(Kbler Ross, 1968) ȯ ȭ 5ܰ踦 ؼ ġ ִ.

1ܰ> (denial)

2ܰ> г (anger)

3ܰ> (bargaining)

4ܰ> (depression)

5ܰ> (acceptance)

 

, ڽ ڵ ڽ ϴ ڵ ƴ϶ų ˷ ̷ 5ܰ踦 ģٰ Ǵ ִ.

2017 ڵ Ƽ ̾Ƽ ӿ ũ. Ī ־, ? ص ڰ ؾ ϴ?鼭 û ȭ ִ. ᱹ ڽ ϰ ڵ ƴϸ ´ٶ ߿ μ 5ܰ ȭ ̳, ̵ ̵ ̵ ߿ ƴ϶ ڽ ϴ ڵ Ͽ, ڵ Բ ߾ ִٶ Ͱ ġִ ڵ ΰ ֵ Բ ִ ʿϴ.

 

Ʈ ְڴ.

ڵ ٰ ǰ, ķ ڵ Ű ٰ ȴ. , ڵ 濡 ̳, ڰ ġ ȴ. ̰ ڵ ǽ(fishtail, )̶ θ. , ķ ڵ 濡 Ű Ʋ ε巴  ȯ ʰ ڱ⡱ Ű Ȯ ٲٸ, ȯ ʰ ó 鼭 ߻Ѵ. , ܿ£ ڵ ޸ ķ ڵ ɷ ̴. , ܿ ö ڵ κ տ ְ չ̹Ƿ ö󰣴. ݸ ķ ڵ ޹ӿ ԰ ڵ ޸ Ƿ ִ. Ʈũ ǰų ڼ ¿簡 Ͽ ָ ȴ. ǥ 1 Ʈ ķӿ ö󰡴 ü ԰ ֱ ̸ ޹ 2 ޷ ־ ũ Ǿ ִ.

 

, ڵ ϴ ش ڵ ð ڵ ǰ ޴´.

ܿ 󿡼 翬 ķ̵ ̵ ̵ ƹ . , ̸̿ ȴٸ Ź ķ ϴ .

, ִ 󿡼 ̼ 𷯸 ڵ ̼ 긦 ʿ Ƽ ׽ Ͽ ȴ. ̼ ʰ ܿ ʺ ϰ ε ܿ ̴. , ̼ ϴ ̱ ϳ ʱ ð ̼ µ ø ҵ ϹǷ ̼ 긦 ̼ µ ʰ ö󰡴 ο ξ Ѵ. ׷ ̼ ̼ǰ ̼ ü شȭŰ ϳ ̼ ü ׸ ʴ. ڵ 곪 ġ ۿ뿡 Ͽ ۿ µ ̼ 40,000km ܿ ϰ ȴ. ɿ ߻ ַ ðÿ ̻ Ÿ ÿ ׷Ĵ ۵ ϰ ȴ. ð ̻ δ ַ 갡 · Ǿ ִٰ ۿ ƿ Ǵµ, µ ħ Ǵ ܿö ̼ ߻ϴ ȴ. 40,000km ܿ ̼ 긦 ֱ üϰ 80,000km ܿ ̼ ȯ ϴ ٶϸ,  ̼ Ͱ ѿ ̼ ο ־ ( Ͷ ٴ ׹ .) ϸ ֱ üϰ Ǵ 찡 ִµ ̷ 쿡 80,000km ƴѱü ֱ⸦ ª 40,000km ̼ üϴ õѴ.

 

Ϲ ο ķ ڵ ڵ ?

ϸ ´.

ڵ տ ְ ߽ տ , ķڵ ڿ յ ߽ ִ.

, , ׸ ȸ . µ, ࿡ ڵʹ ޸ ķ ڵ ǽ (fishtail, ) . ӿ չ ְ ڰ Ƿ 극ũ ڰ ضߴ ߻Կ Ͽ, ķ ڿ ְ ڷ ߽ ־ 극ũ ׳ ߰ ȴ. Ѹ ķ ڵ 극ũ ´ٴ Ⱑ Ȱַ ϰ ϻ ó ڿ ׳ ƴ Ͱ Ƽ 鸲 ξ ȴ. ȸ ࿡ Ƽ (under steering) ߻ϰ, ķ Ƽ (over steering) ߻ϴµ, Ѹ ȸ Ƽ ķ ȴٶ ϸ ȴ. , Ƽ Ƽ ʺ ū . Ƽ ׷ ū ִ. , ϵž ͺ ڵ ϵž ߻ϸ, ϵž ߽ ڷ 򸮰 ǹǷ , Ʈž ͺ ڵ ο Ѵ.

߰ , ߽ , յ¿ ణŸ 䵿ġ ٰ ǹǷ . , 佺Ÿ ڵ .

Ÿ̾  Ǵİ Ѵٰ ȴ.

 

ϸ ڵ (Volvo).

ʷ ƼƮ(City Safe) ε, ̰ տ ڵ ߴ ̴.

Ư ְ ̶ ǰ, Ͽ Ÿ ʴ´.

ڵ ߿ ġ Ʈε, 3 Ʈ ϰ Ư ٷ . ׷ Ư ڵ ϵ Ͽ.

 

ֿ ڵ ⸦ <, (motor) , > 3 .

ȸڵǴ ڵ ᱹ ⱸ ¿ ⸦ ܺηκ ϴ ƴ϶ ҿ ̿Ͽ Ѵٴ ̸ ִ.

 

1771  ݶ () – ڵ

1835  ״ ũƮ ĺī – ڵ

1885  Į (Karl Benz) ָ ڵ ÿ ( Ÿ )

1885  Ǫ ڵ

1886  Į (Karl Benz) Ư ȹ

1888  з () - Į κ ̼ & 赵 ޾ ʷ ָ ڵ Ǹ

1890  Ǫ(Peugeot) Type12 ( Ÿ̾ ڵ) - Peugeot Ʋ, ӷ ̼ Ͽ ֹ ڵ

1894  , 4 ȭ ߸

1899  ͽ(MIXTE) – ̺긮 ڵ (ָ & )

 

1903  ̱ ڵ

1912  Ǫ ʷ DOHC ū Ʈ (Ǹ 4 (Valve) ķ Ʈ)

1913  ̱ 뷮ý ý (Ϸ翡 1,000 )

1922  (Benz), Ʈ

1923  ̱ 167 ̱ ڵ .

1924  ̱ 1,500

1933  Ʈο ߸ – ¿ (vs. 1936  (Benz), ¿ )

1934  Ǫ(Peugeot) 401 Ŭ (Eclipse) - ̽ ϵž ͺ

1947  W136 (1 ޸- EŬ)

 

1977  Ǫ Ʈο μպ

1985  ޸- ѱ (Ѽڵ)

1988  Ǫ(Peugeot) ѱ (ȯҸͽ)

1997  Ϻ Ÿ 콺(Toyota Prius) Ǹ – ̺긮 ڵ & ְ ̺긮 ڵ & ģȯڵμ

1998  ѱ μպ

1998(?)  縣Ƽ(Le Pelletier) 6 ڵӱ Ư ( ZF, Ϻ ̽ κ ü 6 ̻ ̼ ݿ ƯḦ ؾ )

2000  Ǫ(Peugeot) DPF (Diesel particulate Filter)

2003  Ǫ(Peugeot) 307cc ( ) 4ν ̽ ϵž ͺ

 

ڵ ƹ ̰, ڵ Ӵϴ .

Į

2008  ̱ ׽ ī ε彺͡

2013  ѱ ڵ – ڵ

2014. 02. ߱ ڵ. Ǫ 14% μ

2015. 09. ٰ Ʈ ߻ ().

 

2017. 12. ߱ ڵ. ( AB) 8.2% (2)

2018. 02. ߱ ڵ. ӷ 1 ( 9.2% 10 μ)

2018. 08. BMW ѱ ȭƮ ߻ (ȭ).

2018. 09. ߱ Start-Up Ͽ. ̱ .

 

 

ڵ 縦 뺯ϴ ϸ κ Ŵ´. ´. ׷ Ǫ Ҿ ڵ 縦 ӿ Ϲε鿡Դ ̴. ڵ ֿ ⸦ ڸ ڵ Ǫ 뺯 ִ. ׷ ü ٸ ɾ Դ. ɾ , Ǫ (ǿ) ߱Ͽ. Ǫ ڵ 忡 ٰ 2 ϰ ִ ֿ ڵ ۻӿ, ǿ뼺 ̿ ҷδ ڵ ġ ϵȴ.

 

ִ Ӵ㿡 ڴ, Ȱϸ鼭 ڸ ȥϰ Ǫ ٴϴ . Ӵ ִ.

ǹ̴¡

̸,

Ҷ ڴ ̸,

κ ޴ Ǫ ǹ̿ ִ.

ູ ڴ? (ĸ Ǹ) Żƿ 鼭, (ϸ鼭 ڿ ϴ) ȥϰ, (Ÿ ޴) ٴϴ ???

 

Ǫ ׸  ŷڼ , (޸, ߱, ) ̻ Ǹϰ ǿ뼺 ̴.

Ǫ ǥ Ǫ 307cc 2007 ָ ڵμ, 2,000cc ڿ MPI̸ 4 ̼ žذ(Stop & Go) , ټ 1,490kg ӿ ұϰ, ü 60km ÿ ǿ 20km/l ϸ, ü 70km ÿ ǿ 19km/l ϸ, ӵο ü 100km ÿ 16km/l Ѵ. ̺긮 ϰ ٰ ȴ. ׸, ó 100% ص ó 8km/l ܸ ϸ ( ó ̶ ʴ´ٸ 10km/l ̻ Ÿ.), ó ӵ ݹ 10km/l Ÿ. Ҵ 2001 ׷ XG L25 (2,500cc) (ó ӵ ݹ) ǿ 6km/l ణ ȵǴ 5.7km/l µ Ѵ ⸧ Ŀ Ҵ ִ. 5.7km/l 10km/l û ̴!

Ѱ Ī ڸ ̼ ȯ̴. 4 ̼ӿ ̼ Ӱ ٽ. Ÿ 4 ̶̼ ˰ Ǹ ΰ ſ . , ϸ ̼ űٿ(kick-down)Ǹ鼭 Ͱ ÿ Ÿ. ˰ Ǫ ʷ(sound generator) ־ Ҹ dz Ѵ. Ҵ 4 ̼ Ӱ & űٿ ϸ ϴð ̷ . 4 ̼ ȿ ִ ȴٰ ǴѴ. 7 ̼ǰ 񱳽ÿ η ̴. ̳ 濡 2, 3, 4 ó ̸, 濡 ӵ 3ܰ 4 Ӱ RPM Ȯ ȯ ԴٰѴ. ̼ 4 ̻ʹ ϱ ̸, , ECU , ̼ ü ܼ ٰ ݵ ʴٴ ϰ ִ. ܼ ⼺ ݵȴ.

3(, , ) ǿ뼺 (, ũ, , ʿ ׸ ) ϴ Ͱ, ȣ ͸ ȣ ϴ Ͱ, Ÿ Ҵ ſ Ű ʴ ϴ. İ ǰ ũ , , ְڴ. Ǫ ڵ İ ϰ Ʈ ־߸  , ص Ű Ѵ. ׸, İ ٸ ڵ Ͽ (bang sound) Ͽ ̸, Ϳ ؾ߸ ϴ.

Ǫ ġ BSI (Built-in Systems Interface) ̶ Ī Ǫ ̻ Ͽ, ͸ ȣ ġ ƴƴ Ҿ ߽Ųٴ , ̰ ׷ Ÿ ϴٴ Űڴ. BSI ͸ Ͽ õ ɸ ʴ õ Ͱ Բ ͸ ʿ伺 ˾Ƽ ϴ 忡 â̳ ̷ ͵ BSI ۵ ȵȴٴ ִ. ̷ ȭ Ǹ Ǫ BSI ý 𸣳 μ ̻ Ǫ ý Ǵܵȴ.

ϳ, Ǫ BMW ó ð µ ִ 95 ö󰡴 Ǿ ִٴ ̴. ̰ 񿡴 ( ð Ƚ پ), ̼ Ͽ Ű, Ư µ ΰ ̼ ۵ Ѵ. ɰ 쿡 ð ° ߻Ѵٴ ̴. ⺻ ϴ ٶϴ. ð µ 85 ܿ ۵Ű (80 ~ 90) ̼ǿ ٶϴ. Ǫ BMW ð ýĿ ý ٲٴ ϴ ؾ ִµ, ƴ Ϲ .

Ǫ ڵ ϳ Ư¡ ̴.

, , Ż 11.1 : 1 , RON 95 ̻ õϹǷ 11 : 1 ߵ ̴.

׷ Ǫ Ǿ ִ. 10.8 : 1̴.

л ƴ ڿ ̷ äϴ ڵ Ǫ ʳ ʹ.

̰ ̷ RON 93 ϸ Ǵµ, ̷ Ͽ ϱ⵵ Ʊ ( RON 98̴̻), ׷ٰ ̷δ Ϲ 10.5 : 1 ʰϰ ִ. Ϲ RON ġ ϰ Ǹŵȴ. RON 91 ~ RON 93̴. ׳ ֿ ļ S Ÿ RON ġ Ƽ, RON 93̴. Ͽ Ͽ ֿ׷ 迭 ֿڵ Ѵٰ ǴѴ. S Ǹ RON 93 ϰ ִ. S ƴ϶ ü 150 ̻ P ʰ ü RON 92 ü 110 10.8 : 1 ִ 򰡵ǹǷ Ƿ, Ÿ Ϲ ֹ߷ ¿ 쿡 110 ̻ ʵ ϸ ȴ.

ϳ, ó Ǫ ҸŰ 1,000km 0.5 L ҸŲٰ ȴ. ̸ 2L ؾ ޹ ¶ ̹ ִ ̹Ƿ, ƴƴ Ѵ޿ ּ ѹ ̻ Ʈ  checkϰ Ͽ Ѵٴ ̴. ѱ ڰ Ǫ ϸ鼭 ̷ ϰ Ÿ ǽɽ.

 

δ 2010 ڵ ڵ ְġ(peak) ʾҳ ʹ.

2010 Ŀ 2010 Ĺݿ ̺긮 ڵ ϴٰ ǴѴ. ׷ Ϻ ڵ ϰ 2010 ̺긮 ڵ ϴ.

ڵ Ȳ ũ ȭ ޹̴.

мϿ ; 2010 Ŀ ڵ ȭ ޹ ߵǾ ִ ˰ ȴ.

2010 ڵ ġ ⵵ ſ Ŀ, 켱 ٸ κ ȭ Ÿ 輺 Ŀٰ м ִ.

 

Ϲ ڵ ǥ , , ũ ̷ 3 ô ڵ Ѵ. ī ι ƴ ̻ ʿ䰡 ٰ ȴ. ⼭ ǥ ӵ ó 50% ϳ ϴٺ ̰ Ŭ ִ 찡 ִ. ο ǰδ ڵ ȿ ִ ׸ ߰ϴ ڴٴ ̴. ִ ִ Ÿ ӵ ̶ ǹѴ. ׷ ش ڵ ִ ȿ Ӹ ƴ϶, ش ڵ ӵ ߾ Ϸ ڵ ڿ ϰ ̱ ̴. , ġ ٸ ҵ鵵 ִ. , Ÿ̾ ũ & , /.

ǥ Ǫ 307cc 2,000cc ִ 20/60km/L ǥ ְڴ. 1L 60km 20km ٴ ̴. 60km ̻ ӵ̰ų ӵ ִ 20km ٴ ϸ ǰڴ. 5W30, 17ġ Ÿ̾, ִ 񿡼 ū ġ . ó ӽÿ ȿ . RPM 700rpm ڵ Ѹ 800rpm ö󰡴 Ȯ ִ.

 

ְ Ҿ ̺ (echo drving)  ȭ Ǿ ִ. ̺ ޹ ޺극ũ ϴ ǹѴ.

̺ ؾ ϴ ƴ϶ ȯ 忡 ſ ߿ϴ.

ϴ ̼ Ⱑ ̿ܿ Ÿ̾ 극ũ е ũ ̷ 3 ҷ ִ. ڵ ϴٺ ΰ Ÿ̾ е ũ ü ؾ ϴµ, ̷ ̼ Ǵ ̴. طο ̼ ִ. 츦 ڸ <Ⱑ ̼ : Ÿ̾ ̼ : 극ũ е & ũ ̼> < 33 %> ϰ ִ. , ƹ ڵ ڵ Ⱑ ڵ Ÿ̾ 극ũ Ͽ ٺ ̼ Ұϸ, ٺ ̼ ߻Ű ڱ λ ó ξ ڵ Ѵٴ ִ.

̺ Ѵٸ ׸ŭ Ḧ Ͽ Ⱑ Ÿ̾ 극ũ е & ũ Ȯ پ ȯ ũ ̹ Ӹ ƴ϶ Դ ڽ ڵ dz ׸ŭ طο ̼ ʴ´ٴ ǹѴ! ڰ ̺ üȭ ʿ䰡 ִ! 2,000cc ڵ 극ũ е 40,000km ü ϴµ, ̺긦 ϴ μ 50,000km Ǹ ü ֱⰡ ٰ´. ƴ϶ ȯ 鿡 ̺ ߿伺 ִ.

 

ڵ ϳ ̴ⷮ.

, ⷮ ڿ ƴ ٸ. 3,000cc eŬ ֱٿ ͺ Ͽ 2,000cc . ڿⷮ , ַ ȥ Ǵ θ ַ Ż (, ȥ ʱ), Բ Ż ⷮ ϴ õѴ. ַ ȥ Ǵ 2 Ÿ Ϲ ¿ ڵ ִ 1,600cc ڵ ϸ, 2,000cc ̻ ڵ ⸧ . ȥ Ǵ 2 ַ Ÿ ڵε, 3,000cc ̻ ڵ ⸧ .

 

ڵ ϳ Ÿ.

ڵ ܰŸ & ó Ÿ & ӵο , ܰŸ & ó ָ ڵ ٶϴ. ݸ, Ÿ & ӵ 쿡 ڵ ١.

Ͽ, ָ ڵ ٸ顦 ڵ Կ ̷ ߴ. ڵ ƹ  ٺ ָ ڵ ռ .

ڵ ָ ڵ Ͽ <ʹ ӵ (ũ)> <Ÿ > ̸, ٸ ε Ѵٸ (, , , , , , , ܿö , ð , ȯ氳δ ) ã . , ӵ Ÿ ڵ鿡Ը ٶ ǰ, ó Ǵ ܰŸ ڵ ָ õѴ. ʹ ߿ Ÿ ȭ ([ũ], , , ) , ٶϸ, ٸ ڵ ָ .

ָ ϴ. (1) ָ ȥպ 14.7:1 ε Ͽ ȸ(idle) ¿ 50:1̸ ¿ 20:1 ָ ᰡ ¿ ϱ ̸, (2) ָ Ǹ ŸǷ ⷮ ָ ̴.

޸ ǥϸ ߿ â̸, ָ Ḧ ¿ Ϳ â ִ. , (̼) ȴ.

 

ڵ ֿ ƴ϶ ַ ̱ ڵ ߸Ͽ.

ŸƮʹ1911 ij

ڵӱ( ̼) 1940 GM

1971 GM

GM ̴.

 

ڵ ϴ ذ ȵǴ .

â ø ġ ϴ ƴ϶ Ű ø Ͽ.

̵̷ 𼭸 پ ־ Ϸ ؾ ߴ.

ڵ κ̾ â Ͽ.

׳ ڵ ڵ Ʈũ ¿ αٿ ׳ ϴ÷ ޷ ־. ׳ ̽Ѵٴ ̾.

յ 翬 .

 

, ڵ ũ dz ڵ Ҵ.

ѱ ū ȣϰ, ũⰡ ǰ ǹϴ ϴ. ׷ ̰ Ǹ, ʼǰ ݴ Ÿ ȴ.

ѵθ ַ Ż ڵ ٶϴ. ȥ ַ ϸ鼭 Ŵ ϴ 𸣴 Ǵܵ ִ. ڵ ̺(owner drive) ڵ ƴ϶, ̺ ڵ شѴ. , ׷ Ŵ ϴ ƴ κʹ عޱ ʻ̴.

ε ҹϰ ūٴ ȣϸ SUVó Ͽ ð ȣѴ.

ϴ Ͽ ڵ Ѵð, ׽ý Ͽ ͳݿ ־.  ϰ ϴ. ʰ 忡 ó ۾ дٴ ̴. ̴. ʹ Ŀ δ㽺ٶ . Ż̾ƿ ڵ ͵ ѵ ε ڵ ʴٰ, ǾƮ 翡 ڵ ε Ͽٰ Ѵ. ε θ ٰ Ʋ ͺ̴.

ū ȣϴ ̱ 2016 ε θ ( eŬ ƴ϶) cŬ 巯ٴ ʿ䰡 , װ  а ִ ̱ 뼼 ڵ µ, ̱ ֿ ڵ ʳⰣ ġ Ͽ ġ 2016 Compact Car () 뼼 ߴٴ ô 帧 ġ ִ.

2014 ̱ 176cm̸, 2014 ̱ 162cm̴.

2014 ѱ ڴ 173.5cm̸, ѱ 161cmμ ѱ ̱ Ű !

ġ ƽþƿ Ű ū ڴ ѱ ̸, Ű ū ѱ ̶ Ѵ.

, 2014 173cm̸, 160cm̴.

, 2014 ƽþ 164cm̸, ƽþ 153cm̴.

, 2014 ū ״μ ڴ 184cm, ڴ 170cm̴.

, Ե ִ. ǥ Ƽ Ʈ(Ż Ʈδ 4, ״ ǹѴ. Ʈ״ ̳, ǹ̴ 4¦̶ ̴.) 5m ʴμ ظ 鿡Ե ϱ δ㽺 ӿ, ε鿡 αⰡ . Ƽ Ʈ״ 󿡼 Ƹٿ Top 10 Car Ѵ. Ҽ ִ . ؿܿ ī޷ , , , , ż ڵ ˷ ִ. , ̵ ε Ļ 3 ƴ϶ ̶ Ư Ҽ Ƹٿ ߷еȴ. ׷ ī޷ Ű 174cm 173cm̸ ڽ ְ ̴. , ̵ οԴ ̷  ũ ڵ ׷ 𸣳 168cm, 168cm, ż 164cm Over ִ. , ŷƮ ڽž Ű 178cmӿ Ƽ Ʈ׺ ũⰡ Ƽ ָ ̵ ε ʿ䰡 ִ. ( 5m )

 

ڵ ѹ ϴ ̴.

Aʷ м ⸦ Ѵ. Ư SUV Ͽ Ͽ · Ͽ Aʷ ġ .

, 迡 ߽ϴ ̴̱. ̱ Ƹ޸ĭӽ̶ Ī ũ ܴ ⺻ Ѵ. ʴ ϴ, , ū ȣ ʴ  Ѵ.

 

ũ з  ϴ ü ϴ ü ִ. ǥ ϴ, (s-Ŭ), (e-Ŭ), (c-Ŭ, Compact Car), (a-Ŭ), (Ʈ) . ݸ, ǥ ѱ ʴ (, ׽ý EQ900, G90), (׽ý G80), ش (׷), (Ÿ), (ƹݶ, i30), (Ʈ, , Ŭ), () 7 Ѵ. , 3ܰ ִ. ƿ ڵ絵 ڵ ſ ȭϿ Ǹϰ ִµ, ǥ ƿ A6 ش̸, ƿ A7 , ƿ A8 ʴ ִ.

2020 ƿ A6 4,950mm̸ Ű 2,924mmε, 2020 ƿ A7 4,975mm̸ Ű 2,926mmμ ̰ ٴ ̴. ̷ ߴ Ǿ ̵ ſ ũ ̰ ٴ ˸ ȴ. Compact Car() ƿ A4 ƿ A6̿ ƿ A5 ̻ ڵ Ͽ.

 

ƿ A4                                               vs.  ƹݶ

ƿ A5 & ƿ A5 Ʈ vs.  ׽ý

ƿ A6                                                vs.  Ÿ, K5, þ

Ƶε A7                                                vs.  ׷, ׽ý G80

ƿ A8                                                vs.  ׽ý G90

 

׸, ڵ ũ з ũ ô뿡 ٸ. ֳϸ ô뿡 󸶴 忡 ȭ ֱ ̴. ǥ 2010⿡ ڵ EFŸ ణŸ 2,700mmε, 2017⿡ ƹݶ AD ణŸ 2,700mmμ ũⰡ . , 2010⿡ ڵ ׷ ణŸ 2,780mmε, 2017⿡ Ÿ ణŸ 2,805mmμ Ÿ ũ.

-                : ڼ ſ Ӱ Ż ִ < S Ŭ>

-                : ڼ Ӱ Ż ִ < E Ŭ>

-                (compact car): ڼ ° Ż ִ ( ణ Ÿ 2,650mm vs. 2,750mm) < C Ŭ>

-                (small car): ڼ ణ ϰ Ż ִ ( ణ Ÿ 2,600mm vs. 2,700mm) < CLA Ŭ>

-                (light-weight car) < Ʈ >

CŬ (compact car)̸, CLA (small car).

ణ Ÿ 50mm (5cm) ڼ Ÿ û ̴.

, ڴ ġ̳ SUV ȣϰ ȴ.

ǥ ġ 2010 i30 4,245mm̸ ణŸ 2,650mm̸, ǥ SUV 2016 Ƽ 4,195mm̸ ణŸ 2,600mm̴.

ü ũ⵵ ؾ Ѵ. , Ű պ ۰ų ̶ OK̳, Ű ũų ׶ ̶ Ÿ Ѵ.

 

Ͽ Ҿ ڵ 縦 ġ 뼼̸, Ǫ 508 ϳε ũ. Ǫ 508 Ÿӿ μ Ʈο DS5 Ҿ ε ū ٴ ִ ڵ ũ ǻȰ Ͽ ʿ䵵 ִ. Ư, ѱ ̱ ȹÿʹ ޸ Ϻ ̳ ĸó . , ð 带 뼼 ̷ Ѵ. ̿ ޸- 2009 ִ. п AŬ ȣĪϰ зϰ ߸ ǥ̴. ѱ Compact Car зǴµ CŬ شѴ. AŬ ƴ϶ . п AŬ ƹݶ ϴµ ߸ ̸ Ʈ ؾ °, CŬ ƹݶ ϴ °, EŬ Ÿ ϴ ´. 2020 õ A220 ޸ڸ ũ ǰ ι Ѱ λ п Ƽϸ鼭 ϴ (entry) 𵨡 ǥ Ǹ Ͽ. ;ϸ鼭 ִ ǥ ̶ ̵ ǵ ڸ ߿伺 Ŀ ִ. ڼ ϰ Ͽ ȭ CLAŬ Ǹ ư ߰ CLA-AMG ȴ.

 

Ͽ Ϲε  ڵ ִ.

Ϲ ķ Ǵ ˰ , ǥ 4 Ƽ Ʈ״ 5m μ ķ Ǵ ̴. ׷ ݵ ׷ ʴ.

ǥ 2008 ij DTS 5m Ѵ ӿ ƴ ̴. ׷ ļ CT6 쿡 ķ Ǵ äϿ. Ѱ踦 𸣳, ij Ǵ ķ Ǵ ٲ ִ.

2016 MKS 5m Ѵ ӿ Ǵ äϰ ִ.

ڵ ǥ ڵ Ǵ äϰ ִ.

ڵ 2011 Ƿ äϿ, ļ K9 ķ äϿ.

, 濡 Ѵٸ > > ķ̴.

 

ȸ ù ƮXG. ȸ â ұԸ ȸ 2005⵵ Ͽµ, ū ִ ڵ ˾ƺ 鿡 ø Ͽ, ̾. ߰ Ͽµ, . ȸ ϰ Ǹ ° ǻͿ ٿٿ ־ ѹ ִ. ȸ翡 MT Ǹ ü 7 Ÿ ̵ Ͽ Ǿ. 9ν̴. ߰ ְ 2 3 3 ̴. δ 2 ϹǷ 8 ִ ִ. 2011 20 km óϰ i30 ġ ü Ͽ.

 

ڵ ũ ڵ (family car) . Ϲ Ϸ ̻ ؾ Ѵٴ ǰ ̳, ڵ ʾҴ 1990븸 ϴ , κ . ǥ ڵ Ʈ. 2007⿡ ڵ Įν Ͽ 2017 ϱ 10 Ÿ ٳ. ġ顯μ ̾. ׷ ׺ ̶̻ ƶ ߴ. ׺пԴ ԰ Ƶ ̷ 4̾µ, װ ߾Ÿ ־ ̴. ϰ SUV ڵ Ÿ 3,000 Ѱ ϼ̴.

 

[Ŭ joins.com] 3 Ƶ 2 Ű ʾ ò ̾߱⡯

[߾Ϻ 2007-03-02]

12 ź ̺ϴ (1 11)

Ʈ 츮 ģ. 1994 12 Ѿ , Ʈ . â ø ߳뵿̰, ޹¦ ߰ Ҹ ߴ. (11.°)̿ ̸ 뿡 ڵ ణ 򸮴 Ҿߴ. Ѵ ټ ¿ Ȼ 湮 ڵ տ Ƣ ȴ. ߴ. ä Ҵ ֹ ̿ ְ ֱ . ϴ ̵ Բ α ΰ .

ϱ Ʋ ̺ ϵ ô ߿ ѹ㿡 Ѱ ġ Կ ߴ. ⿡ ѵ ϰ ı 볪 ε  󸶳 ò 뷡ϰ Ұ ٳ. ѹ ϰ ٳ Ī߾. ϴ , 罽 ̰ Ҵ. ̺̾.

 

Ͽ  Ǿ Ƿ ڵ dz ũ 2 Ʈũ ľϸ ȴ.

2 (leg room) Ӹ (head room) ׸, ȴ.

ڵ Ʈũ ũ⸦ 쿡 3 뵵 Ǵ ִ. (1) , (2) , (3) ķ 뱸

ڵ 򰡴 ͳݿ پ ڵ Ƿ Ƿ ľ ϴ.

̵ ǰ߿ ϸ ڵ Ʈũ 𷰽 ִٴ ġ ִ.

ư ִ 쿡 Car Seat (īƮ) ϸ Ǵµ, ̰ 3 īƮ 3 ִ° ε, , ͳ ڵ ǰ߿ ϸ Ϲ ڵ̸鼭 2 īƮ 3 Ϸ Diono RXT ǰ ϴٰ õǾ ִ.

ܼ Ʈũ ũ⸸ ̻ ̳ SUV ϸ ׸̳, 忡 ū Ⱦϴ Ÿ ̷ ϴ ߻Ѵ.

 

ڶ λ ڵ ִ. ϴ ڵ ִ. κ ڵ ¿µ, ڵ صƮ  ־µ, ̱ ΰ Ÿ ̷ ڵ ϰ . õ ѽð ġ , ָ ̸ ٰ ݴ ̸ ̸鼭 ó Ҵ ִ. 翷 ڽ ֳ鼭. λ . ī̼ û ϴٰ ۸ µ ˰ ڰ ƴ϶ ̸ .

ѹ κ μ ̴. ؿܷ 鼭 ڽ ڵ ڳĴ ޾Ҵ. ڵ ︮° ϰ ⿴.

 

ڵ ̷ ڵ? .

׷ ȭ DZ Ͽ ʿѵ, ̵ ϱ ̺긮 ڵ, ÷ ̺긮 ڵ ̴.

̷ ڵ ռ ִ ? Ϻ, ߱, ̴̱.

̺긮 ڵ Ͽ 1 Ϻ Ÿ.

ڵ 1 ϸ ̱ ׽ ø, ׽ ƴ϶, ߱ ̵(BYD). ڵ 簡 Ǿ, ڵ Ͽ ׸ ũ 䱸 ʴ´.

Ÿ ̶ (̷) ڵ ѱ ִ. ѱ ڵ .

ڵó Ÿ Ϻ üϸ鼭 ؿ شϴ ڵ . ҿ Ҹ ϴ μ ϴ (H2O) Ѵ. , 2017 Ϻ Ÿ ̶̴ 550km ϴ ʿ ũ ϴµ 3 ۿ ɸ ʾƼ 30 ̻󿡼 ð 񱳰 ʴ´. ڵ ͸ ־ ü Ǵ , ڵ Ҹ ϸ ȴ.

ñ ģȯ ޴ ϸ, ҿ Ͽ ġ ʹ ޸ ġ ʿѵ, ̰ ̼͸ ϸ ü ƴٴϴ ȭ ϱ ̴.

ڵ ϴ ̼ ʹ̼ µ Ÿ̾ 극ũ еκʹ ̼ Ǹ, ⱸ Ͽ ʹ̼ ȴ. , ñ ģȯ ڵ Ÿ̾ 극ũ е ߻ϴ ̼ ߻ ̼ ƴٴϸ鼭 Ƶδٸ ʹ̼ ̼ θ ñ ִ ûұ ̴!

 

-> ڵ

-> ڵ ( ): ָ vs. vs. LPG vs. ̿

-> ̺긮 ڵ ( پ)

-> ÷ ̺긮 ڵ ( & )

-> ( )

-> [] ( ) -> ÷ ( & )

 

ڵ װ ּ 񱳸 ڸ װԿ Ǵ ڷ ̿ ڷ ڵ ΰ Ǵ ¾翭 ̿ ¾翭 ڵ ִ. ڷ ڵ ٴ Ǽ , ¾翭 ڵ 1 ¾翭 ߴ ī  ִ.

 

, 󡯿 ̷ ڵ ¿Ѵ.

̹ ߾ ִٴ ְ, ٴ ִ. ݸ ʾ ҿǴ û ڱ ִ. , ʹ ѹ ϸ û ı ź شϹǷ ΰϴ.

 

->

->

-> .

 

⼭ ģȯ Ǵ ̺긮 ڵ ް ִµ, ģȯ Ǻ ʿ䰡 ִ. ̳ ƴϳ, ƴϳ, ƴϳ ƴ϶, <ȯ > ȯ濡 ǿ⵵ ũ ƴϳķ ģȯ ϴ ̴. , ̳, Ź͸ Ǵ й͸ ó ʳ ȯ濡 ǿ ġ 巯ٸ ģȯ з ִ ̴.

ڵ û 2000 ʹ ڵ Ϻ ū ٴ ̺긮 ڵ ϴ ؼȭ Ǿٴ ϸ, ̺긮 ڵ ģȯ ̺긮 ڵ Ϻ ó Ͽ Ϻ ģȯ ִ ̴! ⺻ ̺긮 ڵ ִ ̺긮 ڵ ڵ 2. ̴ ᱹ ̺긮 ڵ ŭ ڵ ̴ ȿ̸, ؼ ŭ Ⱑ پ ȿ!

׷, ѱ ޸ ֹ ڵ Ϻ ũ 2 ģȯ̴. ù°, GDI ƴ϶ MPI ̶ ۾ . °, ̺긮 ڵ Ƽ Ḧ 2 ٿ ص Ǵ ȿ ´. , ̺긮 ڵ ȿ 2 ŭ ڵ 1/2 پ ȿ ִ ̸, GDI ƴ MPI ̶ ̼ ⵵ ؼȭȴ. ̰ ڵ õ Ϻ 濡 ̱ ÿ ڵ ģȯ غ ٸ 켱 <̺긮 & MPI ֹ ڵ> ȯ غ Ѵٰ Ѵ. , ̺ ڵ ص ̼ Ǵ GDI ؾ Ѵ.

 

, Ϻ ٸ о߿ ̺긮 ϰ ִ . ǥ ð踦 ڸ ̺긮 ð ˴ Ϻ ü̴.

Ϻ ð ۻ ׷ < ̺ (spring drive)> ǥ̴. ð ǰ ո 忡 İ Բ ͸ ϴ ð ߰ ¶ ȴ. ո ϸ, ϰ braking Ͽ ƽ ð ش. ݴ뵵 ġ ʴµ, ð ð ͸ Ϳ , ո δٴ ƽ ð Ѵٴ ִ. , ǰ Ƿ ðó ⸶ Ȧ̶ ۾ ʾƵ ȴ. Ǵٸ ׷ ̺ ð Ȯ Ͽ +- 1ʸ δٴ ̴( ð Ͽ -15 ~ +15̸, ũγ (COSC) ð Ͽ -4 ~ +6). IC (integrated circuit, ȸ) ǰ ϳ µ IC ǰ ǰ Ѱ谡 ִٶ ? ð ش ǰ ü ϸ dz, IC °ġ AS ۿ , AS ԰ Ҿ Ȧ ߻Ѵ. Űƽ̳ Ƽ ̺ó ͸ Ƿ ģȯ ð з ִ! ġ ̺긮 ڵ ģȯ ڵ зǴ ó!

Ǵٸ Ϻ ð ۻ Ƽ < ̺ (Eco-Drive)> Ͽ ϹǷ ⸶ ü ʾƵ ǹǷ ϸ ģȯ ð з ִ! ¾籤̵, ΰ̵ о ȯϹǷ ݿ ִ. δ, 10 Ǹ ڵ ͸ó ް ü ؾ Ѵٴ ߿ ̰ڴ. ڵ 10 Ǹ ͸ ް ü ؾ ϴµ ġ ߿ ǰ̴. ϳ Ư ִµ, ϴ ῡ ̾ ʰ, ϳ ῡ ̳׶ ۶󽺸 ϰ ִٶ ִ.

GPS ž ð ü鵵 Ϻ ð . ̰ ؿܿ ڵ ° ð ϹǷ, Ͻǵ ŷŰ ִ. ð ٽ ǰ Ʈ ֱ Ϻμ 踦 ϰ ִ.

Ϻ 3 ð ϳ īÿ(CASIO) ڳ Ƽ ٸ ߱Ͽ. ð踦 پ Ѿ ð о, Ưȭ о 귣 ð, ٸ Ϻ ð 켱ϴ Ϳ Ͽ Ưȭ 귣 (Sheen) 귣 ð. Ư ȭ о߷ Ưϰ & ̶ Ǵܵȴ!

鿡 ðϸ δ 귣? ϰ  ΰ īÿ Ѵ. Ϻ ڵ ڵ о߿ پ ڵ ˷ ó, ð о߿ پ ð ü Ϻ īÿ (CASIO) ð . īÿ (G-Shock) ð 󿡼 ưư ð ׽Ͽ Ǿ ִ. 20 Ʈ ð踦 ĵ ۵ϴ ش. ε ϴ ð ŴϾ ڵ ٱ۰Ÿ. Ļ 귣尡 ִٴ ! ̺-(Baby-G) 귣带 Ļ״µ, ð̳, ũ⸦ ̰ Ҹ Ͽ Ȱ ð衱 ĻŲ 귣 ð ȴ!

ڿ ޸ ڵ <̳ > . 忡 ڵ ̴µ Ǹ <ũ > Ҹ ߿ Ѵ. ð谡 ٷ īÿ Sheen 귣 ð ȴ. 忡 ð ̾ ڵ Ƽ̵ īÿ 𸣰 ɵ . 忡 ڳ Ƽ ٴ Ϲ ο Ưȭ īÿ Sheen . , īÿ ð üʹ ޸ ϴ & ְ ִ! ǥ, 踦 Ȱϴ Ͻ ̶ īÿ Sheen SHW-1507D ִµ, ̿ܿ < ð>μ Ÿ (ħ ø ) ð ¥ ڵ Ǵ ϸ ¾籤 ð ڵ ߾ ִ!

, īÿ 귣 ʾҳ ʹ.

ذ ʰ, ϰ ٴ ϰ ƴ϶ 濡 ڰ⸦ ݵ ϳ ٳ. ̶ й ̴ Ұϱ ̹Ƿ, а ÿ п ڰ⸦ ʼ ؾ ߴ. ġ 鿡Դ , , ʼ̰, 鿡Թ ʼ ó.

׷ ƹ ص пڰ⸸ (ֳϸ ǹǷ), пڰ⸦ ϸ鼭 ߴ.

ְ 귣尡 ٷ īÿ пڰ⿴, ߴ.

, п ڰⰡ 6070 а(?) ٳٰ Ѵ.  Ͽ, Ͻô Եκ ̾߱⸦ ̴.

 

ð ݱ ̱ ð踦 ϰ Ϻ .

ϴ ٺ ð Ʈ ҷ Ų ڸ Ʒ ٸ ͵ ð Ʈ ü ̶ ⿡ ׷.

1.            Ż Ʈ (18 ߸ 丶 Ż ) Ȧ 5

2.            Ѹ Ʈ (1795 )

ð迡 ߷ ߻ϴ ð ϴ ġ

̷а ޸ δ ū ǹ̰ ٴ .

ð ȿ äϸ ݾ δ. => ݵ ð θ .

3.            Ż (rotor winding automatic) Ʈ (1931 ѷ -> Ϲȭ) Ȧ 5

4.            Ʈ (1952 ߽ ~ 1959 , ηι ťƮ(Accurtron) ð) ð谡 鼭 ͸ ð ġ .

Ϸ 2 & Ѵ 1 .

״ ĸ ̿ϹǷ Ҹ 鸲.

11ȣ ӹ .

׷ 귣 ȫ.

5.            ͸ & Ʈ (1969 ƽƮ -> Ϲȭ) Ȧ ϸ Ǹ, Ư 2~5 ͸ ü.

6.            ڿþ Ʈ (1980 ʹ ٴϿ Ż 2 Ʈ & Ư, 1999 ް , only ް)

7.            ѷ Ķũ : ̿(Nb), ũڴ(Zr), (O) ձμ ڼ Ǹÿ  ݿ غ (2000 ѷ). Ķ Ư¡.

8.            ̺ ( & ̺긮) Ʈ (ī īϳ 1977 ߽ ~ 2005 , only ׷ ) Ȧ 10 but .

9.            Ͻ Ʈ: , , Ŀ, ̽ ǰ ϳ Ƿ (2017)μ Ƿ ʿ .

2017 ׹ ð ׶ ð衯

ũŻ Ǹ(Monocrysalline Silicon) ۵ Ƿͷμ µ ڱ(1,100 )

(ް ڿþ Ŀ ٿ) <Ƿ >

̿ Ͻ Ƿʹ ( 280~320̳) 6 ε 108,000 vPh(15Hz) Ͽ Ͽ +-0.3 ñ ð Ȯ Ѵ. Ȯ ðó ǻȰ ⵵  ִ! Ѹ ð غ Ʈ. ׷ ̷ Ƿʹ ۾δ Ұ ð (?) ʳ . Ǹÿ  Ķũ  ʹ ڼ ΰǴ ð ϴ ִ. Ǿ Ȯ ѷ ڿþ ȭ ް Ͻ(Zenith) Ǵܵȴ.

 

ʵб б ð . (?) ð踦 ־µ, 귣带 Ѵ. Ƽ̾. ݻŰ £ ̾ǿ ݵݵ úħ ִ ׹ ð迴. ƹ īÿ ڽð踦 ־ ȴ. īÿ ڽð žġ ˶ پ ־ ư Ҹ ſ ű߾ ƹ ð踦 Ͽ ٸ ð ٺ īÿ ð谡 ÷ ηϿ. Ƽ ð ѹ ¿ ⲯؾ Ϸ Ѱ ۵ϹǷ Ͼڸ ׿ ƾ ϴ ־. 20 б  ȸ ߾µ, ѱ Ƴ(Anam) ð踦 . ̾ ݵݵ Ƽ ð ̾µ, ðμ ͸ ⿡ ѹ ٲٸ ȴٴ ־. Ƴ ð 30 ߰ ߰ ͸ ü ϸ鼭 10Ⱓ Ͽ.

ô ð赵 ðμ ݿ ŷǾ. η θ ð 귣尡 ϰ ü ѹα ð踦 ϰ ִ. θ ̿Ƽ ٲ鼭 ͱݼ & ׼ ð ǰ κ ġ , ̿Ƽ 迬Ƹ 𵨷 . ô ذ ʾҴµ ƹ μ ʹ ű ð踦 ٴϼ̴. ð踦 ׿ ⿡ ѹ ȯؾ߸ ϴ ðε, ƹ ð ¿ ʾƵ ǰ ð谡 ׳ ֱ⸸ ϸ ȴٰ Ͽ ʹ ̾. ƹ ̱ δ ī ٹϽø鼭 ̱ ģ ̶ ϼ̴. ƹ ȣ µ ̱ ģ ٰ̾ ߴ. ƹ ﳪµ ٹϴ å ѱ ƴ ִ ű, ѿ ԰ ̱ ģ ִ ﳭ.

̵ ˰ κ ׷ η <(sun ray) >̶ ȣĪǾ, <ø ׸(Olive Green)> ȣĪǾ. ű κ ù° ø ׸ 㷹 ð Ӹ ӿ ִ. ʷϻ ̾ աϰ ġ Ͽµ ־, ׷ ð踦 ڸ . ϳ ϴ ø ٴٻ <(sun ray deep blue), Ķ> Ѵ. ð & ε λ ϰ ϴ û ִ ̴. ׷ Ķ Ǵ ߳ ︮ ̵ ︮ ִٶ ִ. ð ̾ ǥ δ <(sun ray champagne gold)>μ ߳ ̻󿡰 ︮ 붥Ƽ źΰ е ִ. ѷ ð ǥ ٷ .

(Sun Ray Deep Blue): ~ ߳Ⱑ ︲. ߳ ̻ʹ ︮ .

㷹 ø ׸ (Sun Ray Olive Green): а ︲.

(Sun Ray Champagne Gold): ߳ ̻ ︮ мǿ 붥Ƽ . οԴ ణ (Rose Gold) õѴ.

<ɺ ҹ> ϴ 찡 ð ѷ ŷ Ƽε ƯϰԵ ϴû ƴ Ʈ ѷ ŷ Ƽ. ̶ ׷ ó м ִ. ѷ 귣 ̹ ︮ ʴ Ʈ û ȭ õ ʹ. Ƽ ѷ ̴. 㷹 ø ׸ ѷ ̽ Ǵµ ŸԵ 26mm 34mm 𵨸 ϸ 𵨿 ̴. ѷ ̽ 26mm Ǵ 34mm ѷ ð豺 ηǷ ø ׸ ѷ ϴ ڴ ְ ϴ ̴. ũ ø ׸ Ѵٸ ְ ̵Ʈ ƮƮ ޺ ؾ ϴµ ó < ö ѷ ɷ> ź ̴.

 

߰ ѱ ð Ƶ (ü), η, θ, Ʈð (), Ƴð, ѵð, Zð谡 ־, ̾µ <ѷ ( ð, Ϻ ÷ ð, ߱ & ȫ ð) ð ӵǸ鼭 ð > ҷ Ǵܵȴ. ð ū Z̴. ʱ⿡ , ̼ ð赵 Ͽµ, 1995 ְ 귣 迡 Ѵٶ ְ ī޶ ü 귣 Ѷ(Rollei) μ ͱ Ҵµ Ѷ 귣带 ð迡 Ͽ Ǹ ߻Ͽ. ٷ ְ ð 귣 ѷ(Rolex) ϴ Ҽۿ ָȰ Z Ҽۿ 1999 氪 Ѷ 귣带 ٽ Ⱦƾ ߴ.

м ϼ ð̸, м ϼ (, Bag)̶ ǹ̸ ǻ ʿ䰡 ִ.

׸, ڵ Ҿ ð ְ 峭̶ ִ.

ܼ ¸ ̴.

 

ð ȣϴ Ϻ κ ð谡 κ ϰ ִٶ ʿ䰡 ִ. Ϻ ڰ 1969 12 ð ƽƮС , 뷮 ü踦 ۾ ϴ ð Ÿݰ Բ Ͽ ð 翡 뷮 Ǿڰ ӼϿ.

ϴ¡ ĵ

ð ΰ ð踦 ð踦 ϰ ð迡 ߴٸ? ð Ϻ ð谡 踦 Ͽ ̴. ̰Ե ð Ƴα ̶ ڽŵ鸸 ʰ , , ̾Ƹ û ð Ͽ ʳ Ŀ Ϻ ð ð κ ִ. , Ϻ ð迡 , Ͽ Ϻ ð迡 ִ ̴.

< ĵ -> ð ū ͼ , ߰ پ ð Ǹ, ð > ߾ ߴ.

, ְ 濵 ô ȸ Ѽ Ǵ ̸, ð ״ ð о ϳ ̴.

Խ ð μ ׶ ̳ 3ü. (ʸ, Ǿ, ѷ). ð ĵ ¾ ̰Ե ð Ϻθ Ϻ ܵ 귣 ġ ϶ Ͽ (ǥ ް ), Ѵ Ͽ. ƹ ߰ ð Ļ Ͽ. 쿡 ó ij , ݵ ȿϴ. ǥ Ұ ־ ü 1970븻 ð پ ظǰ ð ġ ϰ ֵ ð ٽ ִ μ . Ұ Ʈ ڸ Ͽ ð ϳӿ Ʈ ߿ Ͽ.

 

Ǿ ĵ Ͽ ð ü ⸦ ETA ǸƮ Ʈ(ETA Ʈ) ̶ ĵ ̰ܳ 庻 ġ׷ <ݶ ̿, 1928~2010> ȸ 2002 ġ ׷ ܺηδ ETA Ʈ Ͽ ̴. Ͽ ETA Ʈ( ETA Ʈ) پ ð 翡 ϰ, ش ü ణ Ͽ Made in Swiss ũ ߾µ, ġ ׷ ð 縸 ׷ ϸ, ġ ׷ ܺ ð 翡Դ ǰ ETA Ʈ ϰڴٴ ̴. ̰ ǰ Ʈ 90% ETA ϰ ־Ƿ ð ü ޾ ݿ ó ϸ ĵó ѹ ⸦ ְ ȴٴ ̴. ETA ĵ ð нѼ ̸鼭 Ʈ ִ ĵ ȸϿ Ʈ ڿ Ͽ پȭ Ǿ, ð ETA Ư ķ ī κ ó ްų ǰ ETA Ʈ ޹޴ Ȳ Ǿ.

 

ð ϴ ߿ 2 ĵ ĵ ETA ĵ Ʈ õǾ ִ. , ð ٽ Ʈ(movement).

1970 , Ϻ Բ ð Ͽ ѱ ϳ ڸ ü Ʈ ̸, Ʈ ѽ . ̰ ѱ ƴϰ, ü Ʈ ð ΰ ϰų Űǰų ų ߶ϴ ü Դ. ġ ڵ ϸ鼭 ٽ ǰ ó. , Ϻ ð谡 踦 ŸϿ, ð ð Ʈ ʾ ƴ϶, Ʈ Ͽ ٸ ð ޸ Ϻ ð Ʈ . Ʈ Ϻ(-Hattori, Ƽ-Miyota, Ʈ, ) Ҿ (ETA, Ronda) Ʈ ϰ ִ. Ư Ʈ Ͽ ð ڽ ƽ Ʈ ð迡 ϰ κ ̰ âϴ ״. ϳ, Ϻ ð ܺο Ǹϴ Ʈ ǰ Ǹ ʴ´. װ (, Ƽ) ǰϸ, , ̿Ÿ 귣 Ʈ ܺ OEM ޿̳ ð迡 ǰѴ. , ˹ ð谡 ð躸 ⿡ ִ. , Ϻ ð ð踦 ϰ ְ κ ð Ʈ Ͽ , ð ǸƮ ƽ ð ϰ ִ. ǥ ׷ ڴ. ƽ ð踦 Ⱑ ׷ٸ ׷ ڵ ƴ Ϲ ƽ ð踦 ϰ ʹ.

ƽ ð ƽ ð ϳ (power reserve) ġε, Ϸ + a Ǹ, 50ð ̻ʹ ̷ ִ. ׸, 70ð ̻ power reserve ǰ ƽ ð迡  ̸, ݵ  ͵ κ̴. ׷ ! 70ð ̶ غ 3 ä ȵǴ ðμ ݿ Ŀ ΰ ָ ð ʰ ִ ϴ μ ð迡 ϸ ȵǴ ӿ ظ ä ̷ ִ. Ʈ ϳϳ ؾ ϱ ε û ۾ ʿϱ ̴.

, ð ⿡ ѹ (3~5) õ ¥ ͸ ȯϸ Ǵµ, ƽ ð ⲯؾ <40ð > ħ ʴ´ٴ ̿ ִ. ð Ƽ (long power reserve) ƽ ð迡 2000 ߹ݺ ־. ETA Ʈ C07.111 ع Į H-10 Ʈ, Ƽ Ŀƽ 80 Ʈ, ̵ Į 80 Ʈ 80ð power reserve Ǵµ 80ð (3 + 8ð) μ ָ Ͽ ʾƵ Ǵ ð Ʈ ִ. Ÿ, IWC Į 500 ̱ 跲 7 ð ϸ, ƶ㸮 Į 113 ̱ 跲 (̱ 跲δ ְ ) 10 ϸ <(?)δ ƽ ð谡 ƴ϶, ð.>, Ʈ ˳״ 跲 Ѵ 31 Ѵ. ׷ Ʈ ˳״ ǰ ðμ ѻ纮̴. 鿡 Į 113 Ʈ ð谡 ְ , Ʈ Į 110 Ͽ ( â 110ֳ Ͽ Ʈμ, 10 power reserve), Į 111 (9 ¥â ߰), Į 112 (12 â ߰), Į 113( ǥ ٴ ߰) ̰ ִ. 100 ̻ ð ܱ游 ߱ ð ̸, ո ݴ ƽ ð ð ȣ ް ִ, ո ݴ ð ð ȣ ް ִ ð迡 Ͽ 10 .

 

߻ϸ ϸ, ϴ ð 䰡 û ޼Ѵ. <ع(Hamilton)> 2 Ϲ ð Ǹ Ͻ ϰ θ 100 ǰ ӿ ð ū ̷. 2 ε ð <͸(Rotary)> ð谡 ϰ Ǿ. ׷, ȷ Ȩ ð ͸. ð ̱ ߽ ǰ Ư ϴ. ع 2016 īŰ ̺ α׸ 1,000m ° Ҿ H-10 Ʈ 80ð Ŀ ӿ ұϰ 180̸, Ʒ 300m īŰ ̺ α׸ 130 Ұϴ! ̹ (diver) ð ǥ ѷ Ͽ ް ױȣ̾ ̹ ð ϸ ûٰ ִ. , 200m ̹ ð Ѵٸ ̹ ð谡 ְ Ѿ . ϳ ð 귣尡 ִµ, Ż ij׶(Panerai)μ 2 Ż ر Ͽ. ð عϰ ͸ʹ ޸ ǰ ð еǾ Ƽ Ϲ ٴ ̿ ð зȴ. ð 鼭 ϰ ǰ 뿭 ð ȴ.

 

ڵ ð ִ.

̱ ˰ ʹٸ ع ð踦 ϸ Ǹ, ˰ ʹٸ ͸ ð踦 ϸ ȴ. ع (Ventura) ð ѵ, Ư ﰢ ϴ. ͸ ð踦 ڸ ڵ 翡 ȣϴ õ ̸, ͸ ð ε ƶ ϴ (elegance) ⺻ ϰ ִ. ð踦 ڸ Ϻε ϰ ܼϸ ð踦 Ȯ , Ż ȥ ִ Ұ, , Ƹ ð踦 ڸ ̰, ϰ, ִ. (A. Lange Sohne, Ʈ ˳)̳ װż(Ingersoll) ð踦 ڸ ϰ ⼺ ̶ ̹ ٷ .

޸ װż ̱ ð ̳ ̴. , װż ð踦 ڸ 2 η Ѵ. ϳ ϰ ⼺ ð ٸ ϳ Ű콺 ij ð. ij ð 簡 װż̴. װż ð ǰ з εκ ð. Ʈ , ӽ , շ, Ҽ ũ Ʈ, ߸ 丶 , . 1890 ð谡 ۾ 1892 װż ð ̱  뷮 ý Ͽ ð ȭ ̲ ÿ û Ǹŷ Ͽ. 1896 뷮 װż ð 1 (1 dollar) ǸŵǾ ̱ 4,000 ̻ ǸŸ ޼Ͽ. 4,000 ̶  ݾ̴. Ǹ ġ ߴ ׸ ׷ ȭ 귣  ߴ ݿ ͼ 귣 ϶ߴ ǿͽ. ϳ Ǵ ٴ < ״ Ǵ 帧 > . ÿ ް ð 귣 װԼ 귣尡 ˷ , ̱ 26 罺Ʈ ī װż ð谡 Ǵ 󿡼 ڽ Ұ ٰ Ѵ. ΰż ð ð 忡 ſ Ǿ ִ.

װż Ͽ ̱ ǥ ̱ ð ִ. ռ ع ð 1892 ̱ ǺϾ īͿ ̱ ð ̸ Ҹ ȭ ׸ 絵 Ȱϴ ð. 1977 ް-Ƽ- ׷ SSIH μǾµ, ȸ簡 1983 ġ ׷ μǸ鼭 ġ ׷ Ҽ 귣尡 Ǿ. ع American Spirit + Swiss Precision̴. ġ ׷ ع 귣 ϰ ִ.

Ǵٸ ̱ ǥߴ ðδ ηι(Bulova) ð谡 ִ. װżְ عó ʱ⿡ ̱ ð 踦 ̿ 뷮 ǰ ߰ ־. 1926 ð 1941 TV ð Ͽ. Ѷ ̱ 󿡰 ִ ļ(Gift of State) ηι ð谡 ̱ο 귣忴. ̱ 湮 ̱ ɿ ηι ð踦 . ٸ ̱ ðó ĵ غ ϰ ؿ μպǾµ Ϻ Ƽ μǸ鼭 귣 Ŀ ſ . , ٴٿ ηι ð ϳ ִ.

װż, ηι, ع 3 ü ? ʱ⿡ ̱ 뷮 ü ̱ ð ䷮ ð Ͼ ϰ ð ȣ ־, ð ٽ Ʈ ȭ Ͽ Űǰų ɱ׶. ׷ٰ 쿡ó ⸦ ־ ͵ ƴ.

 

ǰ ڵ ϸ ڵ ó, ǰ ð . 츮 ˰ 𸣰 ڵ ڵ ǰ εǾ , ð ǰ εǾ ִ ̴. ð 鸲 ϰ ִ ð ϴ ڵ . ڵ ð Ǵµ, ð ð 帣鼭 ϴ ڻ ġ ִ. , ð ڵó ̷ . ٴ ϰ ڻ갡 ڽ ź ̰ ; ո õ ~ ¥ ð踦 ̴. 翬 η ʴ ε ̳, ̷ ηϴ ̶ ڽ ϴ ε, ̷ ո شϴ ٴϰ ϴ.

 

Ϲ ð 3Ҵ?

(design)

(brand) [, ]

Ʈ(movement) [Ȯ, ]

 

ڵ ҿ ϸ ſſ ϴٰ ִ! , ڵ ÿ ϰ ִ.

(design) [, ũ, dz]

(brand) [, ]

(engine) [, ]

 

(Bag) ȴ.

(design) [, ũ]

(brand) []

(material) [ vs. ռ] ǰ Ϲ γ ( ) ƴ. (daily) δ ռ ٶ ִ.

 

ų ִ.

(design) [ ܰ & ׸] ⿡ ִ.

(brand) [ ]

(material) [ & ]

 

ð ?

3 θ , Ϲ Ҹ ߿ϴ ְ, ǰ ð м ð踦 ϴ 찡 . м 귣 , , 귣 ð ǰ ð з ʰ м ð Ѵ. , ǰ ֻ ǰ ϰ ̳ ϳ Ǵ ǰ̴. ̺ Ƹ(Emporio Armani) , Ż ȥ ־ ſ Ƹٿ쳪 ٽ ǰ Ʈ , ޸ ׸ ǰ ʱ ̴. ׷ ð ū ̰ Ƿ ΰ 鸸 ٸ Ƹϵ ̴. ð ϸ鼭 θ ߿ ϴ ̶ , Ƹ, Ķ Ŭ η ̸ ˷ ִ ð谡 ִ. , Ƹ, Ķ Ŭ ƴ϶, ҰBB Ͽ 迭 ǰ ð赵 ̺  ſ ݿ ǰ ִ. ˳ġ 鼭 ο ϰ ̶ ϴ. ǰ ð 5 ܷ Ȧ ݸ ص û Ƹϳ Ķ Ŭ ð Ȧ ݺ (?) ǰ ִ 굵 ϴ!

, <ο ð > ƽ̵ ¥ <⺻ úħ ִ ð> ϴ . ¥ ̳ ϸ ð µ, ε ƹ . ű ǰ ð踦 Ͽ κ ð ¥ ¥ ! ϳ ̵ ̵ ð Ϸ Ѵٸ ݼ(metal band) ð踦 ϴ ٶϴ. Źó ð 帣 ȴ. ׸, ڵ ε Ϲ ð ϹǷ ð躸ٴ ð踦 ϴ , ƽ ð踦 ϰ Ѵٸ, ߻ ̷(skeleton) ð踦 ϴ ͵ . 忡 ̷ ð ݹ 찡 Ϲ̳, <ȭ ϴ ⺻ Ӽ > Ҿ ִ. , κ ð踦 µ Ͽ ̷ ð ڽ ð ﰢ ֱ ̸, ̷濡 ƴ ð 쿡 Ƿ 忡 ƹ . ׸, ޸ ð踦 Ǯ ƴٴϴ ִ Ͽ ð踦 Ѵٸ < Power Reserve ð> ٶϴ. ݴ Ϲ ð踦 ο Ѵٸ οԴ < ð躸ٴ Ǵ 귣 > ϴ .

 

, ð ð (8) (4) ¥ õõ ٲ ð谡 ְ(slow set, slow change), (12) ٲ ð谡 ִ ( 12 ~ 1 5 ¥â Ѵ). ð뿡 ð ð ð ¥ ϸ ִ. , ð ٴ ð ð Ϸ 쿡 ʴ´. ׷ (crown) ð ٴ ð ð踶 ٸٴ Ƿ Ȯ ٸ ð ϴ . ˰ ִٴ Ͽ ٲ ð뿡 ¥ ð Ϸ Ѵٸ, úħ ð 4 ~ 8 6 ΰ ¥ Ϸ ߰ úħ ¥ úħ Ȯ ð ߴµ, Ķ 12ð ȴ.

ð踦 3 Ʒ 2 4 ⿡ ư ϳ ִ ð谡 ִµ, ũγ׷ ̶ Ҹ. ð ϴ ̸, 2 ư ϰ, 2 ư Ѵ. ʱȭ(reset)ϴ 4 ư ȴ. 2 ư ϰ, 2 ư ٽ ʰ ٷ 4 ʱȭ ư ǹǷ ؾ Ѵ. ׷ ũγ׷ ð ϸ ð ͸ Ҹ , ð ߷ ϹǷ, ڲ ؾ Ѵ. ϳ, ũγ ƽ ð 5⸶ Ȧ ũη ƽ ð躸 ι .

 

ð Ʈ ŻⰡ ٽ ǰε ̴ 18(Thomas Mudge) ι Ͽ, Ż ҷ, ð迡 ް ϰ ̴. Ż ⸧ ǰ̵ ƴϵ ð 5 ܸ Ȧ ؾ ϸ, 5 ܸ Ȧ ϸ 븦 ̾ ִ. Ż ذϰ ι 1970 ߸ ð ٴϿ(George Daniels)̶ ι̸ 2 (׷ ̸ ڿþ, Co-Axial) Ż⸦ Ͽ, Ż ӿ ⸧ ذ Ư㸦 ߸Ͽ, Ư㸦 缭 ް. ް ð ǰ ڿþ Ʈ ̿ ο Ż⸦ ð.

ް ʱ⿡ ETA Ʈ Ż⸦ ڿþ ǰ 2500 𵨿 Ͽ, 8500 𵨺ʹ ڿþ Ʈ Ϻ ̷. ް ڿþ Ʈμ Ʈ 5 ֱⰡ ƴ 2 10 ֱ Ȧ ص ٰ Ѵ. , Ѱ ǹ . 5 10 2 Ȧ ֱ⸦ ״ٰ ϴµ 2 ⵵ Ŀ ̴.  ǰ̵ ⵵ Ŀ Ǿ ִ. , 5 50 Ȧ ֱ ̶ 𸦱, 5 10 Ȧ ֱ ̰ ְ, μ ū ǹ̷ ٰ ʴ´. , ڿþ ƴ ETA Ʈ 2500 Ʈ ħ ߻ϴ 찡 ־, ÿ ڿþ Ʈ ƴ Ϲ Ʈ ް õϴ 鵵 ־.

 

ް ڿþ Ʈ ڵ 񱳸 ڸ

( Single-Axial) Ʈ  vs.  () ƽ ̼

ڿþ (Co-Axial) Ʈ vs. Ŭġ ̼